Virginia's 1st congressional district

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Virginia's 1st congressional district
Current Representative Rob Wittman (RMontross)
Population (2000) 643,514
Median income $50,257
Ethnicity 76.1% White, 18.6% Black, 1.7% Asian, 3.0% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% other
Cook PVI R+8[1]

Virginia's first congressional district is a United States congressional district in the commonwealth of Virginia. Virginian politicians often refer to it as "America's First District" as the district includes Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in the New World. [2][3][4] The district has been represented by Republican Rob Wittman since 2007.


The district from 2003 to 2013

Voting[edit]

Year Office Results
1996 President Dole (R) 52 - 40% [5]
Senator Warner (R) 58 - 42% [6]
1997 Governor Gilmore (R) 60 - 38% [7]
Lieutenant Governor Hager (R) 55 - 40% [8]
Attorney General Earley (R) 62 - 38% [9]
2000 President Bush (R) 58 - 39% [10]
Senator Allen (R) 56 - 44% [11]
2001 Governor Earley (R) 51 - 49% [12]
Lieutenant Governor Katzen (R) 53 - 46% [13]
Attorney General Kilgore (R) 66 - 34% [14]
2002 Senator Warner 85 - 8 - 6%[15]
2004 President Bush 60 - 39%[16]
Representative Davis 79 - 20%[17]
2005 Governor Kilgore 51 - 46%[18]
Lieutenant Governor Bolling 56 - 43%[19]
Attorney General McDonnell 56 - 44%[20]
2006 Senator Allen 54 - 44%[21]
Representative Davis 63 - 35%[22]
2008 President McCain 51 - 48%[23]
Senator Warner 61 - 37%[24]
Representative Wittman 57 - 42%[25]
2009 Governor McDonnell 65 - 35%[26]
Lieutenant Governor Bolling 62 - 38%[27]
Attorney General Cuccinelli 58 - 42%[28]
2010 Representative Wittman 64 - 35%[29]
2012 President Romney 53 - 45%[30]
Senator Allen 53 - 47%[31]
Representative Wittman 56 - 41%[32]

Area covered[edit]

It covers all or part of the following political subdivisions:

Counties[edit]

Cities[edit]

The entirety of:

Portions of:

The seat is currently held by Republican Rob Wittman.

Historic district boundaries[edit]

The Virginia First District started in 1788 covering the counties of Berkeley, Frederick, Hampshire, Hardy, Harrison, Monongalia, Ohio, Randolph and Shenandoah.[33] Of these only Shenandoah and Frederick Counties are in Virginia today; the rest are now part of West Virginia. The modern counties of Clarke, Warren and most of Page as well as the independent city of Winchester were included as part of Frederick and Shenandoah counties in 1788. In West Virginia all the current state north and east of a generalized line running from Wood County to Pocahontas County was in the congressional district. The one exception was that Pendleton County, West Virginia was in Virginia's 3rd congressional district.

In the redistribution which followed the 1850 census (in force 1853-1863), the First District comprised sixteen counties in eastern Virginia. The counties included (amongst others) Accomack, Essex, Gloucester, James City, King and Queen, Mathews, Middlesex, New Kent, Richmond, Warwick and Westmoreland. In an 1862 Union special election three out of the sixteen counties in the Union district supplied returns.

The First District is noted for its strong presence of military institutions, including the Naval Surface Warfare Center. Increasing numbers of military and retired voters have swung the district to the right. [34]

Election results[edit]

