Viracopos International Airport
|Viracopos–Campinas International Airport
Aeroporto Internacional de Viracopos–Campinas
|IATA: VCP – ICAO: SBKP|
|Operator||Infraero, Aeroportos Brasil|
|Serves||Campinas, São Paulo|
|Hub for||Azul Brazilian Airlines|
|Elevation AMSL||661 m / 2,170 ft|
|Metric tonnes of cargo||246,219|
Sources: Airport Website, ANAC
Viracopos–Campinas International Airport (IATA: VCP, ICAO: SBKP), also known as Viracopos International Airport, is an international airport serving Campinas, Brazil. On 6 January 1987, the airport name was officially normalized to its present form. It is named after the neighborhood where it is located.
In 2012 the airport was ranked 7th in terms of transported passengers, 9th, in terms of aircraft operations, and 2nd in terms of cargo handled in Brazil, placing it amongst the busiest airports in the country. It is no longer operated by Infraero, having been conceded to Aeroportos Brasil Viracopos in 2012.
The IATA airport code of Viracopos is VCP and the specific city code of Campinas is CPQ. Sometimes both codes are used as one although there is a distinction between them in airline reservation systems: VCP, together with CGH (Congonhas) and GRU (Guarulhos), is part of the multiple airport system set around the city of São Paulo (code SAO). An airline that files services with the code VCP has flights displayed when passengers or travel agents request service from São Paulo, whereas flights filed with the code CPQ are displayed as service from Campinas, not São Paulo. A similar example is New York City (NYC), in which the airport codes LGA (LaGuardia Airport), JFK (John F. Kennedy International Airport), and EWR (Newark Liberty International Airport) are used for the same city, although the latter is located in a different city and state.
There are two versions of the origin of the name Viracopos (Turn glasses). The first indicates in the beginning of the 20th century, during an annual fair, there was a misunderstanding between the parish priest and the residents of the neighborhood. This resulted in excessive drinking and quarrels in which the festival booths were torn down, or overturned, during the confusion. The word Viracopos ("flip glasses") was later used by the priest in sermons, referring to the event. Another version says that, on the site of the present airport, previously there had been a bar where herders had regularly met to exchange views and drink. So "viracopos" was first the name of the district and later of the airport.
Viracopos's origin can be traced to a simple airfield near Campinas built during the 1932 Constitutionalist Revolution in São Paulo. During the 1950s it started being used by cargo companies. In 1960 it was improved with a 3,240 m runway, long enough to accommodate the first generation of intercontinental jet planes such as the Boeing 707, de Havilland Comet, Vickers VC10, Convair 990, and Douglas DC-8, and received its first international flight. Furthermore, Viracopos served (and still serves) as an alternate airport for Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport and São Paulo airports particularly because it rarely closes due to bad weather conditions (an average of only 5 days per year). Soon airlines such as Varig, VASP and Real established services to Viracopos.
In the 1970s Viracopos became the international airport for São Paulo, because the runway of São Paulo-Congonhas Airport was too short to accommodate intercontinental jet planes. In practice, however, the distance of nearly 100 km from Viracopos to São Paulo made it very inconvenient for passengers and airlines. As a result, direct international passenger service was limited because most international passengers simply opted to fly instead to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport and then connect to Congonhas Airport, which is located very close to downtown. At that time, Viracopos even appeared on the Guinness Book of Records as the furthest airport from the city it allegedly served.
The position of international airport of São Paulo was lost in 1985 with the opening of Guarulhos International Airport and Viracopos entered into a decade of stagnation, with all international and most domestic flights transferred to Guarulhos and Congonhas.
