Vilasrao Deshmukh

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Vilasrao Deshmukh
विलासराव देशमुख
Vilasrao deshmukh3.jpg
Minister of Science and Technology
In office
12 July 2011 – 14 August 2012
President Pranab Mukherjee
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Succeeded by Vayalar Ravi
Minister of Earth Sciences
In office
12 July 2011 – 14 August 2012
Preceded by Pawan Kumar Bansal
Succeeded by Vayalar Ravi
Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
In office
26 June 2012 – 14 August 2012
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by Virbhadra Singh
Succeeded by Vayalar Ravi
Minister of Rural Development
In office
19 January 2011 – 12 July 2011
Preceded by C. P. Joshi
Succeeded by Jairam Ramesh
Minister of Panchayati Raj
In office
19 January 2011 – 12 July 2011
Preceded by C. P. Joshi
Succeeded by Kishore Chandra Deo
Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises
In office
28 May 2009 – 28 May 2012
Preceded by Santosh Mohan Dev
Succeeded by Praful Patel
Chief Minister of Maharashtra
In office
7 September 2004 – 5 December 2008
Preceded by Sushil Kumar Shinde
Succeeded by Ashok Chavan
Chief Minister of Maharashtra
In office
18 October 1999 – 16 January 2003
Preceded by Narayan Rane
Succeeded by Sushil Kumar Shinde
Personal details
Born Vilasrao Dagadojirao Deshmukh
(1945-05-26)26 May 1945
India
Died 14 August 2012(2012-08-14) (aged 67)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Political party Indian National Congress
Spouse(s) Vaishali Deshmukh
Children 3 Amit Deshmukh, Riteish Deshmukh, Dheeraj Deshmukh
Occupation Lawyer[1]

Vilasrao Dagadojirao Deshmukh (26 May 1945 – 14 August 2012) was an Indian politician who served as Minister of Science and Technology and Minister of Earth Sciences.

Vilasrao Deshmukh was a Member of Parliament in Rajya Sabha, India. He has previously held the posts of Minister of Rural Development and Minister of Panchayati Raj, Government of India and Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, Government of India.[2] He was a member of Rajya Sabha representing Maharashtra. Vilasrao Deshmukh was two-time Chief Minister of Maharashtra, from 1999 to 2003 and from 2004 to 2008. He was a member of the Indian National Congress and originally belonged to Latur district in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra.

Critically ill with kidney and liver failures, Deshmukh died on 14 August 2012 due to multiple organ failure at Global Hospitals, Chennai.[3][4]

Political career[edit]

Deshmukh entered active politics and became a member of the Babhalgaon (Latur) Village Panchayat from 1974 to 1980 and its Sarpanch (village chief) from 1974 to 1976. He was a member of Osmanabad Zilla Parishad and Deputy Chairman of Latur Taluka Panchayat Samiti (Latur District Panchayat Committee) from 1974 to 1980. As the President of Osmanabad District Youth Congress from 1975 to 1978, he worked for the implementation of Five Point Programme of the Youth Congress. He organised the youth in Osmanabad district and became the President of District wing of the Indian National Congress.

He was a Member of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly from 1980 to 1995 winning the 1980, 1985 and 1990 elections.[5] During this period, he served as the Minister of State and the Cabinet Minister and had the portfolios of the ministries of Home, General Administration, Cooperation, Public Works, Transport, Legislative Affairs, Tourism, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development Fisheries, Industry, Rural Development, Education, Technical Education, Sports and Youth Welfare.

He lost the election in 1995 by a margin of 35,000. He was re-elected to the State Legislature from Latur Constituency in the elections held in September 1999 with a strong comeback winning with a margin of nearly 91,000 in two successive elections, the highest in Maharashtra. He took oath as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra on 18 October 1999. He was Chief Minister until 17 January 2003, but had to step down in January 2003 and make way for Sushilkumar Shinde, following factionalism in the state unit of the party.

