Violence Jack

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Violence Jack
Vjack volume1 cover.jpg
Cover of the first volume
バイオレンスジャック
(Baiorensu Jakku)
Genre Horror
Manga
Written by Go Nagai
Published by Kodansha
Chuokoron-Shinsha (Complete Edition)
Shogakukan
ebookjapan
Demographic Shōnen
Magazine Weekly Shōnen Magazine
Original run July 22, 1973September 29, 1974
Volumes 7
Manga
Written by Go Nagai
Published by Kodansha
Chuokoron-Shinsha (Complete Edition)
Shogakukan
ebookjapan
Demographic Shōnen
Magazine Monthly Shōnen Magazine
Original run January 1977December 1978
Volumes 7
Notes

* Both serializations by Kodansha share the same volumes.

Manga
Written by Go Nagai
Published by Nihon Bungeisha
Demographic Seinen
Magazine Weekly Manga Goraku
Original run August 5, 1983March 23, 1990
Volumes 31
Original video animation
Violence Jack: Harem Bomber
Directed by Osamu Kamijo
Produced by Naotaka Yoshida, Toshihiko Sato
Written by Mikio Matsushita
Studio Soei Shinsha, Ashi Production
Licensed by
Released June 1986
Runtime 40 minutes
Novel series
Written by Yasutaka Nagai
Illustrated by Go Nagai
Published by Kadokawa Shoten
Demographic Seinen
Imprint Kadokawa Bunko
Original run August 1986April 1987
Volumes 2
Original video animation
Violence Jack: Evil Town
Directed by Ichiro Itano
Produced by Kazufumi Nomura
Written by Shō Aikawa (as Noboru Aikawa)
Music by Hiroshi Ogasawara
Studio Soei Shinsha, Japan Home Video, Studio88 (animation), D.A.S.T. (animation assistance)
Licensed by
Released December 21, 1988
Runtime 60 minutes
Original video animation
Violence Jack: Hell's Wind Hen
Directed by Takuya Wada
Produced by Yoshio Nakamura
Written by Takuya Wada
Music by Kaoru Ohori, Hiroyuki Kozu, Takeo Miratsu
Studio Soei Shinsha, Japan Home Video, Studio88 (animation)
Licensed by
Released November 9, 1990
Runtime 55 minutes
Manga
Violence Jack Mao Korin Hen
Written by Go Nagai
Published by Nihon Bungeisha
Chuokoron-Shinsha (Complete Edition)
Shogakukan
ebookjapan
Demographic Seinen
Published November 1, 1993
Volumes 1
Novel
Violence Jack: Ogon Toshi Hen
Written by Tatsuhiko Dan
Illustrated by Go Nagai
Published by Kodansha
Published July 1995
Manga
Violence Jack Sengoku Majinden
Written by Go Nagai
Published by Shueisha
Demographic Seinen
Magazine Weekly Young Jump Special
Published December 10, 2001
Manga
Shin Violence Jack
Written by Go Nagai
Published by Shinchosha
Demographic Seinen
Magazine Comic Bunch
Original run May 13, 2005April 11, 2008
Volumes 2
Portal icon Anime and Manga portal

Violence Jack (バイオレンスジャック Baiorensu Jakku?) is a Japanese manga written and illustrated by Go Nagai in 1973. It has had several serializations and one-shot stories which have run in the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s and 2000s. Most of the stories have been compiled in around 45 tankōbon while a few of them have been published as special tankōbon or have yet to be published in that format.

A few of the sagas from the manga were adapted in three independent OVAs released in 1986, 1988 and 1990. These OVAs have been released in the United States, Italy, France, United Kingdom, and New Zealand. In some of these countries, the contents of the OVAs have caused censorship issues, while in Australia the second OVA was banned altogether.

Plot[edit]

The series takes place in a world destroyed by a devastating earthquake in which the remnants of humanity are divided between the strong and the weak. Violence Jack is uncovered amongst the rubble and demolished granite by the inhabitants of this city, asking him to help the weak people and helping them destroy what, in most cases, are the strong groups commanded by killers and rapists (this is the story line of "Violence Jack: Evil Town"). In the three OVAs, Jack is requested to help different groups, such as the Zone A (later he ends up helping Zone C women) or a small town, as shown in "Hell's Wind". As for the manga, the stories change drastically, the first being the story Violence Jack helping a group of female models in a tropical forest in Kanto. Even though Jack contains the figure of a ruthless, evil character, he always helps the weak section of people, in trade for nothing.

