Vinohrady Cemetery

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Vinohrady Cemetery
Vinohradský hřbitov
Kostel svatého Václava, Vinohradské hřbitovy.jpg
Chapel
General information
Type Cemetery
Location Prague, Czech Republic
Coordinates 50°04′35″N 14°28′52″E / 50.0763°N 14.4811°E / 50.0763; 14.4811
Owner City of Prague, Czech Republic

Vinohrady Cemetery (in Czech: Vinohradský hřbitov) is a large cemetery in Vinohrady in Prague 10 which contains Strašnice Crematorium the largest crematorium in Europe in terms of area. The remains of two Czech presidents are in this cemetery. President Václav Havel was a national hero whereas the other president did not have his name put on his gravestone when he was buried in 1945.

History[edit]

The cemetery dates from 1885[1] although it was at first smaller than its current size of 10 hectares (25 acres). Over time the land has been extended three times. It ranks second by number of persons buried there. In terms of area, Ďáblice Cemetery is the largest in Prague.[2]

In 1897 the municipal architect Antonín Turek designed the simple chapel here[3] which is near the entrance. This chapel is dedicated to St. Wenceslas and should not be confused with the more modern St. Wenceslas Church in nearby Vršovice. In front of this chapel are the graves of those who were killed in the Prague Uprising of May 1945 as well as a memorial to the children killed during the German occupation of Prague during the Second World War.[2]

The Strašnice Crematorium opened in 1932.[4]

Notable burials[edit]

Former President Emil Hacha's grave remained unmarked for many years

Notable burials here include the novelist Jaroslav Foglar, the sculptor Otto Gutfreund, President Emil Hácha,[5] President Václav Havel's ashes,[6] writers Jan Karafiát[7] and Egon Kisch, the singer Laďka Kozderková, the painter Jakub Schikaneder, children's writer Karel Václav Rais, and historian and writer Zikmund Winter.[1]

Former President Emil Hácha's burial was performed here under heavy security on 1 July 1945 when the Minister of the Interior, Václav Nosek, gave instructions that the grave was to remain unmarked. Nosek had arrested Hácha on 13 May 1945 because of his collaboration with the Nazis during the war. Hacha had become ill and died on 27 June at the prison hospital in Pankrác.[5] Hácha's grave was unmarked for many years but there is now a large but simple gravestone.

Another former President, Václav Havel, had his ashes buried here in the family vault joining his parents. Havel's first wife Olga Havlová was buried here in 1996. Havel was cremated at Strasnice Crematorium in a family ceremony; his state funeral at the cemetery was attended by several heads of state and followed by three days of national mourning.[6]

Heritage[edit]

The cemetery and the crematorium are listed as a cultural monument of the Czech Republic.[8] As part of the European Heritage Days initiative this cemetery was opened to the public in September 2012.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Vinohrady Cemeteries, MyCzechRepublic.com, retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ a b Vinohrady Cemetery, Prague Welcome, retrieved 20 November 2013
  3. ^ Kosina, Evžen Veselý ; translation Vladimír (1992). Prague - churches, chapels, synagogues. Prague: ASCO. p. 71. ISBN 8085377179. 
  4. ^ Post Bellum – František Suchý, retrieved 25 November 2013
  5. ^ a b Emil Hacha, hrad.cz, retrieved 20 November 2013
  6. ^ a b Havel to be buried at Vinohrady cemetery, Radio Prague, 22 December 2011, retrieved 21 November 2013
  7. ^ Cemeteries, Perfect Prague, 21 November 2013
  8. ^ Crematorium. Monmomnet.npu.cz, retrieved 20 November 2013
  9. ^ Praha 10 spouští QRpedii. Památky označkuje QR kódy, Lucas Vaclavik, September 2012, CNews.cz, retrieved 19 November 2013

External links[edit]