|Deputy Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha|
19 April 1962 - 16 November 1969
|Born||24 April 1908|
|Died||November 20, 1969(aged 61)|
Violet Hari Alva (April 24, 1908 - November 20, 1969) was an Indian lawyer and politician and Deputy Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha. She was the first woman lawyer to appear before a High Court in India and the first to preside over the Rajya Sabha.
Alva was born Violet Hari on April 24, 1908 in Ahmedabad. She was the eighth of nine children. Violet's father, Reverend Laxman Hari, was one of the first Indian pastors of the Church of England. Having lost both her parents when she was sixteen, her older siblings provided for her education till her matriculation at Bombay's Clare Road Convent. She graduated from St. Xavier's College, Bombay and Government Law College. For a while thereafter, she was a professor of English at the Indian Women's University, Bombay.
In 1937, Violet married freedom fighter and later parliamentarian Joachim Alva. The couple set up legal practice together. In 1943, Violet Alva was arrested by British Indian authorities. Pregnant with her second son, Chittaranjan, Alva was imprisoned in Arthur Road Jail.
In 1969, Alva resigned after Indira Gandhi declined to back Alva as Vice-President of India. She suffered a fatal cerebral haemorrhage three days later.
- "Former Deputy Chairmen of the Rajya Sabha". Rajya Sabha Official website.
- "Rajya Sabha Members Biographical Sketches 1952 - 2003 :A". Rajya Sabha website.
- "Biographical Sketches of Deputy Chairmen Rajya Sabha". Rajya Sabha website.
- "Smt. Margaret Alva,: Bio-sketch". Parliament of India website.
- A stamp in memory of Joachim and Violet Alva Rediff.com, November 20, 2008.
- "Picture perfect parliamentarians". The Hindu. Dec 4, 2007.