Virginia State Route 3

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For the former State Route 3, see State Route 3 (Virginia 1918-1923).

State Route 3 marker

State Route 3
Route information
Maintained by VDOT
Length: 151 mi[1] (242 km)
Existed: 1933 – present
Major junctions
West end:
US 15 Bus. / US 522in Culpeper
  I‑95 / US 17 in Fredericksburg

SR 3 Bus. / US 360 in Warsaw
East end:
US 17 Bus. / SR 14 in Gloucester
Highway system
SR 2 SR 4
State Route 3 in rural Lancaster County

State Route 3 is a primary state highway in the U.S. state of Virginia that extends from the town of Culpeper south and eastwardly to Gloucester in Virginia's Middle Peninsula region. For many years, a portion was named "Historyland Highway".

Route description[edit]

Gloucester County[edit]

Route 3 begins as the John Clayton Memorial Highway in Gloucester, sharing the highway with State Route 14.

Mathews County[edit]

After entering Mathews County, Virginia, Route 3 takes a left onto Windsor Road and then a Right on Dutton Road. After that, it takes a left and crosses the Piankatank River.

Middlesex County[edit]

After crossing the Piankatank River, goes through Hartfield and Greys Point, and then crosses the Rappahannock River on the Robert O. Norris Bridge.

Lancaster County[edit]

Route 3 is called Mary Ball Road in Lancaster County, named after George Washington's mother Mary Ball Washington, who was born there.

Richmond County[edit]

In Richmond County, Route 3 splits into a business route and a bypass in Warsaw. The business route is concurrent with US 360 going through the town. After leaving the town, it narrows into two lanes.

Westmoreland County[edit]

Route 3 is a Scenic Byway between Montross and Oak Grove. It passes by Westmoreland State Park and the George Washington Birthplace National Monument.

King George County[edit]

The King George County segment of State Route 3 is known as King's Highway throughout the county. It traverses the county boundaries in a fairly east–west direction, starting at the King George County-Westmoreland County boundary line. It extends westward, crossing U.S. Route 301 and widening back to four lanes as it continues towards Stafford County and the city of Fredericksburg.

Kings Highway is also the main access road to Interstate 95 through Fredericksburg for King George County.

A large portion of the King George County Administration is situated on Kings Highway. The county courthouse, county seat, Sheriff's office, the offices of the Board of Supervisors and School Board are located at State Route 3 through King George County.

Stafford County[edit]

Route 3 enters the county after passing over Muddy Creek. In Stafford County, Route 3 is called Kings Highway. It passes by Ferry Farm, the boyhood home of George Washington.

City of Fredericksburg[edit]

Route 3 splits into a business route and a bypass while going through Fredericksburg. The bypass is called the Blue and Gray Parkway. The business route follows William Street. Both routes enter the city by passing over the Rappahannock River, although on different bridges. They rejoin as William Street just before the U.S. 1 interchange. The street name changes to Plank Road somewhere between Route 1 and Interstate 95.

Spotsylvania County[edit]

Route 3 is known as Plank Road in Spotsylvania County. It's a divided highway of at least four lanes, sometimes six and eight, for the duration of this segment. The Spotsylvania Mall and large Central Park regional shopping center next to it, are located at the junction with Interstate 95. It is the most heavily traveled portion of Route 3.

Orange County[edit]

SR 3 slightly goes through Orange County. When entering westbound the highway intersects VA 20 at Wilderness.

Culpeper County[edit]

Route 3 is known as Germanna Highway in Culpeper County, after an early colonial community of German ironworkers.

Town of Culpeper[edit]

Route 3 enters the town of Culpeper after crossing over the U.S. Route 15/U.S. Route 29 bypass of the city. It ends at U.S. Route 15 Business at an intersection with Orange Road.

History[edit]

State Route 7 was defined as part of the original 1918 state highway system from Winchester southeast via Front Royal, and Culpeper to Fredericksburg, and then along the Northern Neck via Warsaw to Reedville.[2] This is now approximated by U.S. Route 522, State Route 3, and U.S. Route 360.

In late 1921, the State Highway Commission looked at possible routes between Winchester and Front Royal, specifically via Middletown to Cedarville and via Boyce, White Post, Stone Bridge, and Rockland to Cedarville, and decided on the direct route via Double Toll Gate.[3]

SR 7 at first ran from Montross via Templeman to Warsaw and then east via Heathsville to Reedville.[4] By late 1922, a branch northwest from Callao via Hague to Templeman was added and assigned the State Route 7-X designation.[5][6]

