Villy Søvndal

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Villy Søvndal
Villy Søvndal.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Denmark
In office
3 October 2011 – 12 December 2013
Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt
Preceded by Lene Espersen
Succeeded by Holger K. Nielsen
Leader of the Socialist People's Party
In office
28 April 2005 – 13 October 2012
Preceded by Holger K. Nielsen
Succeeded by Annette Vilhelmsen
Member of Parliament
In office
1 August 1994 – 12 December 2013
Personal details
Born (1952-04-04) 4 April 1952 (age 62)
Linde, Denmark
Political party Socialist People's Party
Spouse(s) Heidi Perto

Villy Søvndal (born 4 April 1952) is a Danish politician who served as Denmark's Minister for Foreign Affairs from 2011 to 2013.[1] He has represented the Socialist People's Party (Socialistisk Folkeparti) in Parliament (Folketinget) from 1994 to 2013. He was selected as party leader in a 2005 vote, succeeding Holger K. Nielsen. After he assumed this post, support for SF rose steadily in the polls, and in the 2007 parliamentary election the party received more than 13% of the votes, giving it 23 seats. After the election, support for SF continued to increase – up to 17-18% – but in the 2011 parliamentary election the party received only 9% of the vote and dropped down to 16 seats.[2][3]

Søvndal published an autobiography, Villys verden (Villy's World), in 2008.

Early life and education[edit]

Villy Søvndal was born on 4 April 1952 in the town of Linde in the municipality of Struer. His father was Peter Søvndal, a smallholder, and his mother was Agnes. He attended Linde Skole from 1959 to 1966 and spent the next three years as a student at Nørreland School in Holstebro, passing the Llower secondary school examination in 1969. He graduated from Nørre Nissum Teacher Training College in 1971, passing the higher preparatory examination, and from 1971 to 1973 attended the now-defunct Vestbirk College of Music.

From 1976 to 1980 Søvndal studied to be a teacher at the now-defunct Kolding Teacher Training College. He received a teacher’s certificate in 1980, and from 1980 to 1992 worked as a teacher with the Kolding school authority.[2]

His own page at the SF party website describes him as having traveled a great deal as a young man, and says that his experiences in South America and Eastern Europe “were – in different ways – instructive in relation to problems of practical socialism.”[4]

Politician[edit]

Kolding town council[edit]

His first political position was a seat on the Kolding town council, to which he was elected in 1982[5] and which he retained until 1994, with the exception of two periods (13–28 March 1986; 10 October 1991 – 13 January 1992), during which he was a temporary member of Parliament for Vejle County.[2][5]

Folketinget[edit]

In August 1994 Søvndal became a full-time member of Folketinget.[5] He soon became the party's spokesman on social policy and defense issues, for many years was chairman of the Parliamentary Committee on Social Affairs.[4]

Party chairman[edit]

In April 2005, Søvndal was elected to replace Holger K. Nielsen as chairman of the SF.[5] Some members doubted his ability to run the party, but these doubts were put to rest after the 2007 parliamentary election, in which SF quadrupled its number of seats.

In February and March 2008, Søvndal attracted attention with remarks he made about the Islamist organization Hizb ut-Tahrir. For several weeks, SF did better in the polls than the Social Democrats, and other polls indicated that he enjoyed greater support than Helle Thorning-Schmidt, the leader of the opposition.[6]

Søvndal received considerable praise for improving the party's popularity. In a September 2009 poll, 34% of respondents considered him the country's best party leader.[6] The former press officer for the Conservatives in Parliament, Niels Krause-Kjær, has said about Søvndal:

With the dominance of the TV media, the mastery of the quick, well-timed one-liner is of enormous importance. There weren't many, to be sure, who had confidence that Villy Søvndal had this ability when he took control of SF, but they turned out to be totally wrong. He was pigeonholed as the slightly boring professional politician, but when the limitations fell away he started having fun. He enjoys the role as political leader and enjoys himself in a way nobody had expected.

