Villány

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Villány
Wieland
Villány: the wine region
Villány: the wine region
Coat of arms of VillányWieland
Coat of arms
VillányWieland is located in Hungary
VillányWieland
Villány
Wieland
Location of Villány
Coordinates: 45°52′10″N 18°27′20″E / 45.86951°N 18.45562°E / 45.86951; 18.45562Coordinates: 45°52′10″N 18°27′20″E / 45.86951°N 18.45562°E / 45.86951; 18.45562
Country  Hungary
County Baranya
Area
 • Total 22.02 km2 (8.50 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 2,517
 • Density 114.30/km2 (296.0/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 7773
Area code(s) 72

Villány (German: Wieland, Croatian: Viljan, Biljan, Vilanje,[1] Serbian: Vilanj / Вилањ) is a town in Baranya county, Hungary that is famous for its wine. Residents are Magyars, with minority of Serbs.

Etymology[edit]

The name derives from the Hungarian word for lightning, villám. Formerly (centuries ago), the settlement was recorded under this form of name.

History[edit]

Cancelled in 1900 in the Kingdom of Hungary

After the Ottoman occupation until 1918, VILLÁNY was part of the Austrian monarchy, province of Hungary;[2] in Transleithania after the compromise of 1867 in the Kingdom of Hungary. A post-office was opened end of 1867 (depending from Oedenburg Post Directorate).[3]

Geography[edit]

The city is located in the encounter of three large geographical regions: the Great Hungarian Plain from the south, Baranya Hills from the north, and finally Villány Mountains border it from the west. On the plain, agricultural activity is common. The mountains and the hills provide a suitable place for wine producing.

Demographics[edit]

A scene in Villány Mountains
Winehouses of Villány

The settlement's population, divided to age groups:

Group 2006
0–5 years old 108
6–13 years old 204
14–17 years old 143
18–54 years old 1450
55–69 years old 328
over 70 404

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Villány is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Croatian) Folia onomastica croatica 14/2005. PDF (462 KB) Živko Mandić: Hrvatska imena naseljenih mjesta u Madžarskoj,
  2. ^ Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961.
  3. ^ Die Poststempel auf der Freimarken-Ausgabe 1867 von Österreich und Ungarn, Edwin Mueller, 1930 (in German)