|• Municipal chairman||G.Baskaran|
|Elevation||171 m (561 ft)|
|• Density||406/km2 (1,050/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||04146(STD Code)|
|Vehicle registration||TN 32,TN 15, TN 16|
|Sex ratio||985 ♂/♀|
Viluppuram is a Municipality in the Viluppuram district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It serves as the headquarters of the district, the second largest in the state. National Highway No. 45, from Chennai to Dindigul via Tiruchirapalli, goes through the town. Viluppuram also has a major train station. The town's main source of income is agriculture. Its literacy rate was low until the early 1980s, but has since improved constantly and is currently about 75%.
Viluppuram lies in the north east of Tamil Nadu, between Chennai and Tiruchirapalli. It is 162 kilometres (101 mi) south of Chennai and 157 kilometres (98 mi) north of Tiruchirapalli. The area contains metamorphic rocks belonging to the Genesis family. There are also three major groups of sedimentary rocks belonging to different geological periods. The Kalvarayan Hills in the north, nearly 40 kilometres from Kallakurichi, represent a continuous range of hills covered with some thorny forests and vegetation. The Gingee Hills offer some of the most beautiful scenery in the district. The "Lord Siva" in the name of "Abath hayeswarar Temple" is located in the entrance of "Sendamangalam village". This temple is part of the Sendamangalam Koperunchingan kadavarayan king fort.
Politically, Viluppuram is part of the Villuppuram Lok Sabha constituency and the Viluppuram State Assembly constituency. The Municipality was constituted in the year 1919 and was subsequently upgraded as IInd Grade Municipality from 01.10.1953. Ist Grade Municipality from 01.04.1973 and Selection Grade Municipality from 02.03.1988. It has a population of 95459 (2001 census) and an extent of 8.36 km2., The town is divided was 42 wards. The Municipal Council, with 42 ward Councillors, is headed by Chairperson, who is elected by voters of the town. The Councillors elect a Vice-Chairperson among them. The executive wing is headed by a commissioner and he is assisted by a team of officials like Health Officer, Municipal Engineer, Town Planning Officer, Manager, Revenue officer and other officers.
Places of interest
Gingee Fort well known for its history and stone architecture, Lakshmi Narasimar Temple, Parikkal 27 km, Arulmigu Vetukaliamman, Tiruvakkarai 25 km, Angalamman Temple, Mel Malayanur 50 km, Ramar Temple(1500 years), Kappiyampuliyur, Murugan Temple, Mailam, Lakshmi Narasimar Temple, Abishekapakkam,panayapuram panagaateswan temple(10kms), Lakshmi Narasimar Temple, Poovarasankuppam, Saneeswaran & Anjaneyar Temple, Kalpattu, Ulagalantha Perumal(Sri Trivikraman temple) - Tirukoilur (37 km), chinnamailam ( New ottananthal)arulmigu subramaniya temple-(Tirukoilur) 16 Km Sivan Temple ,Porur (Thirkkai Atthiyur), Nagamman Temple, Thumbur, Sivan Temple, Thiruvennai Nallur, Sivan Temple, Vllupuram and Sivan Temple, Thiruvamathur are the most common temples in the town. Umiya Jamia Pallivasal, Thowheeth mosque, Ahle hadees Pallivasal, Haj Mansoorsha Jumma Mosque and St. James Church are other worship places.
Viluppuram is well connected by road to major cities and to the rest of the state. Villupuram district is first in state by road network, It has longest National structure than any other district in Tamil Nadu.
NH 45: Which connects Chennai to Theni, Via;Viluppuram–Tiruchirapalli–Dindigul-periyakulam (four-lane), NH 45A: Which connects Viluppuram to Nagapattinam via; pondicherry,cuddalore (two-lane), NH 234: Which Connects Villupuram to MangaloreVia;Thiruvannaamalai-Vellore–Gudiyatham(two-lane) and NH 45C: which connects (villupuram)Vikravandi to Thanjavur via Panruti–Neyveli–Kumbakonam; intersects with NH 45A in Koliyanur, about 5 km from Viluppuram are the major national highways of the town. Other than the above mentioned national highways, several state highways also run through the district and town.
Viluppuram is also the headquarters of the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (TNSTC) - Villuppuram division ( the erstwhile Thanthai Periyar Transport Corporation (TPTC)). It is one among the 4 Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation divisions serving the state.
Viluppuram has a well-known Railway Station. The Viluppuram Railway Junction at Viluppuram serves as the distribution point of rail traffic from Chennai, the state capital of Tamil Nadu, towards the southern part of the state. It is one of the important junctions in Tamil Nadu. Five railway lines branch out of Viluppuram. Electrified BG (Broad Gauge) line towards Chennai Beach and Electrified MG (Metre Gauge) line towards (Via - Tindivanam) Tambaram (closed for traffic now for Unigauge gauge conversion). Electrified BG (Broad Gauge) line towards Tiruchirapalli Junction via Vriddachalam Junction and Ariyalur. Electrification work was completed in 2009. Also called "Chord line" to Tiruchirapalli. Non electrified BG (Broad gauge) line towards Tiruchirapalli Junction via Cuddalore Port Junction, Mayiladuthurai Junction, Kumbakonam and Thanjavur. Under electrification BG (Broad gauge) line towards Katpadi Junction via Tiruvannamalai and Vellore Cantonment. Electrified BG (Broad Gauge) line to Pondicherry. Gauge conversion was underway in 2010, making rail traffic even heavier. Viluppuram railway station is undergoing a massive infrastructure upgrade to handle this traffic.
Since the town is landlocked, climate in Viluppuram is mostly humid and hot. It relies on the monsoon for rain during the months of October November and December. Summers are very hot and temperatures can get up to 40 °C. Winters are moderate with temperatures ranging between 30 °C and 35 °C.
As of the census of India 2001, Viluppuram had a population of 95,455 comprising 48,094 males and 47,361 females, making the sex ratio (number of females per thousand males) of the town to 985. A total of 10,519 people were under six years of age and the child sex ratio (number of females per thousand males under six years of age) stood at 943. The town had an average literacy of 86.89%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. A total of 9,942 comprising 11.71% of the population belonged to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 306 comprising 0.36% of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST). There were are total of 20,707 households in the town. As of 2001, Viluppuram had a total of 28,410 main workers: 285 cultivators, 469 agricultural labourers, 933 in house hold industries and 26,723 other workers. There was a total of 1,805 marginal workers: 44 marginal cultivators, 90 marginal agricultural labourers, 99 marginal workers in household industries and 1,572 other marginal workers.
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