||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2008)|
Vince Clarke performing as Erasure on 1 July 2011
|Birth name||Vincent John Martin|
3 July 1960 |
South Woodford, England, United Kingdom
|Genres||Synthpop, New Wave|
|Occupations||Musician, songwriter, remixer, DJ, producer|
|Instruments||Vocals, keyboards, guitar, violin, piano, bass guitar|
|Associated acts||Depeche Mode, Yazoo, The Assembly, Erasure, VCMG, Robert Marlow|
|Roland Synthesizers, Moog Synthesizers, Oberheim Synthesizers, Casio CZ-101|
Vincent John Martin (born 3 July 1960), better known by his stage name Vince Clarke, is an English synthpop musician and songwriter, and is regarded as a pioneer of electronic music. Clarke has been a member of a number of groups, including Depeche Mode, Yazoo, The Assembly and Erasure.
Early life 
Clarke was born in South Woodford, London and then he moved to Basildon, Essex. He initially studied the violin and then the piano.
Early bands and Depeche Mode 
In the late-1970s, Clarke and schoolmate Andy Fletcher formed the short-lived band No Romance in China. In 1979, he teamed up with Marlow & Gore to form French Look. Another band, named Composition of Sound, followed in 1980 with another addition of Martin Gore and also, Fletcher. Clarke provided vocals until singer Dave Gahan joined the band, which was renamed Depeche Mode. At that time, he adopted the stage-name by which he is currently known: Vince Clarke. The band initially adopted a slick synthesised electropop sound, which produced the album Speak and Spell and the Clarke-penned singles "Dreaming of Me", "New Life" and "Just Can't Get Enough" in 1981.
Clarke left Depeche Mode shortly thereafter. There were many rumoured reasons pertaining to his departure. He commented on Depeche Mode's later material as being a little dark for his taste, but good nonetheless. Clarke stated that he didn't enjoy the public aspects of success, such as touring and interviews, and found himself frequently at odds with his bandmates, particularly on the tour bus. He also stated: "I think everybody in the band, especially myself, imagined that the reason we were doing so well was because of themselves... We were pretty young and very lucky, and things had happened very quickly for us and I don't think we were really mature to handle the situation." Clarke was replaced by Alan Wilder and Depeche Mode went on to achieve international stardom.
Clarke then teamed up with singer Alison Moyet (at the time known by the nickname of 'Alf') to form the popular synthpop band Yazoo (known as Yaz in the U.S.), which produced two albums and a string of hits including "Only You", "Don't Go", "Situation", "The Other Side of Love", "Nobody's Diary" and "Walk Away from Love".
Yazoo split in 1983, and Moyet went on to have a successful solo career. Yazoo reformed in 2008 for a series of live dates to celebrate 25 years since the duo's split.
The Assembly 
In 1983 Clarke teamed up with Eric Radcliffe and it was their idea to collaborate as one-off associations with different artists on each new single, under the name The Assembly, notably with singer Feargal Sharkey they scored the Top 5 hit "Never Never". In the meanwhile he founded the label Reset Records with Eric Radcliffe. During 1983 and further on in 1984, he produced four singles "The Face of Dorian Gray" "I Just Want to Dance", "Claudette" and "Calling All Destroyers" for his friend Robert Marlow, which were released on this label. They also produced an album, which was shelved but was released much later in 1999 under the name The Peter Pan Effect. In 1985, another collaboration took place with Paul Quinn of Bourgie Bourgie, the result was the single "One Day" by Vince Clarke & Paul Quinn. However, the project never took off, and Clarke moved on to other projects.
In early 1985, Clarke put an ad in Melody Maker for a singer, and one applicant was Andy Bell, who was a fan of his earlier projects. He teamed with Bell to form the group Erasure, and the duo became one of the major selling acts in British music with international hits like "Oh L'amour", "Sometimes", "Chains of Love", "A Little Respect", "Chorus", "Love to Hate You", "Take a Chance on Me" and "Always".
The band has released 16 albums to date and have enjoyed a long string of hit singles spanning their more than two decades together, most recently topped-off by the 2005 top five hit "Breathe" taken from their Nightbird album. In 2006 Erasure produced a country-western style acoustic album consisting of mostly non-single cuts from their previous albums. This album, Union Street was preceded by the single "Boy" originally included on their 1997 Cowboy album.
On 26 January 2007, in a video message on the official Erasure website, the band announced the release of their sixteenth (thirteenth studio) album, entitled Light at the End of the World. Released in the UK on 21 May 2007, with a US release the following day, it was preceded by the single "I Could Fall in Love with You", released on 2 April 2007. The second single, "Sunday Girl" was subsequently released.
