Viridian

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For the laser sight manufacturer, see Viridian Green Laser Sights. For other uses, see Viridian (disambiguation).
ViridianHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #40826D
sRGBB  (rgb) (64, 130, 109)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (76, 30, 63, 11)
HSV       (h, s, v) (161°, 51%, 51%)
Source Maerz and Paul[1]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Viridian as a tertiary color on the RYB color wheel
  blue
  viridian[2]
(teal)
  green

Viridian is a blue-green pigment, a hydrated chromium(III) oxide, of medium saturation and relatively dark in value. It is composed more of green than blue. Specifically, it is a dark shade of spring green, the color between green and cyan on the color wheel, or, in paint, a tertiary blue–green color. Viridian takes its name from the Latin viridis, meaning "green".[3]

The first recorded use of viridian as a color name in English was in the 1860s (exact year uncertain).[4]

Variations of viridian[edit]

Paolo Veronese green[edit]

Paolo Veronese GreenHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #009B7D
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 155, 125)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (90, 5, 65, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (168°, 100%, 61%)
Source Gallego and Sanz[5]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Paolo Veronese green is the color that is called Verde Verones in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Paolo Veronese green was a color formulated and used by the noted 16th century Venetian artist Paolo Veronese.

Paolo Veronese green began to be used as a color name in English sometime in the 1800s (exact year uncertain).[6]

Another name for this color is transparent oxide of chromium.[7]

Viridian green[edit]

Viridian GreenHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #009698
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 150, 152)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (100, 13, 0, 40)
HSV       (h, s, v) (181°, 100%, 60[8]%)
Source Pantone TPX[9]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color viridian green.

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" color list, color #17-5126 TPX—Viridian Green.[10]

Generic viridian[edit]

Generic ViridianHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #007F66
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 127, 102)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (100, 0, 75, 20)
HSV       (h, s, v) (168°, 100%, 50%)
Source Gallego and Sanz[11]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Generic viridian is the color that is called Viridian inspecifico in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Spanish viridian[edit]

Viridian (G&S)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #007F5C
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 127, 92)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (100, 0, 80, 20)
HSV       (h, s, v) (163°, 100%, 50%)
Source Gallego and Sanz[12]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Spanish viridian is the color that is called Viridian specifico in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

In popular culture[edit]

Although viridian is a less-used color name in English, it is used in a number of cultural references, probably because it is derived from viridis, the Latin word for green, so using the word viridian sounds more elegant than simply referring to the Anglo-Saxon word green.

Automobiles
  • "Viridian Joule" was the winning color name in Chevrolet's Volt Paint-Color Naming Contest.[13]
Broadcasting
  • Viridian was the signature color of the BBC2 identity from 1991 to 2001.
Environmental Design
Film
  • Viridian is mentioned by Otho when discussing remodeling, in the 1988 film Beetlejuice.[16]
Music
Video games
  • In the Pokémon franchise, in the Kanto region, Viridian City is the first town one encounters after leaving Pallet Town via Route 1.
  • In VVVVVV, the player character is Captain Viridian, who is a light blue-green color. All characters have names referencing their color and starting with the letter V.
  • In Knights of the Old Republic II the player character can find and use a viridian lightsaber crystal.
  • In League of Legends the champion Kayle has a Viridian costume that is green with black wings.
  • In Ace Attorney: Trials and Tribulations, there's a running joke about the color, started by the character Larry Butz.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called viridian in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color viridian is displayed on page 79, Plate 28, Color Sample K11.
  2. ^ RGB approximations of RYB tertiary colors, using cubic interpolation.[1] The colors displayed here are substantially paler than the true colors a mixture of paints would produce.
  3. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 18 See: "Table--Polyglot Table of Principle Color Names" Pages 18-19
  4. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 206; Color Sample of Viridian: Page 93 Plate 79 Color Sample K11
  5. ^ Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN 84-89840-31-8
  6. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 201 (It is listed under Paul Veronese green)
  7. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 142
  8. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #009698 (Viridian Green):
  9. ^ Type the words "Viridian Green" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  10. ^ Pantone TPX Pantone Color Finder--Type the words "Viridian Green" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear:
  11. ^ Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN 84-89840-31-8
  12. ^ Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN 84-89840-31-8
  13. ^ "Viridian Joule" was the winning color name in Paint-Color Naming Contest [2]
  14. ^ Sterling, Bruce (2001). Viridian: The Manifesto of January 3, 2000. Retrieved 2007-01-28. 
  15. ^ Hughes, James (2002). Democratic Transhumanism 2.0. Retrieved 2007-01-26. 
  16. ^ [3]

External links[edit]