Villanueva de Sigena

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Villanueva de Sigena
Municipality
Villanueva de Sigena
Coat of arms of Villanueva de Sigena
Coat of arms
Villanueva de Sigena is located in Spain
Villanueva de Sigena
Villanueva de Sigena
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 41°44′55″N 0°0′32″W / 41.74861°N 0.00889°W / 41.74861; -0.00889
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Aragon
Province Huesca
Comarca Monegros
Judicial district Huesca
Government
 • Mayor Ildefonso Salillas Lacasa
Area
 • Total 146.37 km2 (56.51 sq mi)
Elevation 230 m (750 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 512
 • Density 3.5/km2 (9.1/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 22231

Villanueva de Sigena or Villanueva de Sijena is a small village in the rather arid and deserted area of Los Monegros, in the province of Huesca, autonomous community of Aragon (Spain), near the Alcanadre river. The local economy is mostly based on agriculture, particularly corn, sunflower, rice, and cereals, with goats and sheep.

The Monastery of Santa María de Sigena is located close to this town. Mount Sigena is a hill of the Sierra de Alcubierre located 5 km to the south.

Villanueva de Sigena is the birthplace of the physician and heterodox theologian, Michael Servetus (1511?-1553). Servetus was the discoverer of pulmonary circulation. A museum and interpretation center[1] is maintained by the Michael Servetus Institute at the old house were Servetus was born, after a major restoration in 2002.[2]

Nearby there is the original settlement, based round the partially ruined, and once wealthy and aristocratic Romanesque convent of Santa María la Real de Sijena, founded in 1183 by Sancha of Castile, Queen of Aragon. This was largely destroyed by fire in 1936 by anti-clerical Republicans in the Spanish Civil War. It is now in the process of restoration, and has been reoccupied by nuns since 1985. Several royal burials were made in the convent church, including Sancha, who died there, her son Pedro II of Aragon and two of his sisters.

The chapter house housed extremely important Romanesque frescos of about 1200 by largely English artists, probably including some of those who produced the Winchester Bible; this was only realized after their destruction. The artists also appear to have visited Palermo before Sigena, as some influence from mosaics there can be seen. The frescos had been fully photographed in black and white shortly before their destruction, and the remaining damaged sections, mostly having lost their colour, are in the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya in Barcelona.[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ museum and interpretation center
  2. ^ Michael Servetus Institute
  3. ^ Otto Pacht A Cycle of English Frescoes in Spain The Burlington Magazine, 1961, Vol. 103, No. 698 (May, 1961), pp. 166-162

External links[edit]