Niels Krause-Kjær commented on Villy Søvndal's role in SF's success by saying that Søvndal has said himself that he thinks his strength lies in his ability to “communicate messages clearly and crisply,” in his optimism, as well as in his ability to use humor in political debate.[7]

During the run-up to the 2011 parliamentary elections, however, support for SF sank considerably, and the election results, which dropped SF's number of seats to 16, was very disappointing, even though the party became a part of a coalition government for the first time.

On 7 September 2012, amid criticism that he had neglected his role as party leader since assuming the position of Minister of Foreign Affairs (see below),[8] Søvndal announced that he would resign as party leader,[9] so that his successor would have time to get comfortable in the job.[10] At this point, polls showed that SF would receive only 11 seats in a parliamentary election.

On 13 October 2012, Annette Vilhelmsen defeated Astrid Krag in an election for party leader.

“Personality cult”[edit]

After his election as party leader, some members criticized the party for focusing too intensely on Søvndal.[11] The presence of several large posters of Søvndal at SF's national convention in 2007 drew criticism.[11] Søvndal himself later replied the criticism by saying that “modern politics is also about people and trust in people,” while emphasizing that he was not a power-grabber.[7]

Minister of Foreign Affairs[edit]

Søvndal has served as Minister of Foreign Affairs since 3 October 2011.[2] In this capacity he met in May 2012 with U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, where they announced Denmark’s intention to contribute to the Afghan National Security Force, as well as to help complete the transition of power by the end of 2014; agreed on strengthening the U.S.-Danish partnership to prevent and counter terrorism in East Africa; and discussed the potential for stronger cooperation on promoting green growth.[12]

Søvndal called in September 2012 for a reorganization of Danish assignments abroad, saying he wanted more focus on exports to China, India, Brazil, and other growth markets and less on the EU. He also looked to an increased emphasis on the Arctic, human rights, and green growth. “In a rapidly changing world we must constantly ask ourselves whether we are focusing on the right places and in the right way,” Søvndal said.[13]

Speaking in February 2012 to the European Parliament, he praised the Arab League for its “strong leadership role...in the Syrian crisis.”[2] At a commemoration of the Day of Remembrance for victims of terrorist attacks in March 2012, Søvndal stressed that what is important is “countering terrorism” while “respecting human rights.”[14] In November 2012, he pledged Danish support to the Syrian rebels.[15] He announced in February 2013 that Denmark would continue to work for the release of Danish-Bahraini human rights activist Abdulhadi Al-Khawaja, who was in prison in Bahrain, and called on that country to end its mistreatment of young demonstrators.[2] In the same month he condemned North Korea's atomic-bomb test.[16]

Remarks about Hizb-ut-Tahrir[edit]

In 2008, Søvndal spoke out on his blog against the radical Islamic group Hizb-ut-Tahrir, calling its members “fools” with “lunatic views” and telling them that if they really want to live in the caliphate or under sharia, they had “come to the wrong country. They have nothing to do in Denmark, and they will not achieve their goals.” He suggested that they move to Iran or Saudi Arabia, and added: “Your benighted state of idiocy has no place on earth.” As for those who are attracted to HuT because they have experienced difficulties in life, he wrote: “Get out of the role of victim. Get out of the Middle Ages. Have the courage to use your common sense.” Ordinary Danes, he said, “are sick and tired of Hizb-ut-Tahrir and its grotesque and insane demonstrations. That’s how most of us feel. And I am one of them!”[17]

Muhammed cartoon crisis[edit]

After Iran demanded in February 2008 that Danish authorities apologize for the republication of the Muhammed cartoons, nine members of the Danish parliament canceled a scheduled trip to that country. Søvndal supported their decision, saying, “We are not the ones to apologise....If anyone needs to apologise for freedom of speech, human rights, imprisonments, executions and lack of democracy, it is the Iranians.”[18]

Israel-Palestine policies[edit]

