Villahermosa

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Villahermosa
Mirador laguna ilusiones.JPG
Official seal of Villahermosa
Seal
Nickname(s): The Emerald of the Southeast, La Esmeralda del Sureste
Location of Villahermosa
Location of Villahermosa
Coordinates: 17°59′21″N 92°55′41″W / 17.98917°N 92.92806°W / 17.98917; -92.92806
Country Mexico
State Tabasco
Founded 24 June 1564
Government
 • Mayor Jesus Ali de la Torre (PRI)
Area
 • City 61.177 km2 (23.62 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,612 km2 (622.4 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (70 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • City 640,359
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Website www.villahermosa.gob.mx

Villahermosa (Spanish pronunciation: [bi.ʎa.eɾˈmo.sa], Beautiful Village) is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of Tabasco, and the municipal seat of the Centro municipality. Villahermosa reported a population of 658,524 in the 2005 census, whereas its Centro municipality had 558,524 inhabitants. The municipality covers an area of 1,612 km2 (622.4 sq mi). The city is located at 863 kilometers from Mexico City, and 998 kilometers from Cancún, making it the virtual equidistant stopover point between these two world-renowned centers of tourism.

The city[edit]

Regional operations center of Pemex.

Tabasco's political powers reside here. It is the main city of the state of Tabasco and is home to the state's largest population. The city is an important business center for the Mexican oil industry. In 2008, the city consisted of 33 colonias and fraccionamientos. Also known as La Esmeralda del Sureste (The Emerald of the Southeast), Villahermosa is a modern city rich in natural resources, in terms of both agriculture and farming. Commercially, the city is served by major merchants, such as Liverpool, Fábricas de Fráncia, Palacio de Hierro, Wal-Mart, City Club (wholesale club), Soriana, Comercial Mexicana, and Home Depot. All the major national banks are represented in the city as well.

History[edit]

Main square in the Historic Center

Founded officially on 24 June 1564 by the Spanish Diego de Quijada on the banks of the Grijalva River under the name of Villa Hermosa, in 1826 the village was raised to the rank of city under the name of San Juan Bautista de la Villa Hermosa (Saint John the Baptist). The Republic of Texas Navy captured the city on November 20, 1840, demanding $25,000 in silver.[1][2] The city was captured and occupied by U.S. forces after the battle of Tabasco during the Mexican-American War. During the French intervention in Mexico, French troops occupied the city in 1863. In 1916, the governor of Tabasco, Francisco J. Múgica, ordered the restoration of the city's name to Villahermosa.[3]

Today Villahermosa is a modern city in southeast Mexico and, possibly only after Mérida, Yucatán, it is the most important business and commercial point in the long stretch between Mexico City and Cancún.

Main sights[edit]

Olmec Head. La Venta Museum-Park
"Casa de los azulejos", built in 1890 in the Historic centre of Villahermosa, combines Gothic and Moorish styles.

La Venta Museum-Park, which includes a small zoo, has the most important collection of Olmec artifacts.

Other sights include:

  • Esperanza Iris Theatre.
  • Plaza de Armas (main square)
  • Zona Luz (city centre)
  • Catedral del Señor de Tabasco (Cathedral of the Lord of Tabasco).
  • CICOM complex (arts and research centre).
  • Tomás Garrido Canabal Park
  • Museum of the History of Tabasco.
  • Yumká (zoo where animals roam freely).
  • La Choca Park.
  • Tabasco Park - a 'must see' during the Feria festivities.
  • Papagayo Children's Museum.

Geography and natural resources[edit]

Museo de Antropología Carlos Pellicer

Villahermosa is located in the southeast of Mexico between the rivers Grijalva and Carrizal. The average elevation of the city is 10 meters above sea level. The city also has several lagoons, the largest and most important of them being La Laguna de las Ilusiones (Illusions Lagoon).

The most important city thoroughfares are Paseo Tabasco, Gregorio Méndez Avenue, the Periférico, Ruiz Cortines Avenue, and Pino Suárez Avenue.

Climate[edit]

Like most of Tabasco, Villahermosa has a tropical monsoon climate. Temperatures during spring and summer seasons reach upwards of 40°C (104 °F), with humidity levels hovering around 30% during the same period (for total humidity-adjusted temperatures in the high forties). During its short "winter", Villahermosa's climate is very humid but daytime temperatures decrease to around 28°C (82 °F).