He was re-elected to the Legislative Assembly from Latur Constituency in October 2004.[5] He took oath of Chief Ministership for the second time on 1 November 2004 – 4 December 2008.[6][7]

He subsequently entered the Rajya Sabha and was appointed to the Council of Ministers as Union Minister for Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 28 May 2009.[8] He was appointed as Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises on 19 January 2011 cabinet reshuffle.[9] Later on he was appointed Minister of Rural Development. He was appointed as Minister of Science and Technology and Minister of Earth Sciences on 12 July 2011.

Farmer loan waiver — UPA I[edit]

Being the chief minister of Maharashtra, Vilasrao Deshmukh was the first person to ask for farmer loan waiver in UPA-I. This was one of the main reason because of which UPA came to power in 2009. Vilasrao was a great strategist.

26/11 attacks controversy and resignation[edit]

In the aftermath of the November 2008 Mumbai attacks, following controversy over taking his actor son Riteish Deshmukh and director Ram Gopal Verma to the Taj Mahal Hotel, where the attacks took place, he took the moral responsibility and offered to resign, which was then accepted by the party.[10][11] The BJP leader of the opposition Sudhir Mungantiwar criticised him saying: "He has misused his position when he took Ram Gopal Varma to the Taj (Mahal Palace & Tower Hotel) after the terror attack."[12]

Adarsh allegations[edit]

An affidavit filed in the Bombay High Court on 27 April 2012 alleges that Deshmukh might be owning two flats through proxies in the Adarsh Housing Society in Mumbai. The scam is pending for further investigation. Union Minister of Power Sushil Kumar Shinde, on 25 June, told a judicial panel the decision to allot government land and grant of additional Floor Space Index to the housing society was taken during Deshmukh's tenure as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra.[13]

Philanthropy[edit]

Deshmukh founded the Manjra Charitable Trust which runs a number of colleges in Latur & Mumbai. Some of them are Manajara Ayurvedic Medical College & Hospital Latur, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology at Versova, Andheri in Mumbai[14] and Sushiladevi Deshmukh Vidyalaya at Airoli, Navi Mumbai.,[citation needed] VDF SCHOOL,Latur

Illness and death[edit]

Deshmukh was diagnosed with cirrhosis in summer 2011. Hints of his ailments, though kept in private, included the writing of his will and a general lack of previous warmth and tiredness at the weddings of his two sons, Riteish and Dheeraj.[15] He was admitted to Mumbai's Breach Candy Hospital in the first week of August 2012, where he was diagnosed with liver and kidney failure. He was flown to Chennai for a liver transplant by air ambulance on 6 August.[16] Attempts to commence the liver transplant failed as a clinically dead man, whose liver and kidney were to be transplanted into Deshmukh, died the night before the operation. He died the following day on 14 August at 14:00[17] due to an apparent multiple organ failure.[18][19] He died in the presence of his family.[20]

Reactions included INC president Sonia Gandhi who said his death was a great loss to the party.[17] President Pranab Mukherjee paid tribute and expressed grief, as did Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, who called Deshmukh "a trusted colleague and an able administrator who worked at panchayat, state and central levels with admirable dedication." Mahrashtra BJP opposition leader Prakash Javadekar reacted in saying: "It is a very sad news. He was warm-hearted and cheerful and always ready for helping (others). He had a vision for Maharashtra and was equally concerned about farmers and youngsters." Minister of State for Science and Technology Ashwani Kumar called Deshmukh a "great human being" who had an ability to connect with people and that "he was very unwell. We were hoping for his recovery. I am saddened, shocked." Samajwadi Party MP Jaya Bachchan said his death was "very unfortunate to lose such a promising leader at a young age." Janata Dal United (JDU) leader Sharad Yadav said his death resulted in a "lot of pain," while Nationalist Congress Party leader Praful Patel said: "He had a long journey in public life. He was a big leader, a wise leader. He knew all parts of Maharashtra very well. It is great loss for the country and big loss for Maharashtra."

