Villa Pisani (Bagnolo)
The Pisani were a rich family of Venetian nobles who owned several Villas Pisani, two of them designed by Andrea Palladio. The villa at Bagnolo was built in the 1540s and represents Palladio's first villa designed for a patrician family of Venice: his earlier villa commissions were from provincial nobility in the Vicenza area. The villa at Bagnolo was at the centre of an agricultural estate, as were most of the villas commissioned from Palladio. It was designed with rusticated features to complement its rural setting; in contrast, the Villa Pisani at Montagnana in a semi-urban setting utilizes more refined motifs.
In 1570 Palladio published a version of the villa in his Four Books of Architecture. The executed villa differs noticeably from the design. The deviations may have been in response to certain conditions on the actual site.
An engraved ground plan of 1778 by Ottavio Bertotti Scamozzi, gives a clear idea of the villa as it appeared in the 18th century. There was originally a long barchessa (wing) at the back of the courtyard terminating in dovecotes that kept the villa supplied with squab; this wing was admired by Vasari, but it was demolished in the nineteenth century and replaced by a structure that bears no relation to the Palladian facade it faces.
In 1996, UNESCO included the villa in the World Heritage Site "City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto".
- The Center for Palladian Studies in America, Inc., Palladio's Life and World.
- John Summerson, Architecture in Britain, 1530 to 1830 (Pelican History of art), 19(1953) 1963:222, notes Palladio's use of case di villa for these houses and traces the evolution of villa in English to refer to the main houses themselves, eventually in isolation from a supporting estate.
- first published in Italian as I Quattro Libri dell'Architettura, Venezia (Venice) 1570, Palladio's work is available in English translation: the Villa Pisani (Bagnolo) is shown in book two, page 47.
- "International Centre for the Study of the Architecture of Andrea Palladio: Villa Pisani, Bagnolo di Lonigo". Retrieved 2008-05-16.
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