Vilegodsky District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Vilegodsky District
Вилегодский район (Russian)
Ru-ark-vilegodsky loc.svg
Location of Vilegodsky District in Arkhangelsk Oblast
Coordinates: 61°07′N 47°59′E / 61.117°N 47.983°E / 61.117; 47.983Coordinates: 61°07′N 47°59′E / 61.117°N 47.983°E / 61.117; 47.983
Coat of Arms of Vilegodsky rayon (Arkhangelsk oblast).png
Coat of Arms of Vilegodsky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Arkhangelsk Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of 2011)
Administrative center selo of Ilyinsko-Podomskoye[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
selsoviet 6
Inhabited localities:[2]
Rural localities 177
Municipal structure (as of March 2012)
Municipally incorporated as Vilegodsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 6
Statistics
Area 6,300 km2 (2,400 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 11,158 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 0%
- Rural 100%
Density 1.77/km2 (4.6/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Established April 10, 1924[8]
Official website
Vilegodsky District on WikiCommons

Vilegodsky District (Russian: Вилего́дский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia.[1] Municipally, it is incorporated as Vilegodsky Municipal District.[3] It is located in the southeast of the oblast and borders with Lensky District in the north, Sysolsky and Priluzsky Districts of the Komi Republic in the east, Luzsky District of Kirov Oblast in the south, and with Kotlassky District in the west. Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo) of Ilyinsko-Podomskoye.[2] District's population: 11,158 (2010 Census);[5] 13,241 (2002 Census);[9] 16,616 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Ilyinsko-Podomskoye accounts for 33.0% of the district's total population.[5]

History[edit]

The area was originally populated by the Finno-Ugric peoples and then colonized by the Novgorod Republic. In the end of the 14th century, the area became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Ilyinsk (currently a part of Ilyinsko-Podomskoye) was founded in 1379. The foundation of the village is often related to the activities of Stephen of Perm, who is credited with the conversion of the Komi peoples to Christianity. After 1380, the lands along the Viled River were given to Stephen, at the time the hegumen in the Ust-Vym Monastery, by Dmitry Donskoy, the Prince of Moscow.[8]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Archangelgorod Governorate, In 1780, the governorate was abolished and transformed into Vologda Viceroyalty, which in 1796 was split. The area was included into Vologda Governorate. From 1780, the area of the present-day Vilegodsky District was a part of Solvychegodsky Uyezd.[8] In 1918, the area was transferred to the newly established Northern Dvina Governorate, and in 1924 the uyezds were abolished in favor of the new divisions, the districts (raions). Vilegodsky District was established on April 10, 1924.

In the following years, the first-level administrative division of Russia kept changing. In 1929, Northern Dvina Governorate was merged into Northern Krai, which in 1936 was transformed into Northern Oblast. In 1937, Northern Oblast was split into Arkhangelsk Oblast and Vologda Oblast. Krasnoborsky District remained in Arkhangelsk Oblast ever since. Some areas of the district were eventually transferred to Kirov Oblast, Lensky, and Kotlassky Districts.[8]

Geography[edit]

The district is located on the left bank of the Vychegda River. A major part of the district belongs to the basin of the Vychegda, mainly to the Viled River which is a major left tributary of the Vychegda. A small portion of the Vychegda course serves as a boundary of the district in the northwest. A small area in the southwest of the district drains into the Lala River, a tributary of the Luza River, in the basin of the Yug.

Almost the whole of the district is covered by coniferous forests (taiga).

Divisions[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Administratively, the district is divided into six selsoviets.[2] The following selsoviets have been established (the administrative centers are given in parentheses):

  • Belyayevsky (Shalimovo);
  • Ilyinsky (Ilyinsko-Podomskoye);
  • Nikolsky (Nikolsk);
  • Pavlovsky (Pavlovsk);
  • Selyansky (Fominsky);
  • Vilegodsky (Vilegodsk).

Municipal divisions[edit]

Municipally, the district is divided into seven rural settlements (the administrative centers are given in parentheses):

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The main industry of the district is timber production.[11]

Traditionally, the valley of the Viled River was producing linum, and in 1930 the first linum factory in the present-day Arkhangelsk Oblast was open in Ilyinsko-Podomskoye. However, linum has not been cultivated in the district since 1976.[12]

Agriculture[edit]

The farms produce meat, milk, cereals, and potatoes.[11]

Transportation[edit]

The Vychegda River is navigable and with regular passenger navigation.

A road between Kotlas and Syktyvkar traverses the district. In particular, it passes Ilyinsko-Podomskoye.

A portion of the railroad connecting Kotlas and Vorkuta also lies in the district.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains seven objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local importance.[13] Most of these are churches built prior to 1917.

The only state museum in the district is Vilegodsky District Museum located in Ilyinsko-Podomskoye.[14]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #65-5-OZ
  2. ^ a b c d Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 11 211», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 11 211, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  3. ^ a b c Law #258-vneoch.-OZ
  4. ^ Вилегодский район (in Russian). Двина-Информ. Retrieved August 29, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b c d История Вилегодского района (in Russian). Вилегодская централизованная библиотечная cистема. Retrieved August 29, 2011. 
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b Справка о районе (in Russian). Администрация МО "Вилегодский район". Retrieved June 1, 2011. 
  12. ^ Вилегодский район (in Russian). Вилегодская централизованная библиотечная cистема. Retrieved August 29, 2011. 
  13. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved October 8, 2011. 
  14. ^ Вилегодский районный краеведческий музей (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved August 29, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. Областной закон №65-5-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Архангельской области», в ред. Областного закона №232-13-ОЗ от 16 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Областные Законы в сфере осуществления местного самоуправления и взаимодействия с некоммерческими организациями». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волна", №43, 6 октября 2009 г. (Arkhangelsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Oblast Law #65-5-OZ of September 23, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Arkhangelsk Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #232-13-OZ of December 16, 2014 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Dealing with the Process of Municipal Self-Government and Relations with Non-Profit Organizations. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
  • Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. Областной закон №258-внеоч.-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2004 г. «О статусе и границах территорий муниципальных образований в Архангельской области», в ред. Областного закона №224-13-ОЗ от 16 декабря 2014 г. «Об упразднении отдельных населённых пунктов Соловецкого района Архангельской области и о внесении изменения в статью 46 Областного закона "О статусе и границах территорий муниципальных образований в Архангельской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волна", №38, 8 октября 2004 г. (Arkhangelsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Oblast Law #258-vneoch.-OZ of September 23, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Territories of the Municipal Formations in Arkhangelsk Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #224-13-OZ of December 16, 2014 On Abolishing Several Inhabited Localities in Solovetsky District of Arkhangelsk Oblast and on Amending Article 46 of the Oblast Law "On the Status and Borders of the Territories of the Municipal Formations in Arkhangelsk Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).