Beirut Vilayet

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Beirut Vilayeti
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire

1888–1917
Location of Beirut Vilayet
Beirut Vilayet in 1900
Capital Beirut
History
 -  Established 1888
 -  Disestablished 1917
Area
 -  1885[1] 30,490 km2 (11,772 sq mi)
Population
 -  1885[1] 533,500 
Density 17.5 /km2  (45.3 /sq mi)
Today part of  Lebanon
 Israel
 Syria
 Palestine

The Vilayet of Beirut was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire. It was established from the coastal areas of the Syria Vilayet in 1888 as a recognition of the new-found importance of its then-booming capital, Beirut, which had experienced remarkable growth in the previous years - by 1907, Beirut handled 11 percent of the Ottoman Empire's international trade.[2] It stretched from just north of Jaffa to the port city of Latakia.[3] It was bounded by the Syria Vilayet to the east, the Aleppo Vilayet to the north, the autonomous Mutasarrifate of Jerusalem to the south and the Mediterranean Sea to the west.

At the beginning of the 20th century it reportedly had an area of 11,773 square miles (30,490 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 533,500.[1] The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.[1]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Sanjaks of the vilayet:[4]

  1. Beirut Sanjak
  2. Akka Sanjak (Acre Sanjak)
  3. Lazikiyye Sanjak
  4. Nablus Sanjak

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Asia by A. H. Keane, page 460
  2. ^ Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, p. 87, at Google Books By Gábor Ágoston, Bruce Alan Masters
  3. ^ Bruce Masters (2013-04-29). The Arabs of the Ottoman Empire, 1516-1918: A Social and Cultural History. Cambridge University Press. p. 182. ISBN 978-1-107-03363-4. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  4. ^ Beyrut Vilayeti ve Cebel-i Lübnan Mutasarrıflığı | Tarih ve Medeniyet

External links[edit]