When it was originally published there were several hints that pointed out the relationship between Devilman and Violence Jack. The final chapter reveals that the apocalyptic world in Violence Jack is in a world re-created by God. Satan (Ryo Asuka) is punished by being constantly humiliated by Slum King (Zenon). Jack is actually Akira Fudo, and is one of three parts that form Devilman, the others being a child Jack and woman Jack, both of which were normally seen as birds around Jack from time to time. They merge in order to stop the recently awakened Satan. This time Devilman manages to stop Satan.

Publication[edit]

The first serialization ran from July 22, 1973 to September 29, 1974 in Weekly Shōnen Magazine, published by Kodansha.[1][2][3] The second ran in Monthly Shōnen Magazine, also published by Kodansha, from July 1977 to December 1978, with a few gaps between months.[2][4][5] This two serializations of Kodansha were originally published in 7 volumes.

Five years later, the serialization continued this time in the magazine Weekly Manga Goraku, published by Nihon Bungeisha, and ran from August 5, 1983 to March 23, 1990.[2][6][7] This serialization originally produced 31 volumes in total.

In November 1, 1993, three years later after the end of the previous serialization, a special tankōbon called Violence Jack: Mao Korin Hen (バイオレンスジャック 魔王降臨編 baiorensu jakku maō kōrin hen?) was released by Nihon Bungeisha.[2][8][9] Seven years later, in December 10, 2001 a special one-shot story, Violence Jack: Sengoku Majinden (バイオレンスジャック 戦国魔人伝 baiorensu jakku sengoku majinden?), was published by Shueisha in a special edition of Weekly Young Jump, Bessatsu Young Jump #14.[2][10][11] This story has not been re-printed or compiled yet.

In May 2005 (cover date May 13, 2005·20) the magazine Weekly Comic Bunch published by Shinchosha, the most recent serialization started, with Shin Violence Jack (新バイオレンスジャック shin baiorensu jakku?).[2][11][12] This serialization was irregularly published, stopping in August 19, 2005 and restarting in November 2, 2007 to end in April 11, 2008 in number 17 of Weekly Comic Bunch.[12][13][14] This series was compiled and published by Media Factory in two volumes in 2010.[15][16]

Besides the relationship with Devilman, a great number of characters in Violence Jack come from several manga created by Go Nagai. Most of them have a dedicated story arc. These are a few of them:

Related media[edit]

Original video animation[edit]

Harem Bomber[edit]

A few of the story arcs of the manga were adapted into OVA format. The first OVA, called Violence Jack: Harem Bomber (バイオレンスジャック ハーレムボンバー baiorensu jakku hāremu bonbā?) was released in June 1986 (some sources place the release date in June 21, 1986,[17][18][19] although others place the release date in June 5, 1986).[20][21]

A great comet hurls from space and collides with Earth, causing a cataclysmic earthquake that rocks the Kanto Plain of Japan, killing several and reducing the cites to rubble. In this time of weakness, a ruthless man known as the Slum King took control of the Kanto Plain with his brute force and rules it with an iron fist. However, in the middle of a trek across the land with his great forces at his side, he encounters a mighty beast-like man wearing a battered green jacket and a yellow ascot who slaughters his men and then targets the Slum King himself. They clash, but their fight is interrupted by a sudden massive tsunami that separates the two.

The Slum King survives the wave and returns to his immense fortress where he tells his men that no one can dare oppose him and be permitted to live. With that said, he promptly orders his men to kill one Violence Jack, the man whom he confronted before.

The episode revolves around a girl, Mari, being captured by the army and sent to a sex camp. Her boyfriend, Ken'ichi, rescues her with the help of Violence Jack.

At the end, Jack is challenged by Harem Bomber. With great difficulty, Jack manages to defeat Harem Bomber, but at the price of the life of Ken'ichi, who is killed when he is hurled out a helicopter which Jack used to subdue the Harem Bomber.

Mari awakens to witness a bright, shining bird soar into the air. Without hesitation, she pursues it as it glimmers high above.