The album was produced by Gareth Jones and was a more "dance oriented" effort than some of their more recent work with Clarke making reference to the new material sounding potentially a bit more like Andy Bell's 2005 solo effort Electric Blue.
Erasure went on to tour with Cyndi Lauper, Deborah Harry, Margaret Cho and other artists, for the 2007 True Colors Tour of the United States, a tour which benefited gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender freedoms and rights. Erasure then went out on their own, headlining the "Light at the End of the World" tour in North America and Europe.
The band released a new EP, Storm Chaser, in September 2007. The EP contains nine tracks, one of them the winner of an online fan remix contest, for the track "When a Lover Leaves You", from the Light at the End of the World album.
Additional work 
Clarke worked with synthpop producer Martyn Ware (of Heaven 17 and The Human League) in 1999 as "The Clarke & Ware Experiment" and released the album Pretentious. The duo collaborated again in 2001 for the album Spectrum Pursuit Vehicle, which was created with "3D music technology" specifically designed for listening in headphones. 2001 also saw the release of the Clarke-produced album Erasure's Vince Clarke which featured The Peter Pan Effect, an album that he and Eric Radcliffe produced for his long-time friend, Robert Marlow. Clarke wrote "Let's Get Together" for the pop girl group Girl Authority for their second album, Road Trip. The song was originally meant to be for Depeche Mode, but was never recorded by them. Clarke also co-wrote "What Do I Want From You?" with Freeform Five, for their album Strangest Things (2005).
Also in 2001, Clarke founded Illustrious Co. Ltd. with Martyn Ware, to create new forms of spatialised sound composition using their unique 3D AudioScape system, collaborating with fine artists, educational establishments, the performing arts, live events, corporate clients and educational settings round the world.
On 21 May 2009, Clarke was awarded by an "Outstanding Song Collection" prize, during the Ivor Novello Awards ceremony of the same day, in recognition of 30 years in the music industry.
Clarke collaborated with his former Depeche Mode colleague Martin Gore for the first time since 1981 as techno duo VCMG on an instrumental minimalist electronic dance album called Ssss, released on 12 March 2012. The first EP entitled Spock was released worldwide exclusively on Beatport on 30 November 2011. The second EP Single Blip was once again first released exclusively on Beatport on 20 February 2012. Their third EP Aftermaths was released on 20 August 2012.
In 2012, Vince collaborated with the band The Good Natured on a track called "Ghost Train", available as a free download on their website, in exchange for a Tweet.
Production and recording methods 
When Clarke started using synthesisers, they were predominantly analogue (digital synthesisers were rare, and would remain that way until the launch of the Yamaha DX7 in 1983). In order to connect analogue synthesisers, analogue drum machines and analogue sequencers together, multiple CV/Gate cables were required between each device. This system was not standardised, so interoperability between instruments from different manufacturers was not always straightforward. In addition, some manufacturers used their own proprietary interfaces. When an industry-wide standard called MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) was introduced in 1983, Clarke, like most other electronic musicians, gradually migrated to the new technology. However, he continued to prefer his older analogue instruments:
"... CV and Gate is tighter. I can hear and feel that it's tighter than MIDI – we can even prove it using 'scopes. Because everything is clocked simply, it arrives bang on the beat. The whole production starts to 'tick over'. Just look at Kraftwerk's stuff. I think that 'feel' has been lost with MIDI sequencers. No matter what you do with MIDI, the music will never sound as good as it did in the good old Futurist days. That's why our tracks sound the way they do."
For the Chorus album in 1991, he gathered together his collection of analogue synthesisers from various recording studio locations in London and set up a small studio in Amsterdam. This led Clarke to assemble an intricate patch system to more easily enable the control of his analogue instruments:
"... the secret is having a good patch system – not as in patching to the mixing desk, but in patching CV and Gate. Because we don't use MIDI at all, you have to run three or four cables between each synth module – CV, Gate, Filter, Amplitude or whatever – and you've got to have a really unique system to do that."
In 1993 Clarke described his approach to songwriting:
"Andy [Bell] and I get together with a guitar and a tape recorder, I'll strum some chords, he'll sing a melody and we work in little sections, four or eight bars long. Then we'll try stringing the sections together. It's like a jigsaw puzzle. I find it very hard to relate songwriting to synthesisers, actually – we write songs in a very traditional way. The electronic side of things is just to create the atmosphere. It's mostly just messing about..!
