Vinland, Kansas

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Vinland, Kansas
Unincorporated community
Coal Creek Library in Vinland (ca. 1900), the oldest subscription library in Kansas. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Coal Creek Library in Vinland (ca. 1900), the oldest subscription library in Kansas. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Vinland, Kansas is located in Kansas
Vinland, Kansas
Vinland, Kansas
Coordinates: 38°50′22″N 95°10′56″W / 38.83944°N 95.18222°W / 38.83944; -95.18222Coordinates: 38°50′22″N 95°10′56″W / 38.83944°N 95.18222°W / 38.83944; -95.18222
Country United States
State Kansas
County Douglas
Elevation 889 ft (271 m)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 785
GNIS feature ID 479519[1]

Vinland is a small agricultural unincorporated community in Douglas County, Kansas, United States. It is located south of Lawrence near Baldwin City.

History[edit]

The first settlers came in 1854;[2] they were mostly abolitionists spurred on by the Kansas-Nebraska Act.[citation needed] Renowned Jayhawker Silas Soule was among them. Like much of eastern Kansas, Vinland struggled in the Bleeding Kansas period to keep the land free from slavery, and at least one man was killed in various skirmishes, including the Battle of Black Jack in June 1856. Some consider this to have been the "first battle of the American Civil War."[by whom?]

A post office was opened in Vinland in 1868, and remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1954.[3]

Today, "downtown" Vinland has about a dozen homes (many dating from the early part of the 20th century), an airfield (mostly used by small private planes), the Vinland Grange Hall, and Coal Creek Library (founded in 1859), the oldest extant subscription library west of the Mississippi River.[citation needed]

Most years since 1874 Vinland has hosted a country fair, attracting thousands of visitors; the 100th Vinland Fair was held in 2007.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

It has rolling grassy hills and large maple trees. The topsoil is excellent for a wide variety of crops, including corn, wheat, milo, and alfalfa. Many dairy farms are also in the area.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 849. 
  3. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 

External links[edit]