Virginia Stroud, enrolled UKB member, accepts an award for her artwork, Park Hill, Oklahoma, 2007
March 13, 1951 |
|Nationality||United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians|
|Education||Muskogee High School, Bacone College, University of Oklahoma|
|Known for||Painting (tempera and gouache), illustration, printmaking|
|Awards||Miss Cherokee Tribal Princess, Miss National Congress of American Indians, 1970, Miss Indian America, 1971; Indian Arts and Crafts Association Artist of the Year, 1982; Five Civilized Tribes Museum Master Artist, 1986; Cherokee Medal of Honor, 2000|
Virginia Stroud was born on 13 March 1951 in Madera, California. Her mother died when she was eleven, so Stroud moved to Muskogee, Oklahoma to live with her sister. She sold her first painting at the age of 13.
Stroud graduated from Muskogee High School in 1968. From 1968 to 1970, she attended Bacone College and studied art under Cheyenne painter Dick West, who made her his studio assistant. She then attended the University of Oklahoma.
Pageants and the Tear Dress
In 1969, Stroud served as Miss Cherokee Tribal Princess. She went on to win the title Miss National Congress of American Indians in 1970, and in 1971, she was crowned Miss Indian America XVII. When Stroud competed for the title of princess in 1969, Cherokee women wanted her to represent the tribe in a "traditional" Cherokee outfit, which was problematic since Cherokee women wore contemporary mainstream fashions for at least two centuries and wore very little clothing before that. A committee of Cherokee women, appointed by Chief W. W. Keeler designed a dress based on a hundred-year-old Cherokee dress owned by a Cherokee lady, Wynona Day, and from surrounding Southeast tribes' formal regalia, and they created the "Tear Dress."
Stroud paints with tempera and gouache and is a fine art printmaker. She also has written and illustrated several children's books. She draws inspirations from ancient pictographs and historical ledger art. Over her career, Stroud developed a narrative style with minimal facial details in her people and lavish floral backgrounds. She also paints kinetic wooden sculptures and fine art furniture.
Her work is in such public collections as the Gilcrease Museum, Millicent Rogers Museum, Philbrook Museum of Art, Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, Cherokee Heritage Center, and Cherokee Nation Entertainment.
Of her work, Stroud says, "I paint for my people. Art is a way for our culture to survive... perhaps the only way."
In 1970, Stroud became the youngest Native artists to win first place in the Woodlands division of the Philbrook Museum's annual juried art show. In 1982, the Indian Arts and Crafts Association honored Stroud as Artist of the Year. The Five Civilized Tribes Museum declared Stroud a Master Artist in 1986. In 2000, she was given the Cherokee Medal of Honor.
- Doesn't Fall off His Horse: A Cherokee Tale. Dial, 1994. ISBN 978-0-8037-1635-3.
- A Walk to the Great Mystery: A Cherokee Tale. Dial, 1995. ISBN 978-0-8037-1636-0.
- The Path of the Quiet Elk: A Native American Alphabet Book. Dial, 1996. ISBN 978-0-8037-1718-3.
- "Virginia Alice Stroud (1951-)." AskArt. (retrieved 1 June 2010)
- Lester, 533
- Conley, 229
- Cochran, Wendell. "The Cherokee Tear Dress Eyewitness Accounts." People's Path. 2001 (retrieved 1 June 2010)
- Coleman, Travina. "Cherokee tear dresses, a passion." Muskogee Phoenix. 4 Feb 2008 (retrieved 1 June 2010)
- Power, 199
- "Virginia A. Stroud: Bibliography." Amazon.com (retrieved 1 June 2010)
- Conley, Robert L. A Cherokee Encyclopedia. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-8263-3951-5.
- Lester, Patrick D. The Biographical Directory of Native American Painters. Norman: Oklahoma University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-8061-9936-9.
- Power, Susan C. Art of the Cherokee: Prehistory to Present. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-8203-2766-2