|• Mayor||Helmut Manzenreiter (SPÖ)|
|• Total||134.89 km2 (52.08 sq mi)|
|Elevation||501 m (1,644 ft)|
|Population (1 January 2012)|
|• Density||440/km2 ( 1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Villach (help·info) (German pronunciation: [ˈfɪlax]; Slovene: Beljak, Italian: Villaco, Friulian: Vilac) is the second largest city in the Carinthia state in the southern Austria, at the Drava River and represents an important traffic junction for Austria and the whole Alpe-Adria region. As of December 2006[update], the population is 58,480.
The oldest human traces found in Villach date back to 3500 BC. Many Roman artifacts have been discovered in the city, as it was near an important Roman road called the Römerweg. A document mentions a bridge in what is today Villach in 878, and the settlement across the bridge was given market town status in 1060, though Villach is first mentioned in records in 1240. Villach's first mayor took office in the 16th century.
On January 25, 1348, an earthquake destroyed a large part of Villach, followed by another earthquake in 1690. There were also several fires in Villach, which destroyed many buildings.
In 1759 Empress Maria Theresa of Austria formally purchased Villach, as well as much of Carinthia. During the Napoleonic Wars, Villach was part of the Illyrian provinces of the French Empire from 1809 until 1813.
The Südbahn railway finally reached Villach in 1864, providing growth and expansion.
During the period of the German Anschluss (1938–45) when Austria was annexed to Nazi Germany, the mayor of Villach was Oskar Kraus, an enthusiastic Nazi. A memorial for the 1919 border conflict caused controversy when it was inaugurated in 2002, as Kraus, who had not been especially prominent in the conflict, was the only person named.
Today, Villach is a bustling city with commerce and recreation, yet it retains its historic background.
Villach is divided into the following sections: Bogenfeld, Dobrova, Drautschen, Drobollach am Faaker See, Duel, Egg am Faaker See, Goritschach, Graschitz, Gratschach, Greuth, Gritschach, Großsattel, Großvassach, Heiligen Gestade, Heiligengeist, Kleinsattel, Kleinvassach, Kratschach, Kumitz, Landskron, Maria Gail, Mittewald ober dem Faaker See, Mittewald ob Villach, Neufellach, Neulandskron, Obere Fellach, Oberfederaun, Oberschütt, Oberwollanig, Pogöriach, Prossowitsch, Rennstein, Serai, St. Andrä, St. Georgen, St. Leonhard, St. Magdalen, St. Michael, St. Niklas an der Drau, St. Ruprecht, St. Ulrich, Tschinowitsch, Turdanitsch, Untere Fellach, Unterfederaun, Unterschütt, Unterwollanig, Urlaken, Villach-Auen, Villach-Innere Stadt, Villach-Lind, Villach-Seebach-Wasenboden, Villach-St. Agathen und Perau, Villach-St. Martin, Villach-Völkendorf, Villach-Warmbad-Judendorf, Weißenbach, Zauchen
In 1905 a part of the municipal area St. Martin was incorporated. In 1973 the city area was further enlarged through the incorporation of Landskron, Maria Gail and Fellach.
Municipal council 
The municipal council (Gemeinderat) consists of 45 members, with the mayor as president, and following the 2009 elections is composed of:
- Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ): 21 seats
- Alliance for the Future of Austria (BZÖ): 12 seats
- Austrian People's Party (ÖVP): 9 seats
- Austrian Green Party: 2 seats
- Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ): 1 seat
City government 
The city government of Villach (Stadtsenat) consists of seven members. It is chaired by the mayor, who is directly elected by the people. The other members—two vice-mayors and four town councillors—are appointed by the municipal council, with party affiliations according to the election results.
- Mayor Helmut Manzenreiter, SPÖ
- First vice-mayor Richard Pfeiler, SPÖ
- Second vice-mayor Wally Rettl, FPK
- Councillor Mag. Gerda Sandriesser, SPÖ
- Councillor Mag. Peter F. Weidinger, ÖVP
- Councillor Mag. Hilde Schaumberger, SPÖ
- Councillor Mag. Dr. Josef Zauchner, FPK
Twin towns — Sister cities 
Villach is twinned with:
There are several festivals throughout the year:
- The carnival in Villach (which starts on November 11 and ends on March 4)
- The arts and crafts festival (with self made goods)
- Villacher Fasching or Mardi Gras
- The streets-art festival (displays performances of artists and singers)
- The "Villacher Kirchtag" (a festival spanning a whole week in summer and ends on August's first Saturday.)
- Performances on a floating stage on the Drau River
Notable citizens 
- Alex Antonitsch, tennis player
- Peter Brabeck-Letmathe, former CEO of the Nestlé Group
- Kurt Diemberger, mountaineer and author
- Anton Ghon, pathologist
- Bruno Gironcoli, modern artist
- Eva Glawischnig-Piesczek, Green politician
- Michael Grabner, ice hockey player
- Heidemarie Hatheyer, actress
- Herbert Hohenberger, ice hockey player
- Florian Hufsky, new media artist and political activist
- Martin Koch, ski jumper
- Roland Kollmann, footballer
- Joahim Košutnik, mathematician
- Peter Löscher, current[update] President and CEO of Siemens AG
- Ernst Melchior, footballer
- Valentin Oman, artist
- Hubert Petschnigg, architect
- Paul Watzlawick, psychologist and philosopher
- Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahres- und Quartalsanfang, 2012-01-01.
- "Einwohnerzahl und Komponenten der Bevölkerungsentwicklung (Population and Components of Population Growth)" (pdf) (in German). Statistik Österreich (English Version). 2007-11-29. Retrieved 2007-12-27.
- Lisa Rettl, Werner Koroschitz, "Ein korrekter Nazi: Oskar Kraus, ns-oberbürgermeister von Villach", Drava (2006), ISBN 3-85435-501-7
- ORF Kärnten, "Oskar Kraus - ein korrekter Nazi" (German)
- "Luftkrieg (aerial warfare) "Ostmark"". www.airpower.at (in German). Martin Rosenkranz. 2003-08-13. Retrieved 2007-12-18.
- Wahlergebnisse 2009
- Unser Bürgermeister - Helmut Manzenreiter personal website (in German)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Villach|
- Municipal data for Villach. In: Statistik Austria.
- Villach - official web site (English version)
- Kowatsch - Villach Bus System official site
- - official web site of the Carinthia University of Applied Sciences - FH Kärnten