Virginia (genus)

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Virginia
Virginia striatula.jpg
Virginia striatula, rough earth snake
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Subfamily: Natricinae
Genus: Virginia
Baird & Girard, 1853[1]
Synonyms

Amphiardis, Calamaria, Celuta, Coluber, Conocephalus, Falconeria, Haldea, Natrix, Potamophis[2]

Virginia is a genus of small, terrestrial, colubrid snakes, native to the United States. They are commonly referred to as earth snakes.

Species[edit]

Geographic range[edit]

Ranges overlap; it is unknown if hybridization occurs.

Description[edit]

Virginia species are small snakes, rarely exceeding 10 inches (25 cm) in total length. They are normally a uniform brown color, with a lighter colored underside. Differentiating species can be difficult, but V. valeriae has smooth scales, whereas V. striatula has keeled scales. V. pulchra has weakly keeled scales.[3]

Habitat[edit]

Virginia species are fossorial, spending the vast majority of their time buried in loose soil, under rotting logs, or in leaf litter.

Diet[edit]

They eat earthworms and soft bodied arthropods. They themselves are a food source for other species of snake, like the coral snake.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boulenger, G.A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History), Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, Printers). London. xi + 382 pp. + Plates I.- XX. (Virginia, pp. 288-289.)
  2. ^ Wright, A.H., and A.A. Wright. 1957. Handbook of Snakes of the United States and Canada. Comstock. Ithaca and London. 1,105 pp. (in 2 volumes) (Genus Haldea, p. 286.)
  3. ^ Richmond, Neil D. 1954. The ground snake Haldea valeriae in Pennsylvania and West Virginia, with a description of a new subspecies. Annals Carn. Mus. 33 (15): 251-260.

Further reading[edit]

  • Baird, S.F., and C.F. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part I.—Serpents. Smithsonian Institution. Washington, District of Columbia. xvi + 172 pp. (Genus Virginia, p. 127.)
  • Blanchard, F.N. 1923. The Snakes of the Genus Virginia. Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 3: 343–365, illustrations.

External links[edit]