Vilela language

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Native to Argentina
Extinct late 20th century[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 vil
Glottolog vile1241[2]

Vilela (Uakambalelté, Atalalá, Chulupí~Chunupí)[3] is an extinct language last spoken in the Resistencia area of Argentina and in the eastern Chaco near the Paraguayan border. Dialects were Ocol, Chinipi, Sinipi; only Ocol survives. The people call themselves Waqha-umbaβelte 'Waqha speakers'.

The remaining Vilela people are being absorbed into the surrounding Toba people and Spanish-speaking townsfolk.


Vilela appears to have the five vowels of Spanish and approximately the following consonants:

m n
b d ɡ
p t k ʔ
f s ʃ x
w l j


  1. ^ Vilela at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Vilela". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Not to be confused with Niwaklé, which is also called Chulupí~Chunupí.


  • Lozano, Elena (1970). Textos Vilelas. La Plata: CEILP.
  • Lozano, Elena (1977). Cuentos secretos vilelas: I. La mujer tigre. VICUS Cuadernos. Lingüística, Vol.I: 93-116.