Vileyka

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Vileyka
Вілейка (Belarusian)
Вилейка (Russian)
Vialejka Church of Rev. Mary of Egypt
Vialejka Church of Rev. Mary of Egypt
Flag of Vileyka
Flag
Official seal of Vileyka
Seal
Vileyka is located in Belarus
Vileyka
Vileyka
Coordinates: 54°29′50″N 26°54′40″E / 54.49722°N 26.91111°E / 54.49722; 26.91111
Country  Belarus
Voblast Minsk Region
Raion Vileyka Raion
Elevation 183 m (600 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 26,736
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 222410
Area code(s) +375 1771
License plate 5
Website Official website

Vileyka (Belarusian: Вiлейка [vʲiˈlʲɛjka], also Вялейка; Russian: Вилейка; Polish: Wilejka; Lithuanian: Vileika) is a town in Belarus and the administrative center of the Vileyka Raion in the Minsk Region. It is located on the River Viliya, 100 km northwest of Minsk. The first documentary record dates from 16 November 1460.

Time zone: II (GMT +2 hours). Population of Vileyka district in 2009: 55 thousand people (Vileyka 28.5 thousand). International phone code: +375 1771 xxxxx. Postal index: 222410.

The 43rd Russian Navy's long-haul communications center is located near Vileyka (54°27′50″N 26°46′40″E / 54.46389°N 26.77778°E / 54.46389; 26.77778). It provides VLF communication between Russian Navy's headquarters and atomic submarines in the Atlantic, Indian and parts of the Pacific Ocean.

History[edit]

In the 10th–13th centuries, the territory was under the Principality of Polotsk, and in XIV-XVII under Grand Duchy of Lithuania as manor house Kurenets. The town was first mentioned in 1460 as a borough center of the Vileyka Starostwo of the Ashmyany county in Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

  • 1635 - Władysław IV Vasa bestowed Vileyka upon Aleksander Korwin Gosiewski "for exclusive service to the state".
  • 1765 - Vileyka has 30 houses, 165 inhabitants, and became a county center.
  • 1793 - during the Second Partition of Poland the town is ceded to the Russian Empire.
  • 1795 - under the decree of Catherine II of Russia the town receives the status of a city and becomes a center of Vileyka uyezd in Minsk Governorate, then Vilna Governorate (1842–1917).
  • 1810, May 24 - almost the entire city is destroyed by the fire.
  • 1861 - 2931 inhabitants, 1880 – 3450, by the end of 19th century - more than 3500 inhabitants.
  • 1906 - big sawmill started.
  • 1907 - the city acquires a branch of Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway and a city station.
  • 1915, September 14 - occupied by the German Army, but several days later recovered by the Russian Army during the Sventiany Offensive.
  • 1917, November 8 - Soviets come to power during the October Revolution
  • 1918, December - occupied by German Army
  • 1919 - as a result of Polish–Soviet War the city falls under Polish rule, becoming the center of the Wilejka county in Wilno Voivodeship (1923–1939)
  • 1939 - annexed back to Soviet Union in accordance with the conditions of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. Becomes the center of the Vileyka Voblast of BSSR.
  • 1941, June 26 - the town is occupied by the Nazi German army, who massacre over 15,000 civilians, including 6,972 Jewish people and destroy the town.[citation needed]
  • Several hundred people, mostly Polish political prisoners, sick and wounded, are executed prior to the departure of the occupying Soviet guards on June 24, 1941.[citation needed]
  • 1941, July 12 and 30 - German SS forces murder all Jewish citizens in Vileyka (over 500 people).[citation needed]
  • 1944, July 3 - Russian Army liberates the town from the German occupiers in the context of Operation Bagration.
  • 1944 - the center of the Vileyka Raion.
  • 1954 - furniture plant started.
  • 1959 - repair plant started.
  • 1973 - "Zenit-BelOMO"[1] optical plant started
  • 1973 - Vileyka reservoir started
  • 1998 - Vileyka hydropower station started

Geography[edit]

The modern town is located on the right bank of the river Viliya, in the northwest part of the Minsk region, 100 kilometers from Minsk. The town’s population numbers 30,000 people. There is a railway station of the Molodechno-Polotsk line in the town. The roads to Maladzechna, Smarhoń, Myadzel, Dokshytsy, Pleshchanitsy run through the town. The town’s industry is represented by the Zenit plant, wood processing enterprises (including a furniture factory), a motor repair plant, building materials plants, light and food enterprises. Vileyka also houses the Museum of Regional Studies.

The territory of the Vileyka district is 2400 km². Forests account for 41% of the territory. The main part of the district is situated within the borders of Narach-Vileyka lowland. In the year 1974, near the town of Vileyka Belarus's largest artificial reservoir was built — Vileyka Reservoir with a total area of 63.3 km² and a volume of 238 million cubic meters.

Points of interests[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Vileyka is twinned with:

Coordinates: 54°29′53″N 26°55′34″E / 54.498°N 26.926°E / 54.498; 26.926

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zenit-BelOMO, zenit-belomo.by