However, recognizing the strategic importance of Viracopos for the economy, Infraero, the airport administrator in 1995 started to implement a master plan of renovations aiming at the building of a new airport, focusing its efforts on the segment of cargo transportation. The first phase was completed in the first half of 2004, when the airport received new passenger departure and arrival lounges, public areas, commercial concessions and a new cargo terminal. The second phase of the passenger terminal expansion project was completed in 2005 and a new control tower was built, storage and processing facilities for the cargo terminal expanded, and the passenger terminal was entirely revamped. A third phase of expansion, which would build a second runway by 2013, was projected. However, since the airport was conceded in 2012, the deadline for the new runway was postponed until 2018.
Being the second busiest cargo airport in Brazil, Viracopos has 77,000 square meters (646,000 square feet) of cargo terminals, 1,700 square meters (18,300 square feet) for animal cargo, and 1,480 cubic meters (52,200 square feet) of refrigerated space. As a major import/export hub, Viracopos enjoys 'express lanes' for courier traffic which are exceptionally quick and unbureaucratic by Brazilian standards.
The region of Campinas, like most of the interior of the state of São Paulo, is one of the most prosperous in Brazil, with an impressive economic output. Its local domestic passenger traffic, combined with the intense domestic and international cargo traffic that also serves São Paulo, is large enough to make Viracopos a relatively busy airport. In fact, between 2008 and 2010 passenger traffic grew, from 1.02 million in 2008 to 7.5 million in 2011. The airport can handle 7 million passengers/year. The number of flights offered has increased dramatically since Azul Brazilian Airlines made Viracopos its main hub.
Following a decision made on 26 April 2011 by the Federal Government for private companies being granted concessions to explore some Infraero airports, on 6 February 2012, the administration of the airport was conceded, for 30 years, to the Consortium Aeroportos Brasil composed by the Brazilian Triunfo, an Investments and Funds Society (45%) and Engenharia e Participações, an Engineering and Investments Society (45%), and the French Aeroports Egis Avia (10%). Infraero, the state-run organization, will remain with 49% of the shares of the company incorporated for the administration.
On 31 August 2009, Infraero unveiled a R$ 2,814 million (US$ 1,482.6 million; € 1,038.8 million) investiment plan to up-grade Viracopos International Airport focusing on the preparations for the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the Summer Olympics in 2016 which will be held in Brazil, São Paulo (99 km away) being one of the venue cities. The investment also intends to provide infra-structure to the airport, alleviating the air-traffic presently concentrated at São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport. The investiment will be distributed as follows:
- Construction of a second runway until April 2013
- Construction of phase 1 of a new passenger terminal until May 2015
However, due to legal and bureaucratic issues, the planned developments never occurred. Since the concession to the Consortium Aeroportos Brasil, a new investment programme was announced by the new (private) operator. This programme includes a new runway and a new passenger terminal, along with other improvements. The new passenger terminal is scheduled to open in May 2014, before the 2014 FIFA World Cup.
Airlines and destinations
|ABSA Cargo Airline||Belo Horizonte-Confins, Caracas, Ciudad del Este, Lima, Medellín, Manaus, Miami, Recife, Porto Alegre, Quito, Salvador da Bahia, Santiago de Chile, Tucumán, Vitória|
|Cargolux||Bogotá, Curitiba-Afonso Pena, Luxembourg, Milan-Malpensa, Quito|
|Centurion Air Cargo||Miami|
|Emirates SkyCargo||Dakar, Dubai, Frankfurt|
|FedEx Express||Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Memphis, Santiago de Chile|
|Florida West International Airways||Miami, Salvador da Bahia|
|Korean Air Cargo||Anchorage, Lima, Los Angeles, Miami|
|LAN Cargo||Amsterdam, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Caracas, Frankfurt, Iquique, Manaus, Miami, Porto Alegre, Salvador da Bahia, Santiago de Chile, Tucumán, Vitória|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Dakar, Frankfurt, Quito, Tucumán|
|Martinair||Amsterdam, Miami, Quito|
|MasAir||Los Angeles, Mérida, Mexico City|
Accidents and incidents
- 23 November 1961: an Aerolíneas Argentinas de Havilland DH-106 Comet 4 registration LV-AHR operating flight 322 from Campinas-Viracopos to Port of Spain after reaching an altitude of about 100m lost altitude, collided with a eucalyptus forest and crashed. All 12 crew and 40 passengers on board were killed. The accident was attributed to pilot error.