Søvndal has been widely accused of being anti-Israeli and is a supporter of the two-state solution.[19] During the 2011 election campaign he at first called for full U.N. membership for Palestine, but later changed his position to be in accord with official Danish policy.[20] After becoming Foreign Minister, he was intensely criticized in December 2011 for having refused for several months to meet Israel’s ambassador to Denmark, even though he has already met with representatives of pro-Palestinian groups B’Tselem and Al-Haq, which Israel has accused of having terrorist ties.[21]

He told Politiken in March 2012 that the Palestine territories would be receiving 120 million kroner in Danish aid over the next three years. He called on the Palestinians to stop shooting rockets into Israel, and said he expected that the Palestinian Authority would use the Danish funds to build their state and improve security.[22]

In May 2012, he called for separate labeling of products from the Palestinian territories, an initiative that is part of the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) movement against Israel.[23] Morten Messerschmidt, a member of Parliament for the Dansk Folkeparti, tweeted: “Søvndal wants to mark Israeli products. [Environment minister Ida] Auken is meeting with Hamas in the European Parliament. Does SF have a problem with Jews?”[24] The anti-Israel website Electronic Intifada praised Denmark's move as “historic.”[25] When the Technical University of Denmark withdrew from a collaborative project with Ariel University, which is located in the West Bank, Søvndal applauded the move, saying, “We do not want to Danish scientific institutions participating in activities that may help to maintain the illegal settlements. If there has been any doubt about our position on this matter, the case of DTU is a good opportunity to reiterate. And I am satisfied with DTU’s decision.”[26]

At a meeting of Nordic foreign ministers in October 2012, he expressed the view that Israeli settlements were the “greatest obstacle to a two-state solution.” At the same meeting it was announced that the Nordic countries had agreed to upgrade Palestinian representation in their capitals.[27] In late 2012 Søvndal summoned the Israeli ambassador to Denmark to discuss Israel’s decision to build 3,000 more settlements in the West Bank.[28] In November 2012, during Operation Pillar of Defense, he urged an end to hostilities between Israel and the Palestinians.[20] Also in November 2012, he was pressured by other members of his party to vote to give Palestine “non-member observer state” status at the U.N.[28]

After Palestine’s U.N. status was upgraded, Israel responded by expanding the building of settlements, an act that Søvndal denounced as “illegal.”[29] Denmark was one of several countries that withdrew their ambassadors from Israel in reaction to this move.[30]

Views[edit]

Søvndal supported the Iraq War at the start, but later changed his mind and became perhaps the war's most vocal opponent in Denmark.[3][4]

He has said that his role model is Nelson Mandela, “who despite torture, persecution and years of imprisonment retained his humanity and dignity” and was able to “provide leadership for the necessary reconciliation after the brutal apartheid regime.” In Denmark, his role model is Gert Petersen, who was chairman of the SF when he first joined the party. “Gert was a sharp and rigorous debater who stood steadfast in his ideals of democracy, equality and solidarity” and who “had a great appeal to both the young idealist, the unskilled working class and the progressive scholar.”[3]

Other professional activities[edit]

  • Member of 'Sammenslutningen af Sociale Udvalg i Danmark' (Federation of Danish Social Services Committees) (SASU), 1986-1994
  • Chairman of 'Pædagogers og Klubfolks Pensionskasse' (Social Educators' and Club Workers' Pension Fund) (PBU), 1991-1994[2]

English skills[edit]

The Copenhagen Post reported in January 2012 that “politicians, commentators and the hoi polloi” were in a “tizzy” over Søvndal’s poor English, which had been “satirised on YouTube and ridiculed on newspaper chatboards,” with opposition politicians offering “patronising suggestions that he should sharpen up his English act – pronto.”[31]

Personal life[edit]

He was first married to Laila Rifbjerg, with whom he had three children and later divorced from. For several years thereafter he lived with his fellow party member Pernille Frahm, but in 2007 he returned to Rifbjerg, and in 2008 they were remarried, only to be divorced again in 2010.[32] On 23 November 2011, it was reported that Søvndal had secretly married Heidi Perto, who is 18 years his junior. He and Perto live with her daughter in Sønder Bjert.[33]

His daughter Anna Sofie Rifbjerg Søvndal became the local chairman of the Socialist People's Youth (SFU) in Kolding in 2007.[34]

