Possible routes traveled in Saga of Eric the Red and Saga of the Greenlanders
The Vinland Sagas are two Icelandic texts written separate of each other in the early thirteenth century; The Saga of the Greenlanders (Grænlendinga Saga) and The Saga of Eric the Red, (Eiríks Saga Rauða). The name Vinland meaning "Wineland," is attributed to Leif Eiriksson's discovery of grapevines upon his arrival in North America. The sagas were written down between 1220-1280, much later than the initial time of action 970-1030.
The Vinland Sagas represent the most complete information we have about the Norse exploration of the Americas although due to Iceland's oral tradition, they cannot be deemed completely historically accurate and include contradictory details. However, historians commonly believe these sources contain substantial evidence of Viking exploration of North America through the descriptions of topography, natural resources and native culture. In comparing the events of both books, a realistic timeline can be created. Their veracity was proved by the discovery and excavation of a Viking settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland, Canada in the early 1960s.