Viktor Kolář

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This article is about the Czech photographer. For the Hungarian-born American composer and conductor., see Victor Kolar.

Viktor Kolář (born 7 September 1941) is a Czech photographer, an important exponent of documentary photography. In his works, Kolář focuses mainly on depicting urban life in the Ostrava region.[1][2][3][4]

Biography[edit]

Viktor Kolář: Retrospective. An exhibition held at the House at the Stone Bell, Old Town Square, Prague in 2013.

Kolář was born in 1941 in Ostrava. His father, a self-taught filmmaker and photographer, was the owner of a photo studio and photo shop, an important factor in leading young Viktor to photography.[5][6]

In 1953, he began taking photographs, and soon familiarized himself with the works of renowned photographers, particularly Henri Cartier-Bresson. From 1960 to 1964, he studied at the Photographic Institute in Ostrava. After that, he taught at an elementary school. From the second half of the 1960s, he decided to devote himself fully to photography. At the same time, he met and befriended the photography theorist Anna Fárová and her husband, painter Libor Fára.[5] In 1964, Kolář presented his works at his first solo exhibition. In October 1968, after the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, he emigrated to Canada,[7] where he worked as an assistant in the molybdenum mines and as a worker in the nickel smelters in Manitoba.[1] Later he managed to move into photography. From 1971 to 1973, he participated in documenting shopping malls in Montreal, which resulted in an exhibition in the Optica Gallery, Montreal. In Canada and the USA, Kolář met photographers Michael Semak, William Ewing and Cornell Capa. In 1973, however, he returned to Czechoslovakia through Paris and London.[8] His return to the communist country was questioned by state authorities and Kolář was interrogated by police on several occasions.[1] As a former emigrant (and therefore considered unreliable by the regime), he gradually lost the possibility to work as a photographer. At the time of deep "normalization", he worked as a laborer in Nová Huť Steelworks (formerly named after Klement Gottwald). However, he covertly continued his photographic documentation of the Ostrava region. From 1975 to 1984, he worked as a stage technician at the Petr Bezruč Theatre. In 1985, he was allowed to devote himself to freelance photography. In 1991, he received the prize of the Mother Jones Foundation in San Francisco.[9] In 1994, after the Velvet Revolution, he began to teach documentary photography at FAMU in Prague, where he was appointed Associate Professor (in 2000). He also travelled and lectured through the USA.[9]

Works[edit]

Viktor Kolář, along with Jindřich Štreit, is considered one of the most important exponents of Czech documentary photography.[1] His works can be found in the collections of the Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago), International Centre of Photography (New York), Maison Européenne de la Photographie (Paris), Musée de l´Photographie (Lausanne), Moravian Gallery (Brno), Museum of Decorative Arts (Prague), Museum Ludwig, (Cologne), Museum of Fine Arts, Houston and Victoria and Albert Museum (London).[10]

Solo exhibitions[edit]

