|Died||2 May 1956
|Resting place||Kingsthorpe, England|
|Parents||The 1st Baron Ashbourne, Frances Maria Adelaide Colles|
Shooting of Mussolini
On 7 April 1926, Violet Gibson shot Mussolini, Italy's Fascist leader, while he sat in a car after leaving an assembly of the International Congress of Surgeons, to whom he had delivered a speech on the wonders of modern medicine. Gibson shot at Mussolini three times twice hitting him in the nose. Gibson was almost lynched on the spot by an angry mob, but police intervened and took her off for questioning. Mussolini was wounded only slightly and after his nose was bandaged he continued his parade on the Capitoline.
At the time of the assassination attempt Violet Gibson was 50 years old and did not explain her reason for trying to assassinate Mussolini. It has been theorised that Gibson, an Anglo-Irish aristocrat, was insane at the time of the attack and the idea of assassinating Mussolini was hers and that she worked alone. Gibson was later deported to Britain after being released without charge at the request of Mussolini.
Notes and references
- JSTOR A Character Study and Life History of Violet Gibson Who Attempted the Life of Benito Mussolini, on the 7th of April, 1926
- The Woman Who Shot Mussolini - Daily Telegraph book review 2010
- The Woman Who Shot Mussolini - The Guardian book review 2010
- The Woman Who Shot Mussolini (BBC radio adaptation)