Villages of the People's Republic of China

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formally
Village-level divisions
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 村级行政区
Traditional Chinese 村級行政區
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese
Second alternative Chinese name
Chinese 嘎查
Mongolian name
Mongolian script ᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
A village in Yangxin County, Hubei

Villages (Chinese: ; pinyin: Cūn), formally village-level divisions (Chinese: 村级行政区; pinyin: Cūn Jí Xíngzhèngqū) in China, serve as a fundamental organizational unit for its rural population (census, mail system). Basic local divisions like neighborhoods and communities are not informal like in the West, but have defined boundaries and designated heads (one per area). In 2000, China's densely populated villages (>100 persons/square km) had a population greater than 500 million and covered more than 2 million square kilometers, or more than 20% of China's total area (Ellis 2004).

Types of villages[edit]

Urban[edit]

Note
Urban village (Chinese: 城中村; pinyin: chéngzhōngcūn) one that spontaneously and naturally exists within urban area, which is not a administrative division.

Rural[edit]

Note
Natural village (Chinese: 自然村; pinyin: zìráncūn) one that spontaneously and naturally exists within rural area, which is not a administrative division.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ellis, E.C. 2004. Long-term ecological changes in the densely populated rural landscapes of China. Pages 303-320 in R. S. DeFries, G. P. Asner, and R. A. Houghton, editors. Ecosystems and Land Use Change. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC. download the paper

External links[edit]

The building housing the local village committee and other government offices and organizations in Baisha Village, Xiqiuwan Township, Badong County, Hubei