Vila do Porto (Azores)
|Vila do Porto|
From Pico Alto, the view of the main settlement of the island of Santa Maria, the community of Vila do Porto
|Official name: Concelho da Vila do Porto|
|Name origin: porto, Portuguese for village of the port|
|Municipality||Vila do Porto|
|Civil Parishes||Almagreira, Santa Bárbara, Santo Espírito, São Pedro, Vila do Porto|
|Center||Bom Despacho Velho|
|- elevation||242 m (794 ft)|
|Highest point||Pico Alto|
|- elevation||586.64 m (1,925 ft)|
|Lowest point||Sea level|
|- location||Atlantic Ocean|
|- elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|Length||16.76 km (10 mi), Northwest-Southeast|
|Width||10.29 km (6 mi), Southwest-Northeast|
|Area||96.89 km2 (37 sq mi)|
|- land||93.17 km2 (36 sq mi)|
|- urban||3.72 km2 (1 sq mi)|
|Density||56.88 / km2 (147 / sq mi)|
|- elevation||89 m (292 ft)|
|President||Nélia Maria Coutinho Figueiredo|
|Municipal Chair||António José Tavares de Loura|
|- summer (DST)||Azores (UTC0)|
|ISO 3166-2 code||PT-|
|Postal Zone||9580-539 Vila do Porto|
|Area Code & Prefix||(+351) 292 XXX-XXXX|
|Patron Saint||Nossa Senhora da Assunção|
|Municipal Address||Largo Nossa Senhora da Conceição
9580-539 Vila do Porto
|Municipal Holidays||15 August|
Location of the municipality of Vila do Porto in the archipelago of the Azores
|Wikimedia Commons: Vila do Porto|
|Website: http://www.cm-viladoporto.pt www.cm-viladoporto.pt|
|Statistics from INE (2001); geographic detail from Instituto Geográfico Português (2010)|
Vila do Porto (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈvilɐ ðu ˈpoɾtu], "Port Town") is the single municipality, the name of the main town and one of the civil parishes on the island of Santa Maria, in the Portuguese Autonomous Region of Azores. Its nearest neighbour, administratively, is the municipality of Povoação on the southern coast of São Miguel (to the northwest), and it is physically southwest of the Formigas Islets.
Gonçalo Velho Cabral, nobleman in the House of Infante D. Henrique (Henry the Navigator) and commander in the Order of Christ, arrived on the island of Santa Maria in 1432. In the cartography of the 14th Century, the island was referred to as Ilha dos Lobos ("Island of Wolves"). It became the seat of the first Captaincy of the Azores, which initially included both Santa Maria and São Miguel.
Its first settlement began in 1439, with the occupation of Praia dos Lobos (in the northern coast around Anjos). Fernão de Quental would later (around 1450) establish a colony in the south along an escarpment overlooking a small bay that aforded protection for ships: what would become known as the Vila do Porto ("town of the port"). This town would become incorporated in 1470, with the establishment of the first lighthouse in the Azores. Although never experiencing earthquakes since its initial settlement (in comparison to the other islands in the Azores), the community was always marked by isolation, inaccessibility and weak defensive position.
In 1901, it received an official visit from King D. Carlos and Queen D. Amélia, and later that year elected the first Republican municipal government.
The municipality incorporates the island of Santa Maria in its entirety, and is divide into five parishes:
The largest parish in population and density is Vila do Porto. The smallest parish in population is Santa Bárbara. The largest parish in area and the smallest in density is Santo Espírito and the smallest is Almagreira.
Vila do Porto's sister city is:
The main source of industry are agriculture and fishing while a small number of businesses are in the downtown area.