- 15 September 2001: a TAM Airlines Fokker 100 registration PT-MRN operating the charter flight 9755, flying from Recife to Campinas-Viracopos, following an uncontrolled engine failure en route to Campinas had 3 cabin windows shattered by fragments of the engine and made an emergency landing at Belo Horizonte-Confins. One passenger was sucked out partly and held by another passenger until the aircraft landed. The passenger did not survive though.
- 13 October 2012: a Centurion Air Cargo McDonnell Douglas MD-11 registration N988AR operating flight 425 from Miami to Campinas-Viracopos lost a landing gear while landing on runway 15, causing damage to both the aircraft and runway. No injuries were reported. Following the incident, the airport was closed for 45 hours before the damaged aircraft was removed and the runway reopened. This caused a major traffic disruption with the airlines that operate at the airport.
The airport is located 99 km (62 mi) northwest of the state capital city of São Paulo and 20 km (12 mi) southwest of Campinas, adjacent to the Bandeirantes-Anhanguera highway complex, which connects the capital city to the interior of São Paulo state.
- "Movimento operacional da rede Infraero de janeiro a dezembro de 2012" (in Portuguese). Infraero. January 14, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- "Airport Official Website" (in Portuguese). Infraero.
- "Lista de aeródromos públicos" (in Portuguese). ANAC.
- "Lei n˚7.585, de 6 de janeiro de 1987" (in Portuguese). Câmara dos Deputados. 6 January 1987. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- "Estatísticas" (in Portuguese). Infraero. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- "Conheça o Consórcio Aeroportos Brasil que irá operar em Viracopos" (in Portuguese). Exame. 6 February 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Azul Brazilian Airlines, ed. (2011). "Viracopos, o nosso escolhido". Bem-vindo à bordo (in Portuguese) (Campinas: Azul Brazilian Airlines) (8): 23–25.
- Torres, Carmen Lígia (2011). "Capital privado dá novo impulso: Plano do governo federal é criar o maior centro aeroportuário do país". Polo de inovação: Centros de pesquisa são a base do desenvolvimento (in Portuguese) (São Paulo: Valor Econômico): 36.
- Bitencourt, Rafael (26 April 2011). "Governo define concessão de obras em 3 aeroportos, diz Palocci" (in Portuguese). Valor Online. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Home" (in Portuguese). Triunfo. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- "Home" (in Portuguese). UTC Engenharia e Participações. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- "Home". Egis Avia. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- Rittner, Daniel (7 February 2012). "Cumbica, Viracopos e Brasília são privatizados" (in Portuguese). Valor Econômico. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- Salomon, Marta; Monteiro, Tânia (1 June 2011). "Governo pretende privatizar três aeroportos e abrir o capital da Infraero" (in Portuguese). O Estado de São Paulo: Economia. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- "Brazil moves swiftly (at last) to award airport concessions". CAPA. 9 February 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Rittner, Daniel; Braga, Paulo Victor (31 August 2009). "Infraero vai gastar R$5 bi em reforma de aeroportos". Valor Econômico (in Portuguese). pp. A4.
- "Home" (in Portuguese). Viracopos.
- EY cargo
- "Accident description LV-AHR". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
- "Accident description PT-MRN". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
- Marra, Lívia (16 September 2001). "Avião da TAM acidentado em Minas havia sido revisado no mês passado" (in Portuguese). Folha Online. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
- Hradecky, Simon (15 October 2012). "Accident: Centurion MD11 at Sao Paulo on Oct 13th 2012, left main gear collapsed during roll out". Aviation Herald. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
- Airport information for SBKP at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- Airport information for SBKP at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
- Accident history for VCP at Aviation Safety Network
- Viracopos International Airport Photo Archive at airliners.net