Villmergen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Villmergen
Villmergen village center
Villmergen village center
Coat of arms of Villmergen
Coat of arms
Villmergen is located in Switzerland
Villmergen
Villmergen
Coordinates: 47°21′N 8°15′E / 47.350°N 8.250°E / 47.350; 8.250Coordinates: 47°21′N 8°15′E / 47.350°N 8.250°E / 47.350; 8.250
Country Switzerland
Canton Aargau
District Bremgarten
Area[1]
 • Total 11.94 km2 (4.61 sq mi)
Elevation 437 m (1,434 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 6,752
 • Density 570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Postal code 5612
SFOS number 4080
Surrounded by Büttikon, Dintikon, Dottikon, Egliswil, Hendschiken, Hilfikon, Seengen, Wohlen
Website www.villmergen.ch
SFSO statistics

Villmergen is a municipality in the district of Bremgarten in the canton of Aargau in Switzerland.

Two famous battles took place at Villmergen.

In 2010 Hilfikon merged into Villmergen.[3]

History[edit]

First Battle of Villmergen

The area was first settled between 500 and 58 BC, though no records and little evidence survives of this settlement. During the Roman era there were at least two villas, one at Heidenhübel and the other on the Schwarzhalde. The first mention of the modern village was in 1185 when it was mentioned as Vilmaringen.[4] In 1273 the Kyburger counts sold Villmergen to the House of Habsburg. A Kyburg castle was mentioned in the village in 1315. However no clear evidence of this castle has been discovered. Most likely it was on the Heidenhübel which is south-west of the village, since in 1927 a square foundation was discovered there.

In 1337 the patronage right to the village church was held by the knightly family of Hallwyl. About a century later, in 1425, the rights to the church transferred to the Benedictine Muri Abbey. Between 1525-1531 the Protestant Reformation entered the village, though much of the population remained with the Catholic Church. On 24 January 1656 and again on 24 July 1712, the two Battles of Villmergen were fought near the village. These two battles were between the Reformed and Catholic Swiss cantons. The Protestant side victory in the Second Battle of Villmergen, brought an end to Catholic hegemony in the Swiss Confederation, and prevented further conflict until the renewed outbreak of civil war in 1847, the Sonderbund war, that led to the formation of Switzerland as a federal state.

Under the short lived Helvetic Republic Villmergen was part of the District of Sarmenstorf in 1798. Five years later, under the Act of Mediation, it became part of the Bremgarten District. In 1841, the local monastery was secularized. On 12 January 1841, during the Sonderbund war, there was a battle between cantonal forces and local militia troops in the municipality. The battle ended with seven dead and one wounded.

On 1 January 2010, the formerly independent municipality of Hilfikon merged into Villmergen, becoming the village of Hilfikon in the Municipality of Villmergen.

Geography[edit]

Villmergen Panorama

Villmergen has an area, as of 2006, of 10.2 square kilometers (3.9 sq mi). Of this area, 41.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 35.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 22.3% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.2%) is non-productive (rivers or lakes).[5]

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent a Rose Gules barbed and seeded proper.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Villmergen has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 6,752.[2] As of 2008, 24.4% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[7] Over the last 10 years (1997–2007) the population has changed at a rate of 6.1%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (86.1%), with Italian being second most common ( 5.7%) and Albanian being third ( 1.4%).[5]

The age distribution, as of 2008, in Villmergen is; 573 children or 10.4% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 644 teenagers or 11.7% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 770 people or 14.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 803 people or 14.6% are between 30 and 39, 961 people or 17.4% are between 40 and 49, and 756 people or 13.7% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 495 people or 9.0% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 294 people or 5.3% are between 70 and 79, there are 189 people or 3.4% who are between 80 and 89,and there are 23 people or 0.4% who are 90 and older.[8]

 As of 2000, there were 161 homes with 1 or 2 persons in the household, 1,050 homes with 3 or 4 persons in the household, and 753 homes with 5 or more persons in the household.  The average number of people per household was 2.47 individuals.[9]  In 2008 there were 986 single family homes (or 40.9% of the total) out of a total of 2,411 homes and apartments.[10]  There were a total of 81 empty apartments for a 3.4% vacancy rate.[10]  As of 2007, the construction rate of new housing units was 3.2 new units per 1000 residents.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 40.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (20.6%), the CVP (15.3%) and the SP (12%).[5]

In Villmergen about 67.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[5] Of the school age population (in the 2008/2009 school year), there are 359 students attending primary school, there are 182 students attending secondary school in the municipality.[9]

The historical population is given in the following table:[4][8]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1798 888 —    
1803 998 +12.4%
1854 1,594 +59.7%
1900 1,785 +12.0%
1930 2,707 +51.7%
1950 2,812 +3.9%
1960 3,232 +14.9%
1970 4,222 +30.6%
1975 4,401 +4.2%
1980 4,079 −7.3%
1990 4,641 +13.8%
2000 5,078 +9.4%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Schloss Hilfikon and chapel, in Hilfikon village, are listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance. In Villmergen proper, there are three more heritage sites of national significance. These sites are; the farm house at Halde, the main building of the former Bally factory at Bahnhofstrasse 66, and the Catholic parish church on Kirchgasse.[11]

Economy[edit]

As of 2007, Villmergen had an unemployment rate of 2.14%. As of 2005, there were 100 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 29 businesses involved in this sector. 1,237 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 73 businesses in this sector. 1,477 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 167 businesses in this sector.[5]

As of 2000 there was a total of 2,735 workers who lived in the municipality. Of these, 1,985 or about 72.6% of the residents worked outside Villmergen while 1,336 people commuted into the municipality for work. There were a total of 2,086 jobs (of at least 6 hours per week) in the municipality.[12] Of the working population, 9.5% used public transportation to get to work, and 55.5% used a private car.[5]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 3,239 or 63.8% were Roman Catholic, while 957 or 18.8% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 3 individuals (or about 0.06% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic faith.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 14 January 2010
  4. ^ a b Villmergen municipal website-History (German) accessed 4 March 2010
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 3 March 2010
  6. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 3 March 2010
  7. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bereich 01 -Bevölkerung (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  8. ^ a b Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bevölkerungsdaten für den Kanton Aargau und die Gemeinden (Archiv) (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  9. ^ a b c Statistical Department of Canton Aargau - Aargauer Zahlen 2009 (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  10. ^ a b Statistical Department of Canton Aargau (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  11. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 24-Feb-2010
  12. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau-Bereich 11 Verkehr und Nachrichtenwesen (German) accessed 21 January 2010