Violence Jack: Evil Town[edit]

The second OVA, called Violence Jack: Evil Town (バイオレンスジャック 地獄街 baiorensu jakku Jigokugai?),[22] was released in December 21, 1988.[17] This is the most controversial OVA since part of its themes are rape, necrophilia and cannibalism.

Due to a massive earthquake, an underground portion of Tokyo has been separated from the outside world. Because of the limited supply of food and the constant threat of intergroup warfare, the underground city's survivors have dubbed the area Hell City. When the story begins, Evil Town has been in existence for several months.

Evil Town is split into three "sections." Section A consists of businessmen and ordinary citizens, and is the most regulated section due to the presence of police officers. Section B, which consists of criminals and lunatics, is controlled by the huge gang leader Mad Saurus and his second in command, the transsexual Blue. Section C, a former modeling agency, avoids contact with the other groups except when necessary.

Section A is attempting to dig their way back to the surface when they uncover Violence Jack, who has apparently been sealed in a rock wall since the earthquake. Section A's leaders invite Jack to stay as their protector, but the other sections have also learned of Jack's existence and call a meeting to see him for themselves.

At the meeting, the Section C leader Aila Mu offers to hire Jack as their guardian and tells him a disturbing story: After the earthquake occurred, the men of both A and B ran wild, capturing and raping the women until they learned that there was enough food for long-term survival. Many of the worst offenders are current Section A leaders, who would revert to behaving like animals if another disaster occurred. Convinced by Aila Mu's story, Jack agrees to aid Section C.

Riled by the lingering presence of Jack, Section B launches a surprise attack on Section A; as Aila predicted, A's leaders turn on one another in an attempt to survive, resulting in the near total destruction of the group. The survivors flee to Section C just as the women finish their own tunnel out of Hell City. Section B raiders arrive and finish off Section A, then begin assaulting the women. Jack defeats the raiders, killing Blue and severely wounding Mad Saurus.

Mad Saurus mourns the loss of Blue, who accepted her despite Blue's differences. In order to combine their power, Mad Saurus consumes her corpse, transforming into a devilish red creature to battle Jack a second time. Jack is heavily wounded in the fight, but manages to kill Mad Saurus by stabbing him through the forehead, returning him to his human form.

The battle between Mad Saurus and Jack gives Section C enough time to make their way to the surface, which is now a flattened ruin instead of a city. Aila Mu laments that her skills as a model are useless in the ruined world, but the rest of Section C assures her that she is a capable and beloved leader.

Violence Jack: Hell's Wind[edit]

The last OVA, Violence Jack: Hell's Wind (バイオレンスジャック ヘルスウインド編 baiorensu jakku herusu uindo hen?), was released in November 9, 1990.[17][23]

This time, there is a peaceful post-apocalyptic town known as Hope Town. The biker gang Hell's Wind show up and ransack it. Violence Jack makes his entrance here. The episode starts as a young woman, Jun, and her boyfriend, Tetsuya, are attacked. Tetsuya is murdered by Hell's Wind, and they assault and rape the terrified Jun soon after.

Jack fends off the gang by taking several gunshots which seem to have no effect on him.

Hell's Wind captures a young teacher and takes her to their base which is an abandoned airfield. They take her top off and strap her to a fighter jet. At the behest of a little orphaned boy, Jack goes to rescue her. They try shooting him with a rocket launcher, but Jack tunnels under the ground and bursts out whilst being set on fire to kill everyone. The bike leader sends a messager to their "supreme master" and request reinforcements. Jack finally kills the leader of the gang.

Jack departs, strangely heartened by speaking with the orphaned boy, who vowed to become stronger than anyone to protect the people around him.

The final scene shows another gang of horsemen coming from the distance and showing the messenger strapped to a post. A close-up is made to one of the vehicles to show the Slum King in full armor. The screen turns to black and Jack's eyes appear, as he becomes furious, and the credits begin to roll.

Release[edit]

The English releases of the OVAs were out of their original order:

Japanese title Japanese release order English title English release order
Violence Jack: Harem Bomber 1 Violence Jack: Slumking 3
Violence Jack: Evil Town 2 Violence Jack: Evil Town 1
Violence Jack: Hell's Wind Hen 3 Violence Jack: Hell's Wind 2

Most non-Japanese versions also use the same order of the English version.