His favorite album is Pink Floyd's The Wall. He also enjoys Sting and the Danish artists Allan Olsen and Johnny Madsen.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Nielsen becomes new FM as Villy resigns.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "CV for the Minister for Foreign Affairs". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Villy Søvndal". Information dk. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "Villy Søvndal". Partidemokrati. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d MORTENSEN, SØREN. "25 hemmeligheder om Villy Søvndal". BT. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Indland Politik". jyllands-posten. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Zøllner, Kristoffer. "Villys verden". Berlingske. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Søvndal to resign as SF leader". The Copenhagen Post. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  9. ^ Holstein, Erik. "Søvndal går som formand". Altinget. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  10. ^ Holstein, Erik. "Søvndal: Det rigtige tidspunkt at gå". Altinget. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  11. ^ a b Henriksen, Morten. "Væg-til-væg-Villy". Berlingske. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Remarks With Danish Foreign Minister Villy Sovndal". US Department of State. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  13. ^ Weaver, Ray. "Foreign Ministry changing course". The Copenhagen Post. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Danish Minister for Foreign Affairs Villy Søvndal opens international conference on human rights and countering terrorism". Danish Presidency of the Council of the European Union. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  15. ^ Cremer, Justin (14 November 2012). "Foreign minister pledges support to Syrian opposition". The Copenhagen Post. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  16. ^ Wenande, Christain. "Søvndal: China must pressure North Korea". The Copenhagen Post. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  17. ^ "A Socialist’s Warning to Hizb ut-Tahrir". Gates of Vienna. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  18. ^ Buch-Andersen, Thomas Buch-Andersen. "Danish MPs refuse cartoon apology". BBC. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  19. ^ Stanner, Peter. "Denmark to vote in favour of upgrading Palestine at UN". The Copenhagen Post. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  20. ^ a b "Sovndal Appeals to Both Israelis and Palestinians to Cease Fighting". The Copenhagen Post. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  21. ^ Eichner, Itamar. "Denmark's foreign minister shuns Israel". Y Net News. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  22. ^ "Søvndal guarantees aid but not statehood for Palestine". The Copenhagen Post. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  23. ^ Ahren, Raphael (23 May 2012). "Denmark moves to label West Bank goods as non-Israeli". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  24. ^ Stanners, Peter (18 May 2012). "Products from Israeli settlements should be labelled, Søvndal says". The Copenhagen Post. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  25. ^ Barrows, Nora (22 May 2012). "BDS roundup: South Africa and Denmark to correctly label Israeli settlement products". The Electronic Intifida. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  26. ^ Barrows, Nora. "BDS Roundup: Veolia loses another major contract in UK". Electronic Intifida. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  27. ^ "Statement. Nordic Foreign Ministers’ meeting, Nordic Council session in Helsinki 31 October 2012". Nordic Foreign Ministers' Meeting. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  28. ^ a b "Søvndal condemns Israeli settlement plan". The Copenhagen Post. 4 December 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  29. ^ "Foreign Minister Villy Søvndal: Israel's Reactions are Illegal". Representative Office of Denmark. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  30. ^ Sherwood, Harriet (3 December 2012). "Israel stands by settlements plan despite growing diplomatic crisis". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  31. ^ MacCarthy, Clare. "Getting the Accent Right". The Copenhagen Post. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  32. ^ "Villy Søvndal skal skilles igen". Nationalt. 15 September 2010. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  33. ^ "Ministeren er blevet svejset sammen med sin 18 år yngre kæreste, Heidi Perto". SE og HOR. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  34. ^ "Villy Søvndals datter i sin fars fodspor". BT. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Lene Espersen
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2011–2013
Succeeded by
Holger K. Nielsen
Preceded by
Radosław Sikorski
President of the Council of the European Union
2012
Succeeded by
Erato Kozakou-Marcoullis
Party political offices
Preceded by
Holger K. Nielsen
Leader of the Danish Socialist People's Party
2005—2012
Succeeded by
Annette Vilhelmsen