Vineyard designated wine
A vineyard designated wine is a wine produced from the product of a single vineyard with that vineyard's name appearing on the wine label. Throughout the history of winemaking and viticulture, the differences in quality between one plot of land and another have been observed with the boundaries of these vineyard generally well demarcated. In Burgundy, the vineyards of the area are classified with the highest quality vineyards receiving the ranking of Grand cru. The names of these vineyards, such as Montrachet, will often appear on the wine label of Burgundy wines in bolder, more prominent print than even the name of the producer.
In the United States, the appearance of vineyards name on wine labels is a relatively recent phenomenon with one of the first vineyard designated premium wines in California being the 1966 vintage Heitz Martha's Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon. Later examples include the 1975 Robert Young Vineyard Chardonnay from the Sonoma wine estate of Chateau St. Jean. Under US wine laws, if the name of vineyard appears on the label at least 95% of the grapes used to make the wine must come from that vineyard.
Notable vineyard designated wines
In Washington State, some of the top vineyards appear on vineyard designated wines including Champoux Vineyard and Destiny Ridge Vineyard in the Horse Heaven Hills AVA and Boushey Vineyard in the Yakima Valley AVA.
- B. Giliberti "Variations in Vineyards" Washington Post, August 31st 2005
- K. MacNeil The Wine Bible pg 194-196 Workman Publishing 2001 ISBN 1-56305-434-5
- Gerien, J. Scott, Wine Business (April 15, 2003). The Vineyard Designation
- T. Elkjer "Tale of Two Valleys" Appellation America, October 4, 2005
- H. Cline "Robert Young, 84, energized to better wine grape growing" Western Farm Press, Accessed: Jan 11th, 2009
- CNN Interactive "Wine labels: How to read them" CNN.com November 19th, 1998
- P. Gregutt "Washington Wines and Wineries: The Essential Guide" pg 85-92 University of California Press 2007 ISBN 0-520-24869-4
- T. Caputo "Vineyard-Designated Wines Showcase Growers" Wine Review Online, August 5, 2008
- A. Goldfarb "Trademarked Vineyards: A hedge against the devaluation of “Vineyard Designates" Appellation America, May 17, 2007