Violence Jack was originally released in an edited form in the US by Manga Entertainment.[24][25][26] As fans wanted to see it uncut, the Right Stuf arranged with Manga Entertainment the release of an unedited version in November 1996. The label Critical Mass was created since it was considered to be too intense for the Right Stuf line.[27] The censored version by Manga Entertainment only had dubbed audio, while the uncensored version by Critical Mass was available in both dubbed and subtitled formats. The censored version was also released in the United Kingdom by Manga Entertainment. In New Zealand, also released by Manga Entertainment, it was promoted as the banned version from Australia.

The OVAs were released in their uncut version by Manga Entertainment in France in 1999 and by Fox Pathé Europa in 2003, and in Italy by Shin Vision.

The first release by Manga Entertainment was cut in most countries where it was released (USA, United Kingdom, New Zealand). In the UK release, the cuts amount to 30 in Evil Town[28] of an already cut version for a total of 4:25 mins, 6:43 mins in Hell's Wind',[29] and 25 in Slumking[30] (Harem Bomber) and are related to sex, violence, bondage and cannibalism.[31] The US version also has similar cuts.[32]

The OVA with most censorship problems was Violence Jack: Evil Town. When Manga Entertainment submitted this OVA to the Australian Office of Film and Literature Classification in 1997, the OVA was refused a rating.[33][34] It is suspected that this version was the already censored version from the UK (the print reviewed ran 55 mins, whereas the original print runs 60 mins.)[33] Since this OVA was banned, the release of the rest was scrapped.[33]

The OVAs were released uncut in Italy and France. In the United States it was also released uncut by Right Stuf under the Critical Mass label. Discotek Media just announced plans for a 2015 release of the uncut anime. [35] [32][36]

CB Chara Nagai Go World[edit]

The third OVA of CB Chara Nagai Go World is dedicated to the saga of Violence Jack, where it is confirmed that Jack is Akira Fudo after his battle with Satan.

Novels[edit]

Two novels were written by Yasutaka Nagai with illustrations by Go Nagai and published by Kadokawa Shoten.[37][38] The first one, Tokyo Metsubo Hen (東京滅亡編?) was released in August 1986[39][40] while the second one, Kanto Slum-gai Hen (関東スラム街編 kantō suramu gai hen?), was released in April 1987.[41][42]