In the 1923 renumbering, SR 7 became State Route 37 (and SR 7-X became State Route 371). By the end of that year, SR 37's east end was moved from Reedville to Westland,[7] and the old road between Warsaw and Reedville became part of SR 371.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
Culpeper Culpeper 0.00 0.00
US 15 Bus. / US 522 north (Germanna Highway) – Winchester
Western end of US 522 concurrency
1.30 2.09 US 15 / US 29 (James Madison Highway) – Orange, Charlottesville, Leesburg, Washington Diamond interchange
1.62 2.61 US 522 south (Zachary Taylor Highway) – Mineral, Powhatan Eastern end of US 522 concurrency
Orange Wilderness 19.24 30.96 SR 20 south (Constitution Highway) – Orange, Charlottesville Northern terminus of SR 20
Spotsylvania
No major junctions
City of Fredericksburg 31.91 51.35 I‑95 / US 17 – Richmond, Washington Exit 130 (I-95)
33.15 53.35 US 1 (Jefferson Davis Highway) – Richmond, Alexandria Cloverleaf interchange
33.39 53.74
SR 3 Bus. east (William Street)
Western terminus of SR 3 Bus.
33.92 54.59
US 1 Bus. (Lafayette Boulevard)
34.92 56.20
US 17 Bus. / SR 2 (Dixon Street) – Bowling Green, Richmond
Partial cloverleaf interchange
Stafford Ferry Farm 35.61 57.31
SR 3 Bus. west (Kings Highway)
King George Arnolds Corner 50.84 81.82 SR 206 east (Dahlgren Road) – Dahlgren Western terminus of SR 206
King George 53.42 85.97 SR 205 east (Ridge Road) – Edgehill Western terminus of SR 205
Office Hall 54.98 88.48 US 301 (James Madison Parkway) – Bowling Green, Baltimore
Westmoreland Oak Grove 65.00 104.61 SR 205 west (James Monroe Highway) / SR 638 south (Leedstown Road) – Colonial Beach Eastern terminus of SR 205
Potomac Mills 67.83 109.16 SR 204 east (Popes Creek Road) Western terminus of SR 204
Baynesville 72.71 117.02 SR 347 north (State Park Road) Southern terminus of SR 347
Lerty 73.39 118.11 SR 214 east (Stratford Hall Road) – Stratford Hall Western terminus of SR 214
Templeman 81.29 130.82 SR 202 east (Cople Highway) – Callao Western terminus of SR 202
Richmond Lyells 87.33 140.54 SR 203 north (Oldhams Road) – Kinsale Southern terminus of SR 203
Warsaw 89.78 144.49
SR 3 Bus. (Main Street)
Western terminus of SR 3 Bus.
91.01 146.47
US 360 / SR 3 Bus. (Richmond Road) – Tappahannock, Reedville
Eastern terminus of SR 3 Bus.
Lancaster Litwalton 105.43 169.67 SR 354 south (River Road) – Corrotoman River Northern terminus of SR 354
Lively 110.76 178.25 SR 201 (White Chapel Road) – Monaskon, Heathsville
Kilmarnock 120.57 194.04 SR 200 north (E. Church Street) – Burgess Western end of SR 200 concurrency
120.66 194.18 SR 200 south (Irvington Road) – Pitmans Corner Eastern end of SR 200 concurrency
White Stone 125.16 201.43 SR 200 north (Chesapeake Drive) / SR 695 east (Chesapeake Drive) – Irvington Southern terminus of SR 200
Rappahannock River 126.71 203.92 Robert O. Norris Bridge
Middlesex Topping 132.55 213.32 SR 33 west (General Puller Highway) – West Point, Richmond Western end of SR 33 concurrency
Hartfield 136.00 218.87 SR 33 east (General Puller Highway) – Deltaville, Stingray Point Eastern end of SR 33 concurrency
Mathews Dixie 140.57 226.23 SR 198 east (Buckley Hall Road) – Moon Western end of SR 198 concurrency
Soles 142.12 228.72 SR 198 west (Buckley Hall Road) – Glenns Eastern end of SR 198 concurrency
Fort Nonsense 144.19 232.05 SR 14 east (John Clayton Meomrial Highway) – Mathews Western end of SR 14 concurrency
Gloucester Gloucester 150.55 242.29
US 17 Bus. / SR 14 west (Main Street) – Yorktown, Newport News, Fredericksburg, Shacklefords
Eastern end of SR 14 concurrency
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2010 Virginia Department of Transportation Traffic Data Culpeper County - Orange County - Spotsylvania County - City of Fredericksburg - Stafford County - King George County - Westmoreland County - Richmond County - Lancaster County - Middlesex County - Mathews County - Gloucester County
  2. ^ State Highway Commission (July 5, 1922) (PDF). Minutes of the First Meeting of the State Highway Commission Created Under the Acts of 1922 (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-07-1922-01.pdf., Proposed "State Highway System" for Virginia, as Recommended by the State Roads Committee, January, 1918
  3. ^ State Highway Commission (November 29–December 3, 1921) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission and an Inspection Trip (Report). Richmond, VA, and Washington, DC: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-12-1921-01.pdf., pages 36 and 51
  4. ^ State Highway Commission (July 5–8, 1921) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission, an Inspection Trip, and a Public Hearing (Report). Culpeper, Richmond, and Manassas, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-07-1921-01.pdf., page 3
  5. ^ State Highway Commission (November 8–11, 1922) (PDF). Minutes of the Fifth Meeting of the State Highway Commission (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-11-1922-01.pdf., page 1
  6. ^ State Highway Commission (November 27–28, 1922) (PDF). Minutes of the Sixth Meeting of the State Highway Commission (Report). Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-11-1922-02.pdf., page 6
  7. ^ State Highway Commission (December 11–12, 1923) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-12-1923-01.pdf., page 14


SR 36 Two‑digit State Routes
1923-1933
SR 38 >