"Once we've worked out a song, I start programming up the arrangement on the BBC UMI sequencer, which lets me run 16 synths simultaneously. That way you get a better idea if parts are working together or not. Then we start refining the individual sounds. And finally the whole lot is transferred to my Roland MC4, piece by piece, so it's being run in CV and Gate. Once we've got that, it's a case of Andy sketching out vocal ideas – in the studio we use two 48 track digital tape machines, which gives Dinger 24 tracks just for his voice!"
Clarke continued to expand his collection of analogue synthesisers and in 1994 set up "37B", a recording studio built adjacent to his custom-made home, "Ammonite", in Chertsey, Surrey. From 1994 to 2003, all Erasure albums were either wholly or in part recorded at "37B".
In 2004 Clarke moved to Maine, USA. While waiting for his studio equipment to be shipped from the UK, he began using an Apple Mac laptop with Logic Pro, Max/MSP, and various software synthesisers (many of which were analogue emulations). Since then, he has continued to use Logic Pro, along with both software and analogue synthesisers:
"Nowadays, you can take the best bits from digital and analogue. On certain projects – say, if I'm doing library music – where you need to have instant recall all the time, then it's obviously much more convenient to use the computer. When it comes to writing a new song, though, I still like to have the old analogue gear there, too. But, a lot of soft synths have a character of their own, too; the Moog Modular V is just crazy!
"I think that analogue has an inherent sound to it – it's like the old argument over vinyl versus CD. It seems that you hear more frequencies coming from an analogue synth than you do from a software synth, but the great thing about the latter is that you can do far more complex modulation, both within the synth itself and on the keyboard. To emulate any of those really complex modulations on an analogue... well, you'd need a mile of cable."
Current/recent studio equipment: Dave Smith Instruments Mopho, Roland System 700, Roland 100M, Roland Jupiter-8, Roland Jupiter-4, Roland MKS-80, Roland SH-1, Roland VP-330, Roland JP-8000, Roland Juno-60, Roland Juno-106, Roland Super JX, Roland D-550, ARP 2500 Modular, ARP 2600, PPG Wave 2.2, Waldorf Microwave, Waldorf Pulse, Moog Modular, Minimoog, Moog Source, E-Mu Modular System, Buchla 100 series Modular, Sequential Circuits Prophet-5, Sequential Circuits Pro-One, Oxford Synthesiser Company OSCar, Synton Syrinx, Korg MS-20, Korg MS-10, Korg 700, Korg M1, Korg DVP, Serge Modular, Polyfusion Modular, Oberheim Xpander, Oberheim SEM System, RSF Kobol, Electronic Music Studios VCS 3, Matten and Wiechers x2 48 track sequencers total 96 track., Sennheiser Vocoder VSM201, Apple iPad 2, Apple Power Mac G5, Apple MacBook Pro.
Current/recent software: Apple Logic Pro, Cycling '74 Max/MSP, Arturia ARP 2600 V, Arturia Minimoog V, Arturia Moog Modular V, GForce impOSCar, GForce Oddity, LinPlug Octopus, Muon Tau Pro, Native Instruments Absynth, Native Instruments Reaktor, Native Instruments FM7, Native Instruments FM8, Vienna Symphonic String & Choir Libraries.
Personal life 
Clarke has been married to Tracy Hurley since 2004. They have a son named Oscar and live together in the United States, in Maine. Tracy Hurley is the sister of the American writer Tonya Hurley whose husband, Michael Pagnotta, is the manager of Erasure.  In 2012, Vince Clarke and his family eventually moved in a new house in Brooklyn (New York), where he also relocated his studio and synthesizers collection.
Clarke is left-handed.