In July 1995, another novel titled Violence Jack: Ogon Toshi Hen (バイオレンスジャック 黄金都市編 baiorensu jakku ōgon toshi hen?), written by Tatsuhiko Dan with illustration by Go Nagai, was released by Kodansha.[38][43][44][45]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Work chronology 1970-1974" (in Japanese). Go-mania. Retrieved June 22, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Go Nagai work chronology" (in Japanese). The World of Go Nagai. Retrieved June 22, 2009. 
  3. ^ "Go Nagai works list 1971-1975". Nagai Go Special Corner (in Japanese). eBOOK Initiative Japan Co. Ltd. Retrieved June 22, 2009. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Work chronology 1975-1979" (in Japanese). Go-mania. Retrieved June 22, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Go Nagai works list 1976-1980". Nagai Go Special Corner (in Japanese). eBOOK Initiative Japan Co. Ltd. Retrieved June 22, 2009. [dead link]
  6. ^ "Work chronology 1980-1984" (in Japanese). Go-mania. Retrieved June 22, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Go Nagai works list 1981-1990". Nagai Go Special Corner (in Japanese). eBOOK Initiative Japan Co. Ltd. Retrieved June 22, 2009. [dead link]
  8. ^ "Work chronology 1990-1994" (in Japanese). Go-mania. Retrieved June 22, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Go Nagai works list 1991-2000". Nagai Go Special Corner (in Japanese). eBOOK Initiative Japan Co. Ltd. Retrieved June 22, 2009. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Work chronology 2000-2004" (in Japanese). Go-mania. Retrieved June 22, 2009. 
  11. ^ a b "Go Nagai works list 2001-". Nagai Go Special Corner (in Japanese). eBOOK Initiative Japan Co. Ltd. Retrieved June 22, 2009. [dead link]
  12. ^ a b "Work chronology 2005-2009" (in Japanese). Go-mania. Retrieved June 22, 2009. 
  13. ^ "Weekly Comic Bunch #04/11 - zasshi net" (in Japanese). zassi.net Inc. Retrieved June 22, 2009. 
  14. ^ "Comic Bunch 2008 #17". Magazine (in Japanese). Goraku Academics. Retrieved June 22, 2009. [dead link]
  15. ^ "新バイオレンスジャック 上" [New Violence Jack first volume] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved August 6, 2010. 
  16. ^ "新バイオレンスジャック 下" [New Violence Jack last volume] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved August 6, 2010. 
  17. ^ a b c "Violence Jack (OVAs)" (in Japanese). Go-mania. Retrieved June 24, 2009. 
  18. ^ "Asahi Record [Violence Jack]" (in Japanese). Asahi Record Co. Ltd. Retrieved June 24, 2009. 
  19. ^ "Bishōjo Video List". KenSan's H OVA DB (in Japanese). Retrieved June 24, 2009. 
  20. ^ "Violence Jack: Harem Bomber" (in Japanese). allcinema. Retrieved June 24, 2009. 
  21. ^ "History of OVA" (in Japanese). Retrieved June 24, 2009. 
  22. ^ "Violence Jack Jigokugai" (in Japanese). Chuko Video & DVD Hanbai (Adult Video Shop selection.net). Retrieved June 24, 2009. 
  23. ^ "Violence Jack: Hell's Wind Hen" (in Japanese). allcinema. Retrieved June 24, 2009. 
  24. ^ "MANGA VIDEO: Violence Jack 1". Feature Films. Manga Entertainment Inc. Archived from the original on September 3, 1999. Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  25. ^ "MANGA VIDEO: Violence Jack 2". Feature Films. Manga Entertainment Inc. Archived from the original on September 3, 1999. Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  26. ^ "MANGA VIDEO: Violence Jack 3". Feature Films. Manga Entertainment Inc. Archived from the original on September 3, 1999. Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  27. ^ Patten Fred (July 1998). "The Anime "Porn" Market". Animation World Magazine, Issue 3.4. Animation World Network. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  28. ^ http://www.bbfc.co.uk/website/Classified.nsf/0/62FDFF4F6045B8AB802566C000341D88?OpenDocument
  29. ^ http://www.bbfc.co.uk/website/Classified.nsf/0/AF8D784EEDCB6FE4802566C000342D54?OpenDocument
  30. ^ http://www.bbfc.co.uk/website/Classified.nsf/0/4B3FCE3A2124B499802566C000343629?OpenDocument
  31. ^ "BBFC Video Cuts: V". Melon Farmers Censorship Watch. Melon Farmers Ltd. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  32. ^ a b Lazar Jim; Jones Kris (April 14, 2004). "Violence Jack Editing Report". No Editing Zone. animeprime.com. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  33. ^ a b c Jack-Evil Town "Film V". Animation World Magazine, Issue 3.4. Refused-Classification.com. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  34. ^ Williams, Rod. "V Titles". Chopping List - banned & censored movies in australia. Australia. Retrieved June 26, 2009. [dead link]
  35. ^ https://www.facebook.com/147168055312297/photos/a.196378827057886.55668.147168055312297/867491556613273/?type=1&theater
  36. ^ "Critical Mass Video’s "Violence Jack UNCUT" Parts 1-3 Release Announcement". The Right Stuf Anime News. The Right Stuf International. October 7, 1996. Archived from the original on February 20, 1999. Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  37. ^ "Nagai Go - Illustration book list (part 1)". Nagai Go. Dynamic Land. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  38. ^ "Violence Jack 1 (novel) product description". Seven and Y Corp. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  39. ^ "Violence Jack 1 (novel) product description". Amazon Japan. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  40. ^ "Violence Jack 2 (novel) product description". Seven and Y Corp. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  41. ^ "Violence Jack 2 (novel) product description". Amazon Japan. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  42. ^ "Nagai Go - Illustration book list (part 2)". Nagai Go. Dynamic Land. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  43. ^ "Violence Jack: Ogon Toshi Hen product description". Seven and Y Corp. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  44. ^ "Violence Jack: Ogon Toshi Hen product description". Amazon Japan. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 

External links[edit]