Virginia Court of Chancery
The Virginia Courts of Chancery existed from 1777 to 1831.
High Court of Chancery
The Virginia General Assembly passed a law creating the High Court of Chancery during its October 1777 session. It met in the state capitol and was given jurisdiction over all equity cases for the entire state of Virginia, including those pending at the time in the General Court. The High Court of Chancery could hear cases brought before it by original process and appeals from a lower court. Its decisions could be appealed to the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals, and the High Court of Chancery could ask the General Court to give an opinion on a legal issue. On January 23, 1802, the General Assembly abolished the High Court of Chancery and replaced it with the Superior Courts of Chancery.
Chancellors of the High Court of Chancery
- John Blair: 1780-1788
- Robert Carter Nicholas, Sr.: 1779-1780
- Edmund Pendleton: 1777-1788
- George Wythe: 1777-1802
Superior Courts of Chancery
The Superior Courts of Chancery were created in 1802 to handle chancery matters initially handled by the High Court of Chancery. The state was divided into three chancery districts and cases from the counties composing the district were tried in a fixed location within each district. The records were kept in that location. Five additional districts were created before the court was supplanted by local Circuit Superior Courts of Law and Chancery in 1831. This court was sometimes called District Court of Chancery.
- Hening 9. pp. 389-99.
- Hening 10. p. 152.
- Hening 12. pp. 766-8.
- Shepherd 2. pp. 320-2.
- "Blair, John, Jr.", American National Biography Online.
- "Nicholas, Robert Carter", American National Biography Online.
- "Pendleton, Edmund", American National Biography Online.
- Kirtland (1986), 205.
- Crawford (2014).
- [American National Biography Online]. Oxford University Press. Accessed 3 July 2014.
- Crawford, Greg. "A Guide to the Virginia Superior Court of Chancery (Williamsburg District). Records, 1827". Library of Virginia. Library of Virginia. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- Headlee, Jr., Thomas Jefferson (1969). The Virginia State Court System, 1776-.
- Hening, William (1819-1823). The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia.
- "Jurisdiction Information". Library of Virginia. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- Kirtland, Robert B. (1986). George Wythe: Lawyer, Revolutionary, Judge.
- Shepherd, Samuel (1835). The Statutes at Large of Virginia.