The violet macaw (Anodorhynchus purpurascens) is an hypothetical extinct species of parrot. Its native name was oné couli. It was described by Rothschild and featured in his book, Extinct Birds published in 1907, but there is very little evidence to support it as separate species. Rothschild named the species because uniform bluish coloured macaws were said to have inhabited the island of Guadeloupe; however, they were probably hyacinth macaws imported from the mainland of South America. The sources Rothschild referred to have not been traced, and only the genus Ara is known to have colonised the West Indies.