Vilyuysk

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For other uses of "Vilyuysk", see Vilyuysk (disambiguation).
Vilyuysk (English)
Вилюйск (Russian)
Бүлүү (Sakha)
-  Town[1]  -
Town under district jurisdiction[1]
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Vilyuysk is located in Sakha Republic
Vilyuysk
Vilyuysk
Location of Vilyuysk in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 63°45′N 121°38′E / 63.750°N 121.633°E / 63.750; 121.633Coordinates: 63°45′N 121°38′E / 63.750°N 121.633°E / 63.750; 121.633
Coat of Arms of Viluysk (Yakutia).png
Flag of Viluysk (Yakutia).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative district Vilyuysky District[1]
Town Vilyuysk[1]
Administrative center of Vilyuysky District,[1] Town of Vilyuysk[1]
Municipal status (as of April 2012)
Municipal district Vilyuysky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Vilyuysk Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Vilyuysky Municipal District,[3] Vilyuysk Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 10,234 inhabitants[4]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+10:00)[5]
Founded 1634[6]
Previous names Tyukanskoye/Verkhnevilyuyskoye,[citation needed]
Olensk (until 1821)[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 41132[citation needed]
Official website
Vilyuysk on WikiCommons

Vilyuysk (Russian: Вилюйск; IPA: [vʲɪˈlʲʉjsk]; Sakha: Бүлүү) is a town and the administrative center of Vilyuysky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located about 600 kilometers (370 mi) from Yakutsk on the Vilyuy River (left tributary of the Lena). Population: 10,234 (2010 Census).[4]

History[edit]

The first permanent settlement on the site of the present town was a Cossack winter settlement founded in 1634[6] as Tyukanskoye or Verkhnevilyuyskoye.[citation needed]

Members of the peasant rebellion led by Yemelyan Pugachev were exiled to the area in the 1770s, building the new town of Olensk in 1783. The town's name was derived from the Russian word "олень" (olen), meaning "stag", as still seen in the town's symbols. The town was renamed Vilyuysk after the river on which it stands in 1821.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Vilyuysk serves as the administrative center of Vilyuysky District.[1] As an inhabited locality, Vilyuysk is classified as a town under district jurisdiction.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with the selo of Sosnovka, incorporated within Vilyuysky District as the Town of Vilyuysk.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Vilyuysk is incorporated within Vilyuysky Municipal District as Vilyuysk Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The Vilyuysk Airport is located near the town.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population
1897 1926 1939 1959 1970 1979 1989 2002 2010
600 1,300 3,100 4,800 6,200 7,100 8,988[8] 9,776[9] 10,234[4]

Climate[edit]

Vilyuysk has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc). Winters are extremely cold, with average temperatures from −39.3 °C (−38.7 °F) to −32.2 °C (−26.0 °F) in January, while summers are warm, with average temperatures from +12.7 °C (54.9 °F) to +24.8 °C (76.6 °F) in July. Precipitation is quite low, but is significantly higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Vilyuysk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
10.1
(50.2)
18.6
(65.5)
30.3
(86.5)
36.1
(97)
37.4
(99.3)
36.0
(96.8)
27.7
(81.9)
18.0
(64.4)
3.3
(37.9)
−2.1
(28.2)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F) −32.2
(−26)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−11.7
(10.9)
0.8
(33.4)
11.4
(52.5)
21.5
(70.7)
24.8
(76.6)
20.4
(68.7)
10.3
(50.5)
−3.8
(25.2)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−31.0
(−23.8)
−3.08
(26.45)
Daily mean °C (°F) −35.8
(−32.4)
−30.4
(−22.7)
−18.9
(−2)
−5.6
(21.9)
5.8
(42.4)
15.4
(59.7)
18.7
(65.7)
14.4
(57.9)
5.5
(41.9)
−7.5
(18.5)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−8.22
(17.2)
Average low °C (°F) −39.3
(−38.7)
−35.0
(−31)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−12.4
(9.7)
0.0
(32)
9.2
(48.6)
12.7
(54.9)
8.6
(47.5)
1.2
(34.2)
−11.2
(11.8)
−29.5
(−21.1)
−38.0
(−36.4)
−13.28
(8.1)
Record low °C (°F) −60.9
(−77.6)
−58.0
(−72.4)
−50.0
(−58)
−40.2
(−40.4)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−5.3
(22.5)
0.0
(32)
−6.3
(20.7)
−15.4
(4.3)
−39.8
(−39.6)
−52.7
(−62.9)
−57.9
(−72.2)
−60.9
(−77.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 11
(0.43)
9
(0.35)
9
(0.35)
12
(0.47)
23
(0.91)
39
(1.54)
50
(1.97)
39
(1.54)
35
(1.38)
25
(0.98)
20
(0.79)
13
(0.51)
285
(11.22)
Avg. rainy days 0 0 0.1 4 11 14 13 13 15 5 0.1 0 75.2
Avg. snowy days 21 18 15 8 3 0 0 0 2 20 21 20 128
 % humidity 74 75 68 58 54 55 60 66 71 77 77 75 67.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 16 95 204 267 290 317 342 252 153 83 44 5 2,068
Source #1: pogoda.ru.net[10]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[11]

Naming honors[edit]

The minor planet 2890 Vilyujsk, discovered in 1978 by Soviet astronomer Lyudmila Zhuravlyova, is named after the town.[12]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z #353-III
  3. ^ Law #172-Z #351-III
  4. ^ a b c "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 71. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  7. ^ "Vilyuisk Airport". OurAiports. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Weather And Climate - Climate Vilyuisk" (in Russian). Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Climate Normals for Viljujsk". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  12. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (5th ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 237. ISBN 3-540-00238-3. 

Sources[edit]

  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №640-З №173-IV от 29 декабря 2008 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #640-Z No. 173-IV of December 29, 2008 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).