- with Depeche Mode
- Speak & Spell (1981, album)
- The Singles 81>85 (1985, compilation)
- with Yazoo
- Upstairs at Eric's (1982, album)
- You and Me Both (1983, album)
- "Nobody's Diary" (1983, single)
- with The Assembly
- "Never Never" (1983, single)
- In duet with Paul Quinn
- "One Day" (1985, single)
- With Erasure
- Lucky Bastard (1993, Sample CD)
- In duet with Martyn Ware
- Pretentious (1999, as The Clarke and Ware Experiment)
- Spectrum Pursuit Vehicle (2001, simply as Vincent Clarke & Martyn Ware)
- The House of Illustrious (2012, as The Clarke and Ware Experiment)
- with Family Fantastic
- Nice! (2000)
- Wonderful (2008)
- In RadioActivators
- "Knock on Your Door" (2001, single)
- In VCMG
- Spock (2011, EP)
- Single Blip (2012, EP)
- Ssss (2012, album)
- Aftermaths (2012, EP)
He has remixed the following songs for artists other than Erasure:
- 1988 Happy Mondays – "WFL (Wrote for Luck)"
- 1990 Betty Boo – "24 Hours" (Oratronic Mix)
- 1991 Fortran 5 – "Heart on the Line" (V.C. Mix)
- 1991 Habit – "Power"
- 1992 Nitzer Ebb – "Ascend" (Anonymous Mix)
- 1992 The Wolfgang Press – "Angel"
- 1992 Betty Boo – "I'm on My Way" (The Batman and Robin Mix)
- 1993 The Time Frequency – "Real Love'93" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 1994 Sparks – "When Do I Get to Sing "My Way"" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 1994 Alison Moyet – "Whispering Your Name" (A Remix)
- 1995 Egebamyasi – "Remont" (Vince Version)
- 1997 White Town – "Wanted" (Vince Clarke Mix)
- 2001 Marlow – "No Heart" (Vince Clarke 2001 Dance Mix)
- 2002 Simple Minds – "Homosapien" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2005 Andy Bell – "Crazy" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2005 Rammstein – "Mann Gegen Mann" (Popular Music Mix)
- 2006 Rosenstolz – "Nichts Von Alledem (Tut Mir Leid)" (Mix Up Mix)
- 2006 Noirhaus – "It's Over" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2009 The Saturdays – "Issues" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2009 Marlow – "Home" (Vince Clarke's Starstruck Mix)
- 2009 Polly Scattergood – "Other Too Endless"
- 2009 Franz Ferdinand – "No You Girls" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2009 The Presets – "If I Know You" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2009 Space Cowboy – "Falling Down" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2009 A Place to Bury Strangers – "In Your Heart" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2009 Ash – "True Love 1980" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2010 Andy Bell – "Call On Me" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2010 Andy Bell – "Non-Stop" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2010 Goldfrapp – "Believer" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2011 Billie Ray Martin – "Sweet Suburban Disco" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2011 Depeche Mode – "Behind the Wheel" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2011 Plastikman – "Elektrostatik" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2012 Liars - "No.1 Against The Rush" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2012 VCMG - "Aftermaths" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2012 Kidnap Kid - "Lazarus Taxon" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2013 Chad Valley - "Up & Down" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- 2013 Dido - "End Of Night" (Vince Clarke Remix)
- According to later interviews, including the documentary on a remastered release of A Broken Frame.
- VH1 Behind the Music television series.
- Michael Sutton The Assembly. AllMusic
- Erasure (Andy Bell & Vince Clarke) The Official Website. Erasureinfo.com. Retrieved on 18 July 2011.
- illustrious company. (2011-05-27). Retrieved on 18 July 2011.
- Familyfantastic.co.uk. Retrieved on 18 July 2011.
- Aaron Badgley ...Nice!. AllMusic
- Depeche Mode Dot Com – News
- Synthesizer History Timeline – Synthesizer Wiki. Sequencer.de. Retrieved on 18 July 2011.
- Ian Masterson, "Castle Clarke", Private Ear 15, 1993. Erasureinfo.com. Retrieved on 18 July 2011.
- Jonathan Miller, "Erasure – Under Cover", 2002. Garethjones.com. Retrieved on 18 July 2011.
- Ian Masterson, "Dome Sweet Dome", Private Ear 20, 1995. Erasureinfo.com. Retrieved on 18 July 2011.
- Rebecca Tanqueray Poptastic in deepest Surrey, The Sunday Times, 10 November 2002
- Vince Clarke interview, Computer Music magazine 136, March 2009, p. 84.
- Vince Clarke Music • Biography. Vinceclarkemusic.com. Retrieved on 18 July 2011.
- Vince Clarke interview, Computer Music magazine 136, March 2009, p. 82.
- Electric Independence: Vince Clarke & the Temple of Synth, Motherboard video interview, 2010. Motherboard.tv. Retrieved on 18 July 2011.
- Vince Clarke Music • Studio. Vinceclarkemusic.com. Retrieved on 18 July 2011.
- Vince Clarke interview, Computer Music magazine 136, March 2009, pp. 82–85.
- Florian Grote, "Exploring The Depths of Software Synthesis: Tech Talk with Vince Clarke", Native Instruments, 2008. Native-instruments.com. Retrieved on 18 July 2011.
- Biography for Vince Clarke (II) IMDb.com
- How We Met: Alison Moyet & Vince Clarke – Regulars, The New Review. The Independent (2008-06-08). Retrieved on 18 July 2011.
Media related to Vince Clarke at Wikimedia Commons