Viola cucullata

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Viola cucullata
Viola cucullata.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Species: V. cucullata
Binomial name
Viola cucullata

Viola cucullata (Hooded Blue Violet, Marsh Blue Violet or Purple Violet) is a species of the genus Viola native to eastern North America, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Georgia.[1]

It is a low-growing perennial herbaceous plant up to 20 cm tall. The leaves form a basal cluster; they are simple, up to 10 centimetres (3.9 in) broad, with an entire margin and a long petiole. The flowers are violet, dark blue and occasionally white. with five petals. The fruit is a capsule 10–15 mm long, which splits into three sections at maturity to release the numerous small seeds.[2]

The purple violet is the provincial flower of New Brunswick.[3]

The purple violet is also one of the official flowers of the Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity.


  1. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Viola cucullata
  2. ^ Northern Ontario Plant Database: Viola cucullata
  3. ^ Blanchan, Neltje (2005). Wild Flowers Worth Knowing. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation.