Viola de cocho

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Viola de cocho
Violadecocho.jpg
Viola de Cocho made by Braz da Viola
String instrument
Classification String instrument
Hornbostel–Sachs classification
(Composite chordophone)
Developed Mato Grosso, Brazil.
Related instruments
Viola caipira, Mejoranera, Viola De Buriti

The viola de cocho is a singular plucked string instrument from Brazil. It is typical in the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul and has been designated an part of Brazil's intangible national heritage by IPHAN, the Brazilian institution responsible for the preservation of the national cultural heritage.[1] It is unusual in that although it has only three frets at most and is left unvarnished.[2][3][4] The Portuguese word cocho, used by farm labourers, refers to a hollowed-out log forming a sort of container. The cocho is widely used, for example, to provide salt for cattle on grassland farms.[5]

Design[edit]

A traditional viola de cocho
Viola de cocho in a museum in Osaka, Japan.

The viola-de-cocho is a musical instrument of the group of short lutes, produced by master craftsmen. After choosing the wood, cut the trunk into two flat parts. With a cast the wood is scratch and on which is carved a sounding board. Once carved the body of the instrument, the soundboard is glued and then are posted the easel, mirrors, pegs and to fuse, which then placed the frets and strings. Some instruments have a small circular hole on top, sometimes not. The viola without hole is something new. Some viola players justified that the viola with hole gave a lot of work, because always came by this hole, spiders or other animals, damaging the instrument's sound. Some former viola players prefer it to the hole because, in the words of one, the hole gives a better sound.[6]

Tuning[edit]

With unique shape and sound, the viola-de-cocho has always five orders of strings, called prima, contra, corda do meio, canotio and resposta. The strings are tuned in two different ways, canotio solto (released) and canotio preso (arrested): bottom-up, re, la, mi, re, sol, and re, la, mi, do, sol.[7]

Notable performers[edit]

Braz da Viola, besides being a virtuoso instrumentalist is also a maker of beautiful violas-de-cocho.[5] Another well known performer of the viola-de-cocho is the Brazilian instrumentalist Roberto Corrêa.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vianna, Letícia (2005). "O caso do registro da Viola-de-cocho como patrimônio imaterial" [The case of the record of the Viola-de-Cocho as an untangible patrimony]. Sociedade e Cultura (in Portuguese) (Universidade Federal de Goiás) 8 (2): 53–62. ISSN 1980-8194. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  2. ^ http://www.atlasofpluckedinstruments.com/south_america.htm
  3. ^ http://www.caboclovioleiro.hpg.ig.com.br/imaviola/coxo.htm
  4. ^ http://www.violadecocho.8m.com/viola.htm
  5. ^ a b "Luciano Queiroz - Viola-de-cocho" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  6. ^ "A viola de cocho" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  7. ^ "Viola-de-cocho" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2010-05-05.