|Voblast of of the Byelorussian SSR|
Byelorussian SSR in 1940,
of which Vileyka Voblast was a part.
|-||Established||December 4 1939|
|-||Disestablished||September 20 1944|
|-||1941||20,700 km2 (7,992 sq mi)|
|Density||45.3 /km2 (117.4 /sq mi)|
|Political subdivisions||22 raions|
Vileyka Voblast (Belarusian: Вілейская вобласць, Russian: Вилейская область) was a territorial unit in the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic created out of the eastern powiats of the Wilno Voivodeship after the annexation of West Belarus (Then part of Poland) into the BSSR in November 1939. The administrative centre of the province was the city of Vileyka. Initially the oblast consisted Vileyka, Oshmyany, Braslav, Dzisna, Postavy and Sventiany raions. In January 1940, it consisted of 22 raions: Ostrovets, Oshmyany, Braslav, Vidzy, Gadutsishki, Glubokoye, Dzisna, Dokshitsi, Dunilovichi, Ilya, Krivichi, Kurenets, Molodechno, Miory, Miadzieł, Postavy, Wagtails (Its center was Plisa), Radashkovichy, Smorgon, Sventiany, Svir and Dergachi (Its center was Sharkovshchina). On November 1940, raions of Gadutsishki and Sventiany as well as parts of Ostrovets, Oshmyany, Postavy and Svir ones were transferred to Lithuanian SSR. Also, Oshmyany raion was part of Wilna Land General Bezirk at Litauen and city of Vileyka Glubokoye one was part of General Bezirk Weissruthenien in Reichskommissariat Ostland during German occupiation between 1941–1944. On September 20, 1944 the oblast was renamed to Maladzyechna Voblast and the administrative centre was relocated to Maladzyechna. At same day, raions of Braslav, Vidzy, Glubokoye, Dzisna, Dokshitsi, Dunilovichi, Miory, Plisa, Sharkovshchina and Kuropolye village of Postavy one were transferred to Polatsk Voblast and Iwye, Volozhin and Yuratishki raions of Baranavichy Voblast were passed to Maladzyechna one. Vilejka, former voblast center, was part of Kurenets raion and became a raion center after Kurenets one's center was relocated to it and renaming the name of the raion as Vileyka one in 5 July 1946.
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