Virginia's 1st congressional district election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican JoAnn Davis 151,344 57.5%
Democratic Lawrence A. Davies 97,399 37.0%
Independent Sharon A. Wood 9,652 3.7%
Independent Josh Billings 4,082 1.6%
Write-ins 537 0.2%
Totals 263,014 100.00%
Republican hold
Virginia's 1st congressional district election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican JoAnn Davis (inc.) 113,168 95.9%
Write-ins 4,829 4.1%
Totals 117,997 100.00%
Republican hold
Virginia's 1st congressional district election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican JoAnn Davis (inc.) 225,071 78.6%
Independent William A. Lee 57,434 20.0%
Write-ins 4,029 1.4%
Totals 286,534 100.00%
Republican hold
Virginia's 1st congressional district election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican JoAnn Davis (inc.) 143,889 63.0%
Democratic Shawn M. O'Donnell 81,083 35.5%
Independent Marvin F. Pixton III 3,236 1.4%
Write-ins 326 0.1%
Totals 228,534 100.00%
Republican hold
Virginia's 1st congressional district special election, 2007[35]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Rob Wittman 42,772 60.8%
Democratic Philip Forgit 26,282 37.3%
Independent Lucky R. Narain 1,253 1.8%
Write-ins 75 0.1%
Totals 70,382 100.00%
Republican hold
Virginia's 1st Congressional District election, 2008 [36]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Rob Wittman (inc.) 203,839 56.6%
Democratic Bill Day 150,432 41.8%
Libertarian Nathan Larson 5,265 1.5%
Write-in 756 0.2%
Totals 360,292 100%
Republican hold
Virginia's 1st Congressional District election, 2010 [37]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Rob Wittman (inc.) 135,564 63.9%
Democratic Krystal M. Ball 73,824 34.8%
Independent Greens G. Gail Parker 2,544 1.2%
Write-in 304 0.1%
Totals 212,236 100%
Republican hold
Virginia's 1st Congressional District election, 2012 [38]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Rob Wittman (inc.) 200,845 56.3%
Democratic Adam M. Cook 147,036 41.2%
Independent Greens G. Gail Parker 8,308 2.3%
Write-in 617 0.2%
Totals 356,806 100%
Republican hold