  • 1964 - Fotografie Viktora Koláře. Černá louka, Ostrava.
  • 1973 - Viktor Kolar's Czech Eye. Optica Gallery, Montreal.
  • 1976 - Člověk mezi lidmi. Fotochema, Ostrava.
  • 1978 - Ostrava. Fotochema, Ostrava.
  • 1981 - Ostrava - fotografie 1968-1980. Dům umění města Brna, Brno.
  • 1981 - Novosvětská setkání. Galerie pod Podloubím, Olomouc.
  • 1981 - Ostrava. Malá výstavní síň, Liberec.
  • 1981 - Novosvětská setkání. Galéria F, Banská Bystrica.
  • 1981 - Ostrava. Ústav makromolekulární chemie ČSAV, Prague.
  • 1981 - Novosvětská setkání. Fotochema, Ostrava.
  • 1981 - Ostrava. Canon Gallery, Amsterdam.
  • 1981 - Viktor Kolář. Fotografijos Galeria, Kaunas.
  • 1981 - Viktor Kolář - fotografie. Muzeum Stillonu, Gorzów.
  • 1987 - Viktor Kolář - fotografie. Realistické divadlo, Prague.
  • 1988 - 13 let. Galerie 4, Cheb.
  • 1991 - Viktor Kolář. Pražský dům fotografie, Prague.
  • 1991 - Viktor Kolář. Robert Koch Gallery, San Francisco.
  • 1991 - Viktor Kolář - Schwarzes Ostrava. Palais Jalta, Frankfurt am Main.
  • 1992 - Baník Ostrava. Museum Hoesch, Dortmund.
  • 1993 - Nevinné oko. Městské muzeum, Ostrava.
  • 1993 - Baník Ostrava. Rheinisches Industriemuseum, Engelskirchen.
  • 1994 - Viktor Kolář. Slovenský rozhlas, Bratislava.
  • 1995 - Viktor Kolář - 40 fotografií. Americké kulturní a obchodní centrum, Prague.
  • 1996 - Kolářovy ostravské fotografie. Dům umění města Brna, Brno.
  • 1996 - Viktor Kolář. Slezské muzeum, Opava.
  • 1996 - Viktor Kolář. Toldkammeret, Elsinor.
  • 1996 - Viktor Kolář - fotografie. Biennale of International Photography, Skopelos.
  • 1997 - Viktor Kolář - Ostrava. The Photographic Center, Athens.
  • 1997 - Viktor Kolář (1967-77). Galerie Václava Špály, Prague.
  • 1998 - Viktor Kolář - fotografie. Musée de l'Élysée, Lausanne.
  • 1999 - Viktor Kolář. České centrum, Berlin.
  • 1999 - Viktor Kolář. Ostrava 1963-1999. Galerie výtvarného umění v Ostravě, Ostrava.
  • 2002 - Viktor Kolář Photographs - Czech Photography II. Leica Gallery, New York City.
  • 2002 - Malá Strana (Prague) photographs of Viktor Kolář. Blue Sky Gallery, Portland, Oregon.
  • 2003 - Naostro (50 fotografií Viktora Koláře 1989-2003). Muzeum Boskovicka, Boskovice.
  • 2007 - Viktor Kolar Photographs. Museum - The World of Glass, St. Helens, UK.
  • 2008 - Město budoucnosti. Galerie u Rytíře, Liberec.
  • 2009 - Retrospektywa/Retrospective of VK. Gallery A. Starmach, Kraków.

Selected publications[edit]

  • D.Mrázková: Viktor Kolář, Profil, Ostrava 1986
  • Viktor Kolář: Baník Ostrava, Ex posé, Berlin 1986
  • Viktor Kolář: Malá Strana, Kocher & Kocher, Prague 1993
  • V.Kolář; J.Žila: Ostrava-obležené město, SFINGA, Ostrava 1995. ISBN 80-7188-016-7
  • J.Cieslar: Viktor Kolář, TORST, Prague 2002. ISBN 80-7215-159-2

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Viktor Kolář". Moravian Gallery in Brno. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  2. ^ Baďura, Jaroslav (2 September 2010). "Kolář, legendární fotograf Ostravy, vydává knihu". Mladá fronta DNES (in Czech). iDnes. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  3. ^ "Viktor Kolář: 40 let "lovu" v Ostravě". Hospodářské noviny (in Czech). iHNed.cz. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  4. ^ Chuchma, Josef (2010-10-03). "Velkolepé potýkání se fotografa Viktora Koláře s rodnou Ostravou". Mladá fronta DNES (in Czech). iDnes. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Ostrava (2010), p. 198
  6. ^ Viviano, Frank (March–April 1994). "Europe's dark center, Ostrava". Mother Jones. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  7. ^ "In the Face of History: European Photographers in the 20th Century". Barbican Art Gallery. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  8. ^ Birgus, Vadimír; Mlčoch, Jan. "Czech Documentary and Reportage Photography 1968 - 79". Stredoeurópsky dom fotografie. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  9. ^ a b "Three Generations of Czech Documentary Photography - Jan Lukas, Viktor Kolář, Evžen Sobek". Leica Gallery Prague. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  10. ^ "Viktor Kolář - Bibliography". Viktor Kolář - official website. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 

References[edit]

  • Kolář, Viktor; Balabán, Jan (preface: A Return Home. An Essay on the Photography of Viktor Kolář); Volf, Petr (interview: I am my lord, master, student, and judge) et all. (2010). Ostrava. Prague: Kant. ISBN 978-80-7437-030-4. 
  • Mlčoch, Jan; Birgus, Vladimír (2010). Czech Photography of the 20th Century. Prague: KANT. ISBN 978-80-7437-027-4.