Viljoenskroon

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Viljoenskroon
Viljoenskroon is located in South Africa
Viljoenskroon
Viljoenskroon
 Viljoenskroon shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 27°13′S 26°57′E / 27.217°S 26.950°E / -27.217; 26.950Coordinates: 27°13′S 26°57′E / 27.217°S 26.950°E / -27.217; 26.950
Country South Africa
Province Free State
District Fezile Dabi
Municipality Moqhaka
Area[1]
 • Total 17.9 km2 (6.9 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 31,468
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 94.2%
 • Coloured 0.6%
 • Indian/Asian 0.3%
 • White 4.6%
 • Other 0.4%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Sotho 78.9%
 • Xhosa 8.5%
 • Afrikaans 5.2%
 • Tswana 1.6%
 • Other 5.8%
Postal code (street) 9520
PO box 9520
Area code 05634
Website http://www.moqhaka.gov.za/

Viljoenskroon is a maize and cattle farming, improving in a rapid rate. It is located in the Free State province of South Africa. It was named after the original farm owner JJ Viljoen and his horse Kroon (Crown).[2] The town was laid out in 1921 on the farm "Mahemskuil" and became a municipality in 1925.[3]

The Viljoenskroon municipality and neighboring informal settlement (Rammulotsi) was incorporated into the greater Moqhaka Local Municipality in 1996[4] and forms part of the Fezile Dabi District municipality.

The Viljoenskroon/Rammulotsi urban unit has an estimated population of 59 202.[5] Viljoenskroon historically played a part in providing residential opportunities to the adjacent mining communities at Lace Diamond Mine[6] and the Orkney gold mines.

Schools[edit]

There are several schools in the Viljoenskroon area.

Viljoenskroon[edit]

Rammulotsi[edit]

  • Ntsoanatsatsi Middle School (Doubling as a voting station during local and government elections.[8])
  • Renyakalletse Public School
  • Mphatlalatsane Combined School
  • Kgolagano Secondary School
  • Kgabareng Secondary School
  • Thabang Secondary School

Radio Station[edit]

The town is home to an Afrikaans language radio station called Overvaal Stereo 96.1FM.[9]

Rammulotsi open-toilet saga[edit]

During the May 2011 local government elections, the Rammulotsi open-toilet saga was central to political debate in the Republic of South Africa.[10] The problems experienced with this specific government infrastructure project at Rammulotsi came to light a week before the local elections.[11] It involved 1 831 toilets built by the construction company owned by the husband of then Viljoenskroon mayor, Mantebu Mokgosi.[12] These toilets were not enclosed since construction started in 1995. Initially the ANC was unaware of the problems at Rammulotsi. According to Jackson Mthembu, the party had "evidence that Luthuli House didn’t know there were open toilets in Moqhaka municipality. It wasn’t brought to the attention of the ANC by anybody, not even Sicelo (Co-operative Governance minister),".[13]

The matter was later referred to as the Free State open-toilet saga by the media after the discovery of a similar problem in Tshiame near Harrismith[14] and national political figures such as Julius Malema, Helen Zille and Mangosuthu Buthelezi got involved in the debate. The issue was seen as of national importance by the ANC government which took the Democratic Alliance ruled City of Cape Town to court over the Cape Town open-toilet saga a few months before.[15] In September 2011 Human Settlements Minister Tokyo Sexwale said that the open toilet saga had given politicians leeway to play "political football" when acknowledging that the ruling party was responsible for the open toilets in Rammulotsi and Tshiame.[16] He later appointed ANC stalwart Winnie Madikizela-Mandela to head a national sanitation team consisting of 11 members, including a medical doctor, representatives of the SA Local Government Association, the water affairs department, the SA Municipal Workers' Union and people living in informal settlements to identify irregularities and malpractice, the scale of the problems, nature of sanitation problems and geographic extent...[17]

References[edit]