Virginia State Route 5

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State Route 5 marker

State Route 5
Route information
Maintained by VDOT
Length: 54.96 mi[1][2][3][4] (88.45 km)
Existed: 1933 – present
Major junctions
West end: US 60.svg US 60 in Richmond
  Virginia 895.svg SR 895 near Richmond
I-295.svg I-295 near Richmond
Virginia 155.svg SR 155 at Charles City
Virginia 199.svg VA 199 near Williamsburg
East end: Virginia 143.svg SR 143 in Williamsburg
Highway system
SR 4 SR 6

State Route 5 runs between the independent cities of Richmond and Williamsburg in the U.S. state of Virginia. Between Charles City County and James City County, it crosses the Chickahominy River via the Judith Stewart Dresser Bridge, a fixed-span bridge which replaced historic Barrett's Ferry and the former drawbridge.

Description of route[edit]

For much of its distance, SR 5 generally parallels the north bank of the James River. It passes through three of the original 8 shires created in the Colony of Virginia in 1634 by King Charles I of England. These are Henrico County, Charles City County, and James City County.

James River plantations[edit]

Some of the larger and older of the extant James River Plantations are along the route. All are non-government-owned, and houses and/or grounds are generally open daily to visitors with various admission fees applicable. From west to east, these are the Shirley Plantation, Edgewood Plantation, Berkeley Plantation, Westover Plantation, Evelynton Plantation, Belle Air Plantation, Piney Grove at Southall's Plantation, North Bend Plantation and Sherwood Forest Plantation.

History[edit]

The first piece of SR 5 was added to the state highway system in 1923, running west from Charles City for 18.5 miles (29.8 km) towards Richmond,[5] and was numbered State Route 41.[6] Three more miles (5 km) were added in 1924,[7] 6.39 miles (10.28 km) were added in 1925,[8] and the remaining 3.5 miles (5.6 km), taking it to the Richmond city limits, were added in 1927.[9]

An extension to the east, heading north from Charles City to State Route 39 (now U.S. Route 60) at Providence Forge, was added in 1926.[10] However, this became State Route 413 in the 1928 renumbering, since a new alignment of SR 41, heading east from Charles City towards Williamsburg for eight miles (13 km), was added to the state highway system, as was a 4.5-mile (7.2 km) piece at the other end, heading west from State Route 510 (now State Route 31).[11] A further 3.50 miles (5.63 km) from the west and 2.80 miles (4.51 km) from the east were added in 1930 and 1931,[12] and, in 1932, the route was completed from Richmond to Williamsburg, with 3.00 miles (4.83 km) from the west and 1.70 miles (2.74 km) from the east.[13]

Virginia State Route 5 in Charles City County, near the Henrico County line

The road from State Route 32 (now U.S. Route 15) at Zion Crossroads east to Oilville was added to the state highway system by 1923 as State Route 321.[14] Extensiens east from Oilville were added for four miles (6 km) in 1924,[15] six miles (10 km) in 1925,[8] and 7.5 miles (12.1 km) in 1926.[16] By 1927, SR 321 became an extension of SR 41 west from Richmond, and that year the former SR 321 was extended 3.5 miles (5.6 km), the rest of the way to Richmond.[9]

SR 321/SR 41 was also extended west for 2.0 miles (3.2 km) in 1926,[10] two more miles in 1927,[9] and 5.4 miles (8.7 km) - the rest of the way to State Route 39 (now State Route 22) at Shadwell - in 1928.[17]

In Richmond, SR 41 initially used Broad Street, a hairpin turn through Chimborazo Park, Fulton Street, Williamsburg Road, Hatcher Street, Newton Road, and New Osborne Turnpike.[18][19]

State Route 39 from Shadwell west to Monterey, now U.S. Route 250, was part of the initial 1918 state highway system (numbered State Route 9 until 1923). It initially continued west from Monterey on present US 250,[20] but by 1924 it used current State Route 84 west to West Virginia. The road west from Monterey towards West Virginia Route 56[21] (now U.S. Route 250) for 7.86 miles (12.65 km) was added to the state highway system in 1930[22] and 1932 as State Route 835;[23] the remaining mileage to the state line was added in 1933.[24]

In the 1933 renumbering, State Routes 41 and 835 both became part of a new State Route 5, as did the piece of State Route 39 from Monterey to Shadwell. By 1935,[25] the whole route west of Richmond became an extension of U.S. Route 250 into Virginia, truncating SR 5 to its present Richmond-Williamsburg route.

