Vinča Nuclear Institute

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Vinca Nuclear Institute)
Jump to: navigation, search
Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences logo

The Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences is a nuclear physics research institution near Belgrade, Serbia.[1] Since its founding, the institute has also conducted research in the fields in physics, chemistry and biology. The scholarly institute is part of the University of Belgrade.[2]

History[edit]

The institute was established in 1948 as the Institute for Physics. Several different research groups started in the 1950s, and two research reactors were built.[3]

The institute operates two research reactors; RA[4] and RB.[5] The research reactors were supplied by the USSR. The larger of the two reactors was rated at 6.5 MW and used Soviet-supplied 80% enriched uranium fuel.[6]

In October 1958, there was a criticality accident at one of the research reactors. Six workers received large doses of radiation; one died shortly afterwards.[7] The other five received the first ever bone marrow transplants in Europe.[8][9]

The nuclear research programme ended in 1968, while the reactors were switched off in 1984.

Removal of radioactive waste[edit]

In 2009, it was reported that the nuclear fuel storage pool, containing large quantities of radioactive waste, was in poor condition.[10]

In 2010, 2.5 tonnes of waste, including 13 kg of 80% enriched uranium, were transported from Vinča to a reprocessing facility at Mayak, Russia.[11] This was the IAEA's largest ever technical cooperation project, and thousands of police protected the convoys.[12][13]

Removal of the nuclear waste allows decommissioning of Vinca's remaining reactor to be completed.[14]

References[edit]

External links[edit]