Vinica, Macedonia

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Vinica
Виница
Town
Vinica
Vinica
Flag of Vinica
Flag
Official seal of Vinica
Seal
Vinica is located in Republic of Macedonia
Vinica
Vinica
Location within Macedonia
Coordinates: 41°52′N 22°30′E / 41.867°N 22.500°E / 41.867; 22.500Coordinates: 41°52′N 22°30′E / 41.867°N 22.500°E / 41.867; 22.500
Country  Macedonia
Municipality Coat of arms of Vinica Municipality.png Vinica Municipality
Government
 • Mayor Emil Dončev
Highest elevation 1,745 m (5,725 ft)
Lowest elevation 360 m (1,180 ft)
Population (2002[1])
 • Total 10,863
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2310
Area code(s) +389 033
Car plates KO
Website www.OpstinaVinica.gov.mk/

Vinica (Macedonian: Виница [ˈvinitsa] ( )) is a town in Macedonia, in the Eastern Statistical Region of the country. The town of Vinica is the seat of Vinica Municipality.

Etymology[edit]

The name Vinica is derived from word vine, since the city was formerly noted for its vineyards. On terracotta icons found in Viničko Kale, the name of town is noted as Vinea or Vince.

Overview[edit]

The town is located under the mountain of Plačkovica, in the southeastern part of the Kočani Valley. It covers the northern part of the river Bregalnica sinks. There are also several other rivers that flow through Vinica, like the Vinička, Gradečka and Osojnica. The town is known for its historic Roman fortress, Viničko Kale, situated on a hill overlooking the modern town.

History[edit]

Neolitic times[edit]

The territory of Vinica was inhabited in neolithic times. More recent evidence of habitation comes from findings on Viničko Kale from the 6th to the 12th century AD.

Byzantium Empire[edit]

The original settlement was a fort from the time of Byzantium, when it was a centre of wine production.

Ottoman Empire[edit]

The city was nahiye and governed by Ottoman Empire with Kaymakam between the 14th and 20th centuries.

Yugoslavia time[edit]

Before 1980, on the hill where the fortress was found, there were many vineyards, which were abandoned after excavations.[2]

Culture[edit]

Town church in old part of Vinica

In Vinica, there are two primary schools Goce Delčev and Slavčo Stojmenski, one high school and city library Vančo Prke which was founded in 1946, there is also a cinema and a house of culture, Tošo Arsov, which is centre of all cultural activities. The town has two folk music groups, Raspeani Viničani and Jana, and one folklore group Kitka.[3]

There are several archeological sites in and around Vinica:

Economy[edit]

Vinica

One of the major activities in Vinica is agriculture. Farmers engaged in the production of rice, which is very characteristic of the basin in which Vinica is located. The town also has industrial activities, among which is the best represented the textiles and wood furniture production industry. The major companies are: Viničanka, Vinka, Triko, Treska, Mebel-Vi. The city has many shops, bars, restaurants, one night club, and three major hotels, which are offering a broader range of services.

Sport and leisure[edit]

The leading sport in Vinica is soccer. The town formed its first football club in 1934 called Plačkovica, later renamed Sloga Vinica, now FK Sloga 1934 Vinica. There is also a basketball club Slavčo Stojmenski, a karate club Blatec and a badminton club Viničani.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2002, the municipality had 10,863 inhabitants and the ethnic composition was the following:

References[edit]

External links[edit]