SR 5 was extended east along State Route 31 through Williamsburg to State Route 168 (now State Route 143) "to improve the service to travelers interchanging between Route 5 and Routes 60 and 168" in 1958.[26] SR 31 has since been truncated to the SR 5 junction.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile
[1][2]
[3][4]
Destinations Notes
City of Richmond 0.00 US 60 west (25th street) – Midlothian Western terminus; West end of concurrency with US 60
0.30 US 60 east (Williamsburg Avenue) – Williamsburg East end of concurrency with US 60
Henrico Varina 5.01 Laburnum Avenue to SR 895 (Pocahontas Parkway)
8.35 I-295 to I-64 / I-95 – Norfolk, Rocky Mount Cloverleaf interchange
Richmond National
Battlefield Park
13.05 SR 156 north (Willis Church Road) – Mechanicsville West end of concurrency with SR 156
Charles City Kimages 19.11 SR 106 / SR 156 south (Roxbury Road) – Talleysville, Hopewell, Prince George East end of concurrency with SR 156
Charles City 28.48 SR 155 north (Courthouse Road) – Providence Forge, New Kent
41.76 Judith Stewart Dresser Bridge over the Chickahominy River
James City 49.95 SR 199 west (Humelsine Parkway) – Lightfoot West end of concurrency with SR 199
City of Williamsburg 50.41 SR 31 south (Jamestown Road) / SR 199 east (Humelsine Parkway) – Surry, Williamsburg, Busch Gardens East end of concurrency with SR 199; Northern terminus of SR 31
52.34 SR 132 south (S. Henry Street) – Jamestown West end of concurrency with SR 132
52.72 SR 132 north (Lafayette Street) – Camp Peary East end of concurrency with SR 132
53.78 US 60 east (Page Street) – Newport News, Virginia Beach West end of Wrong-way concurrency with US 60
54.34 US 60 west (Bypass Road) – Richmond East end of Wrong-way concurrency with US 60
54.96 SR 143 (Merrimac Trail) – Newport News, Camp Peary Eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Road names[edit]

Location Name Notes
City of Richmond E. Main Street Western terminus
Henrico County Old Osborne Turnpike
Osborne Turnpike
New Market Road
Charles City County John Tyler Memorial Highway
James City County
City of Williamsburg Humelsine Parkway Concurrency with SR 199
Jamestown Road
S. Boundary Street
W. Francis Street
Henry Street (South/North) Concurrency with SR 132
Lafayette Street Old SR 162 alignment
Page Street
Capitol Landing Road Eastern terminus

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2010 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report - Daily Traffic Volume Estimates - City of Richmond
  2. ^ a b 2010 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report - Daily Traffic Volume Estimates - Henrico County
  3. ^ a b 2010 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report - Daily Traffic Volume Estimates - Charles City County
  4. ^ a b 2010 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report - Daily Traffic Volume Estimates - James City County
  5. ^ State Highway Commission (March 26–28, 1923) (PDF). Minutes of the Tenth Meeting of the State Highway Commission (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 21. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-03-1923-02.pdf.
  6. ^ State Highway Commission (June 7–8, 1923) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission (Report). Sussex and Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 7. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-06-1923-01.pdf.
  7. ^ State Highway Commission (April 10–11, 1924) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 7. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-04-1924-01.pdf.
  8. ^ a b State Highway Commission (February 25, 1925) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 4. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-02-1925-01.pdf.
  9. ^ a b c State Highway Commission (March 11, 1927) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 9. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-03-1927-01.pdf.
  10. ^ a b State Highway Commission (May 5–7, 1926) (PDF). Minutes of a Special Meeting Held by the State Highway Commission (Report). Roanoke and Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. pp. 19, 21. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-05-1926-01.pdf.
  11. ^ State Highway Commission (August 9–10, 1928) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. pp. 28, 31. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1928-02.pdf.
  12. ^ State Highway Commission (December 18, 1930) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Lynchburg, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. pp. 10, 14. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-12-1930-02.pdf.
  13. ^ State Highway Commission (July 27–29, 1932) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Marion, Roanoke, and Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. pp. 18, 20. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-07-1932-03.pdf.
  14. ^ State Highway Commission (December 11–12, 1923) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 12. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-12-1923-01.pdf.
  15. ^ State Highway Commission (April 10–11, 1924) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 8. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-04-1924-01.pdf.
  16. ^ State Highway Commission (May 5–7, 1926) (PDF). Minutes of a Special Meeting Held by the State Highway Commission (Report). Roanoke and Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. pp. 19, 22. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-05-1926-01.pdf.
  17. ^ State Highway Commission (August 9–10, 1928) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. pp. 22–3. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1928-02.pdf.
  18. ^ State Highway Commission (July 19, 1932) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 11. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-07-1932-02.pdf.
  19. ^ Map of Henrico County, 1930s
  20. ^ State Highway Commission (July 5, 1922) (PDF). Minutes of the First Meeting of the State Highway Commission Created Under the Acts of 1922 (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-07-1922-01.pdf. "Proposed 'State Highway System' for Virginia, as Recommended by the State Roads Committee, January, 1918"
  21. ^ State Highway Commission (April 10–11, 1924) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 5. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-04-1924-01.pdf.
  22. ^ State Highway Commission (December 18, 1930) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Lynchburg, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 24. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-12-1930-02.pdf.
  23. ^ State Highway Commission (July 27–29, 1932) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Marion, Roanoke, and Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 26. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-07-1932-03.pdf.
  24. ^ State Highway Commission (October 19, 1933) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 23. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-10-1933-01.pdf.
  25. ^ State Highway Commission (August 17, 1935) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1935-02.pdf. "Route 250, Broad Street Road, just east of Hungary Springs Road"
  26. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (August 28, 1958) (PDF). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 64. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-08-1958-01.pdf.
SR 40 Two‑digit State Routes
1923-1933
SR 42 >
none Spurs of SR 32
1923-1928
SR 322 >
SR 834 District 8 State Routes
1928–1933
SR 836 >