Other condolences came from Maharashtra Governor K. Sankaranarayanan, Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan, Deputy Chief Minister Ajit Pawar and Republican Party of India leader Ramdas Athawale. His death also elicited reaction from Bollywood, partly as a result of his son's career in filmdom. These included Madhuri Dixit, Karan Johar, Bipasha Basu, Dia Mirza and Raveena Tandon, as well as Shah Rukh Khan who called Deshmukh a "wonderful" gentleman and said "I'm feeling very sorry. I have known him (Vilasrao) for years. Riteish is a close friend of mine. I spoke to him. I am very sad, it is very unexpected."

His cremation took place on 15 August, India's Independence Day at Babhalgaon, his village, in Latur district.[20][21]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "‘Vilas was shy as a law student, a poor orator’". Pune Mirror. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "Department of Heavy Industry". [[Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises]]. Retrieved 6 February 2010. 
  3. ^ "Vilasrao Deshmukh on life support". 7 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Arun Ram (14 August 2012). "Vilasrao Deshmukh passes away". Times of India. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Election result Analysis 1978–2004". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
  6. ^ "Wheel has taken full circle for Vilasrao Deshmukh". Rediff.com. 30 October 2004. Retrieved 6 February 2010. 
  7. ^ "Deshmukh sworn in Chief Minister of Maharashtra". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2 November 2004. Retrieved 6 February 2010. 
  8. ^ "Big comeback: Deshmukh in Union Cabinet". CNN-IBN. 28 May 2009. Retrieved 6 February 2010. 
  9. ^ "Vilasrao Deshmukh's promotion in Union Cabinet". CNN-IBN. 19 January 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2011. 
  10. ^ . Hindustan Times. 5 December 2008 http://www.hindustantimes.com/Chavan-to-be-new-Maharashtra-CM/Article1-356150.aspx. Retrieved 30 October 2010.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ "Mumbai: the aftermath". World Press. 5 December 2008. Retrieved 30 October 2010. 
  12. ^ "BJP demands Vilasrao Deshmukh's resignation – Politics – Politics News – ibnlive". Ibnlive.in.com. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  13. ^ "Deshmukh appears before Adarsh panel". Zeenews.india.com. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  14. ^ "MANJARA Charitable Trust". Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology, Mumbai. Retrieved 6 February 2010. 
  15. ^ "Vilasrao Deshmukh knew he was to die!". daily.bhaskar.com. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  16. ^ Pushpa Narayan and Prafulla Marapakwar (8 August 2012). "Vilasrao Deshmukh still critical, no liver". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  17. ^ a b "Congress leader Vilasrao Deshmukh passes away at 67". Zeenews.india.com. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  18. ^ "liver and kidney transplants". Yahoo News, India. 14 August 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  19. ^ "Vilasrao Deshmukh Passes Away, Twitter Celebrates | Gather". News.gather.com. 6 January 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  20. ^ a b "Vilasrao Deshmukh dies: mourned by leaders, Bollywood". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  21. ^ "Deshmukh's body reaches Latur, funeral in evening". Indiavision news. 15 August 2012. 
Preceded by
Narayan Rane
Chief Minister of Maharashtra
18 October 1999 – 16 January 2003
Succeeded by
Sushilkumar Shinde
Preceded by
Sushilkumar Shinde
Chief Minister of Maharashtra
1 November 2004 – 4 December 2008
Succeeded by
Ashok Chavan
Preceded by
Santosh Mohan Dev
Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises
28 May 2009 – 19 January 2011
Succeeded by
Praful Patel
Preceded by
C. P. Joshi
Minister of Rural Development
19 January 2011 – 12 July 2011
Succeeded by
Jairam Ramesh
Preceded by
C. P. Joshi
Minister of Panchayati Raj
19 January 2011 – 12 July 2011
Succeeded by
Kishore Chandra Deo
Preceded by
Pawan Kumar Bansal
Minister of Science and Technology
12 July 2011 – 14 August 2012
Succeeded by
Vayalar Ravi
Preceded by
Pawan Kumar Bansal
Minister of Earth Sciences
12 July 2011 – 14 August 2012
Succeeded by
Vayalar Ravi
Preceded by
Sharad Pawar
Mumbai Cricket Association
15 July 2011 – 14 August 2012
Succeeded by
Yet to be announced