|Virginia striatula, rough earth snake|
Baird & Girard, 1853
- Virginia pulchra (Richmond, 1954) - mountain earth snake
- Virginia striatula (Linnaeus, 1766) - rough earth snake
- Virginia valeriae Baird & Girard, 1853 - smooth earth snake
- V. pulchra - eastern United States, from Pennsylvania to West Virginia
- V. striatula - southeastern United States, from Oklahoma and Texas to North Carolina and Florida.
- V. valeriae - eastern half of the United States, from Iowa and Texas to Pennsylvania and Florida.
Ranges overlap; it is unknown if hybridization occurs.
Virginia species are small snakes, rarely exceeding 10 inches (25 cm) in total length. They are normally a uniform brown color, with a lighter colored underside. Differentiating species can be difficult, but V. valeriae has smooth scales, whereas V. striatula has keeled scales. V. pulchra has weakly keeled scales.
Virginia species are fossorial, spending the vast majority of their time buried in loose soil, under rotting logs, or in leaf litter.
- Boulenger, G.A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History), Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, Printers). London. xi + 382 pp. + Plates I.- XX. (Virginia, pp. 288-289.)
- Wright, A.H., and A.A. Wright. 1957. Handbook of Snakes of the United States and Canada. Comstock. Ithaca and London. 1,105 pp. (in 2 volumes) (Genus Haldea, p. 286.)
- Richmond, Neil D. 1954. The ground snake Haldea valeriae in Pennsylvania and West Virginia, with a description of a new subspecies. Annals Carn. Mus. 33 (15): 251-260.
- Baird, S.F., and C.F. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part I.—Serpents. Smithsonian Institution. Washington, District of Columbia. xvi + 172 pp. (Genus Virginia, p. 127.)
- Blanchard, F.N. 1923. The Snakes of the Genus Virginia. Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 3: 343–365, illustrations.
- South Carolina Reptiles & Amphibians
- Snakes of Georgia & South Carolina
- Genus Virginia at The Reptile Database
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