The most stunning season of the year is spring, as the flamboyán, guayacán, macuilis, and other tropical vegetation bloom and dress the city with a beautiful sense of joy along its major thoroughfares.

In October 2007, Villahermosa suffered its worst flood in recorded history. Several hundred thousand people were displaced because of flooded homes.

Climate data for Villahermosa (1951-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.0
(100.4)
38.0
(100.4)
41.5
(106.7)
43.1
(109.6)
43.5
(110.3)
41.7
(107.1)
40.0
(104)
40.0
(104)
38.5
(101.3)
37.5
(99.5)
38.0
(100.4)
35.5
(95.9)
43.5
(110.3)
Average high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
29.2
(84.6)
31.9
(89.4)
33.9
(93)
35.1
(95.2)
34.4
(93.9)
33.9
(93)
34.0
(93.2)
33.0
(91.4)
31.2
(88.2)
29.8
(85.6)
28.3
(82.9)
31.9
(89.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
24.5
(76.1)
26.6
(79.9)
28.5
(83.3)
29.6
(85.3)
29.3
(84.7)
28.9
(84)
28.9
(84)
28.4
(83.1)
27.1
(80.8)
25.7
(78.3)
24.1
(75.4)
27.1
(80.8)
Average low °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
19.7
(67.5)
21.3
(70.3)
23.1
(73.6)
24.2
(75.6)
24.2
(75.6)
23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
23.7
(74.7)
23.0
(73.4)
21.5
(70.7)
19.9
(67.8)
22.3
(72.1)
Record low °C (°F) 10.5
(50.9)
12.4
(54.3)
13.0
(55.4)
15.0
(59)
18.5
(65.3)
19.0
(66.2)
20.0
(68)
20.0
(68)
19.5
(67.1)
17.0
(62.6)
14.0
(57.2)
10.9
(51.6)
10.5
(50.9)
Rainfall mm (inches) 125.6
(4.945)
79.0
(3.11)
50.1
(1.972)
44.6
(1.756)
95.9
(3.776)
208.5
(8.209)
178.9
(7.043)
216.8
(8.535)
323.9
(12.752)
303.3
(11.941)
187.3
(7.374)
147.0
(5.787)
1,960.9
(77.2)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 11.1 8.5 5.8 4.2 5.9 13.9 14.5 15.7 18.2 16.3 11.3 11.1 136.5
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[4]

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by several national air carriers as well as by a direct international flight to Houston via Continental Airlines. Its airport, the Carlos Rovirosa Pérez International Airport, is operated by Aeropuertos del Sureste de Mexico (ASUR) and has recently seen a significant expansion. This airport was the destination for the 1929 Mexicana inaugural flight. The city is the closest destination to the ancient Mayan ruins at Palenque. Airlines providing flights to/from the airport are: Aeromexico, Interjet, United, VivaAerobus, and previously by the defunct Mexicana de Aviación.

Education[edit]

Narciso Saenz street, in the Historic centre of Villahermosa.
Cathedral of Villahermosa.

The city has an extensive network of elementary, secondary, and college-preparatory educational centers.

It is also home to the most important universities of the state of Tabasco, among them:

Religion[edit]

Like the rest of the Mexican Republic, Tabasco's population is mostly Catholic, with many Protestant denominations also represented.

Health[edit]

The city is served by a large number of both private and public healthcare institutions, hospitals, and clinics. Both ambulatory (same-day) centers as well as extended stay centers serve the city. General as well as specialized hospitals provide care in the city. Amongst its specialized health care institutions are a Women's Hospital, a Children's Hospital, and an Oncology Hospital. There are also various government healthcare institutions located here, including the ISSTE and the IMSS Medical Centers. The Seventh-day Adventist Church has a hospital here as well, Hospital del Sureste. There is also the well-respected Hospital Los Angeles.

Twin towns[edit]

Villahermosa has two sister cities. They are:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Texas Navy Association
  2. ^ The Handbook of Texas Online [Texas State Historical Association]
  3. ^ Enciclopedia de Municipios de México, [Tabasco - Centro]
  4. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951-2010-VILLAHERMOSA, CENTRO". Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved November 13, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]