Vin de liqueur
A vin de liqueur is a sweet fortified style of French wine that is fortified with brandy just prior to the completion of fermentation. The term vin de liqueur is also used by the European Union to refer to all fortified wines.
Just prior to the completion of fermentation, the grape must is fortified with brandy until the solution reaches an alcohol level of 16%–22%. The resulting wine is left with a high level of residual sugar because most strains of yeast cannot reproduce at such a high alcohol level.
Vins de liqueur are available in many regional styles and varieties of grape. Grapes from the Champagne region are used for the production of ratafia. The Rhône region makes a wine known as rinquinquin, and the Languedoc region produces a local vin de liqueur that is called cartagène. The Jura wine region produces a vin de liqueur called Macvin du Jura.
- Robinson, Jancis (editor). The Oxford Companion to Wine, third edition, (Oxford University Press: 2006), 736, ISBN 0-19-860990-6.