Virginio Rognoni (born August 5, 1924 in Corsico, province of Milan) is an Italian politician, who was a prominent member of Christian Democracy. He was several times Interior Minister, Minister of Defense and Minister of Justice. From 2002 to 2006 he was vice-president of the Consiglio Superiore della Magistratura (‘Superior Council of Judiciary’).
As a student at the historic Collegio Ghislieri, in November 1947 he obtained a degree in law from the University of Pavia. He studied at Yale University between 1949 and 1950 and also worked as a lawyer.
He began his political career in local government, serving as a city councillor (consigliere comunale) in Pavia from 1960 to 1964, and from 1964 to 1967 as deputy mayor (vicesindaco) and as assessore all’urbanistica (the member of the executive with responsibility for town planning). He then entered national politics, and was elected member of the Chamber of Deputies for seven consecutive terms (1968–1994).
He was Minister of the Interior from 1978 to 1983, of Justice (1986–1987) and of Defence (1990–1992): he was criticized by the Italian Communist Party while Minister of the Interior for failing to protect General Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa, who was killed on the same day in which he asked Rognoni to meet him.
From 2002 until he retired in 2006 he was vice-president of the Consiglio Superiore della Magistratura (the Government of the Judiciary in Italy).