Villeta

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This article is about the city in Paraguay. For the municipality in Colombia, see Villeta, Cundinamarca.
Villeta
Villeta is located in Paraguay
Villeta
Villeta
Coordinates: 25°30′36″S 57°33′36″W / 25.51000°S 57.56000°W / -25.51000; -57.56000Coordinates: 25°30′36″S 57°33′36″W / 25.51000°S 57.56000°W / -25.51000; -57.56000
Country Paraguay
Department Central
Founded March 5th 1714
Government
 • Intendente Municipal Carlos Hugo Rojas Fernández (ANR)
Area
 • Total 888 km2 (343 sq mi)
Elevation 55 m (180 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 36,228
 • Density 25/km2 (60/sq mi)
Time zone -4 Gmt
Postal code 2680
Area code(s) (595) (225)

Villeta is a city of Paraguay, in the Central Department, on the banks of Paraguay River. It is an important industrial center and port.

Entrance of Villeta

Toponymy[edit]

The city was founded on March 5, 1714, by Juan Gregorio Bazán de Pedraza, with the name of San Felipe de Borbón del Valle del Bastán in the fields of Guarnipitán, as a homage to the King Felipe II. It was renamed Villeta, because of its resemblance to a great Villa.

INC

Villeta's Port[edit]

The port is administereded by the Navigation and Ports National Administration (ANNP), and is specially equipped for the handling of heavy machinery. Many different kinds of merchandise are traded in this port.

Characteristics:

  • Villeta port terminal: 35 kilometers south from Asunción
  • Area: 13,5 hectares
  • Pier: 435 meters
  • Platform: 25 meters
  • Depth: minimum 10 feet, 365 days a year
  • Facilities: 6 hectares of beaches, paved roads
  • Covered warehouse: 0,3 hectares (100 X 30 meters)
  • Free zone: Bolivian governed, for merchandise in transit

Climate[edit]

The temperature in summer reaches 40°C, in some occasions, even higher. The minimum in winter is 0°C. The average in the entire Central Department is 22°C. The city is located in one of the departments with most rainfall during the months from January to April; and the least during the months from June to August.

Church of Villeta

Demography[edit]

The total population is 36.228 inhabitants, 18.362 are men and 17.866 are women, according to the data of the General Direction of Statistics, Polls and Census office.

History[edit]

It was founded in 1714 by the Governor Juan Gregorio Bazán de Pedraza with the name of San Felipe Bordón in the valley of Bastán, in the fields of Guarnipitán. During the government of Dr. Francia, the city became an important channel of communication with other countries, making possible the economical development of the district.

Ancient building of Villeta 1921 known locally as the haunted house

Economy[edit]

Until 1930, the city was famous because of the use of the port, mostly, for the exportation of oranges. These days the port has multiple purposes.

Nineteen large factories located in the area operate to produce cement, iron rods, cotton, electric cables, and agricultural chemicals, among others. The cement and chemical plants are renowned for the contamination they cause to the environment. It has a port in the banks of the Paraguay River and from this port most of the national products for exportation are shipped.

The main processing plant of the National Cement Industry is located in Villeta.

Tourism[edit]

There are several antique constructions in the city, the Church of the Virgen del Rosario, that was built in times of the Paraguayan War and also served as a Hospital, is one of these constructions. In the architecture of the church can be appreciated the distinctive characteristics of 19th-century art, especially in the murals painted by Adán Kunos.

Fishing can be enjoyed in Guyrati, Angostura e Itaipiru.

Canoe in the Paraguay river

Personalities[edit]

Villeta is the hometown of some great Paraguayan writers, such as:

  • Rubén Bareiro Saguier
  • Susy Delgado
  • Ricardo Medina
  • Ignacio Sanchez
  • Joseph Mengele (His house can be seen at "Mengele kue" just a few kilometres from the town on the main road.)
Municipality of Villeta

How to get to Villeta[edit]

Villeta is 34 kilometers from Asunción; the way of access is by taking the Southern Access Route, and later taking another route, properly signalled, that leads straight to the city.

References[edit]

  • Geografía del Paraguay - Editorial Hispana Paraguay S.R.L.- 1a. Edición 1999 - Asunción Paraguay
  • Geografía Ilustrada del Paraguay - ISBN 99925-68-04-6 - Distribuidora Arami S.R.L.
  • La Magia de nuestra tierra. Fundación en Alianza. Asunción. 2007.

External links[edit]