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Alexander White Pro-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
Retired
Robert Rutherford Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
DanielMorgan.jpeg Daniel Morgan Federalist March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Retired
Robert Page Federalist March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Retired
John Smith Democratic-Republican March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Redistricted to Virginia's 3rd district
Johngeorgejackson.jpg John G. Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
September 28, 1810
Resigned
Vacant September 29, 1810 –
December 20, 1810
William McKinley Democratic-Republican December 21, 1810 –
March 3, 1811
Lost re-election
Thomas Wilson Federalist March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
Lost re-election
Johngeorgejackson.jpg John G. Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
Retired
James Pindall Federalist March 4, 1817 –
July 26, 1820
Resigned
Vacant July 27, 1820 –
October 22, 1820
Edward B. Jackson Democratic-Republican October 23, 1820 –
March 3, 1823
Retired
Thomas Newton, Jr. Adams-Clay D-R March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Election invalidated
Adams March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
Anti-Jackson March 4, 1829 –
March 9, 1830
George Loyall Jackson March 9, 1830 –
March 3, 1831
Lost re-election
Thomas Newton, Jr. Anti-Jackson March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Retired
George Loyall Jackson March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
Retired
Francis Mallory Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Lost re-election
Joel Holleman Democratic March 4, 1839 –
December 1, 1840
Resigned
Vacant December 2, 1840 –
December 27, 1840
Francis Mallory Whig December 28, 1840 –
March 3, 1843
Retired
Archibald Atkinson Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
Retired
John S. Millson Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
Redistricted to Virginia's 2nd district
Thomas H. Bayly Democratic March 4, 1853 –
June 23, 1856
Died
Vacant June 24, 1856 –
November 30, 1856
Muscoe R. H. Garnett Democratic December 1, 1856 –
March 3, 1861
Retired
Vacant March 4, 1861 –
March 15, 1862
Joseph Segar.jpg Joseph E. Segar Unionist March 16, 1862 –
March 3, 1863
Vacant March 4, 1863 –
January 30, 1870
Civil War
Richard S. Ayer Republican January 31, 1870 –
March 3, 1871
Retired
John Critcher Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Retired
James B. Sener Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Lost re-election
Beverly B. Douglas Democratic March 4, 1875 –
December 22, 1878
Died
Vacant December 23, 1878 –
January 22, 1879
Richard L. T. Beale - Brady-Handy.jpg Richard L. T. Beale Democratic January 23, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
Retired
George T. Garrison Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
Lost re-election
Robert M. Mayo Readjuster March 4, 1883 –
March 20, 1884
Election invalidated
George T. Garrison Democratic March 20, 1884 –
March 3, 1885
Retired
Thomas Croxton Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1887
Lost re-election
Thomas H. B. Browne.jpg Thomas H. B. Browne Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
Lost re-election
William Atkinson Jones later years.jpg William A. Jones Democratic March 4, 1891 –
April 17, 1918
Died
Vacant April 18 –
July 1, 1918 July 2, 1918
S. Otis Bland Democratic July 2, 1918 –
March 3, 1933
Redistricted to Virginia's at-Large district
District eliminated March 4, 1933
District recreated January 3, 1935
S. Otis Bland Democratic January 3, 1935 –
February 16, 1950
Died
Vacant February 16, 1950 –
May 2, 1950
Edward J. Robeson, Jr. Democratic May 2, 1950 –
January 3, 1959
Lost re-election
Thomas N. Downing.jpg Thomas N. Downing Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1977
Retired
PaulSTrible.jpg Paul S. Trible, Jr. Republican January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1983
Retired to run for U.S. Senator
HerbertBateman.jpg Herbert H. Bateman Republican January 3, 1983 –
September 11, 2000
Died
Vacant September 11, 2000 –
January 3, 2001
Jo ann davis 2.jpg Jo Ann Davis Republican January 3, 2001 –
October 6, 2007
Died
Vacant October 6, 2007 –
December 11, 2007
Robwittman.jpg Robert J. Wittman Republican December 11, 2007 –
Present
Incumbent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Expressing Sorrow of the House at the Death of the Honorable Herbert H. Bateman, Member of Congress from the Commonwealth of Virginia". Congressional Record. Government Printing Office. September 12, 2000. Retrieved December 22, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Expressing the Condolences of the House of Representatives on the Death of the Honorable Jo Ann Davis, A Representative from the Commonwealth of Virginia". Congressional Record. Government Printing Office. October 9, 2007. Retrieved December 22, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Changes to the First District due to Redistricting". Retrieved December 22, 2012. 
  5. ^ "November 5, 1996 General Election For Office of PRESIDENT/VICE PRESIDENT of the United States". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  6. ^ "November 5, 1996 General Election For Office of UNITED STATES SENATE". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  7. ^ "NOVEMBER 4, 1997 GENERAL ELECTION For Office of Governor". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  8. ^ "NOVEMBER 4, 1997 GENERAL ELECTION For Office of Lieutenant Governor". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  9. ^ "NOVEMBER 4, 1997 GENERAL ELECTION For Office of Attorney General". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  10. ^ "November 7th - General Election". Virginia State Board of Elections. November 20, 2000. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  11. ^ "November 7th - General Election". Virginia State Board of Elections. November 20, 2000. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Official Results: Governor". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Official Results: Lieutenant Governor". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Official Results: Attorney General". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Official Results/U.S. Senate". November 5, 2002 General Election Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Official Results/President". Commonwealth of Virginia/November 2nd – General Election. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Official Results/U.S. House of Representatives". Commonwealth of Virginia/November 2nd – General Election. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Official Results/Governor". General Election – November 8, 2005. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Official Results/Lieutenant Governor". General Election – November 8, 2005. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Official Results/Attorney General". General Election – November 8, 2005. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Official Results/U.S. Senate". General Election – November 7, 2006. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Official Results/U.S. House of Representatives". General Election – November 7, 2006. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  23. ^ "President>President And Vice President>Votes By District". November 2008 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  24. ^ "Congress>U.S. Senate>United States Senate>Votes By District". November 2008 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  25. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives". November 2008 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Governor>Votes by District". November 2009 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Lieutenant Governor>Votes by District". November 2009 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Attorney General>Votes by District". November 2009 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  29. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives". November 2, 2010 General and Special Elections Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  30. ^ "President>President And Vice President>Votes By District". November 2012 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Congress>U.S. Senate>United States Senate>Votes By District". November 2012 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  32. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives". November 2012 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  33. ^ Parsons, Stanley B., William W. Beach and Dan Hermann. United States Congressional Districts, 1788-1841 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1978) p. 7
  34. ^ "Virginia 1st District". National Journal Almanac. National Journal Group Inc. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  35. ^ https://www.voterinfo.sbe.virginia.gov/election/Data/2007/C1B0FA46-55B2-4D62-AA16-B971618E0711/Official/6_s.shtml
  36. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2008election.pdf
  37. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2010election.pdf
  38. ^ "November 6, 2012 General Election Official Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 14, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°51′08″N 76°54′24″W / 37.85222°N 76.90667°W / 37.85222; -76.90667