Virolahti

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Virolahti
Municipality
Virolahden kunta
Coat of arms of Virolahti
Coat of arms
Location of Virolahti in Finland
Location of Virolahti in Finland
Coordinates: 60°35′N 027°42′E / 60.583°N 27.700°E / 60.583; 27.700Coordinates: 60°35′N 027°42′E / 60.583°N 27.700°E / 60.583; 27.700
Country Finland
Region Kymenlaakso
Sub-region Kotka–Hamina sub-region
Government
 • Municipality manager Marjatta Pahkala
Area(2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 558.92 km2 (215.80 sq mi)
 • Land 371.95 km2 (143.61 sq mi)
 • Water 186.97 km2 (72.19 sq mi)
Area rank 212th largest in Finland
Population (2014-01-31)[2]
 • Total 3,438
 • Rank 228th largest in Finland
 • Density 9.24/km2 (23.9/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 95.3% (official)
 • Swedish 0.5%
 • Others 4.2%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 14.3%
 • 15 to 64 62.4%
 • 65 or older 23.4%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 20%
Website www.virolahti.fi

Virolahti (Swedish: Vederlax) is the southeastern-most municipality of Finland on the border of the Russian Federation. It is located in the province of Southern Finland and is part of the Kymenlaakso region. The municipality has a population of 3,438 (31 January 2014)[2] and covers an area of 558.92 square kilometres (215.80 sq mi) of which 186.97 km2 (72.19 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 9.24 inhabitants per square kilometre (23.9 /sq mi).

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Before World War I the Russian Emperor Nicholas II used to spend summers with his family in the archipelago of Virolahti with his yacht Standart, Finland being an autonomous province within the Russian empire between 1809 and 1917.

The Vaalimaa border crossing, which connects the municipality with Russia, is located in Virolahti.

Virolahti lost some of its area (over 100 km2 (39 sq mi)) to Soviet Union in Paris Peace Treaties, 1947 after World War II.

Villages in 1939[edit]

Villages marked with an asterisk (*) are now completely or partially on the Russian side:

Alapihlaja, Alaurpala*, Eerikkälä, Hailila, Hanski, Hellä (Heligby), Hämeenkylä (Tavastby), Häppilä, Järvenkylä, Kattilainen, Kiiskilahti* (now Kiyskinlakhti), Kirkonkylä, Klamila, Koivuniemi, Koskela*, Koskelanjoki, Kotola, Kurkela, Laitsalmi*, Länsikylä (Flonckarböle), Martinsaari* (Now Island of Maly Pogranichny), Mattila, Mustamaa, Nopala, Orslahti* (now Primorskoye), Paatio* (Båtö in Swedish, now Bolshoy Pogranitshny), Pajulahti, Pajusaari*, Pitkäpaasi* (Island of Gorniya Kamenya), Pyterlahti, Ravijoki, Ravijärvi, Reinikkala, Rännänen (Grennäs), Sydänkylä (Kallfjärd), Säkäjärvi, Tiilikkala, Vaalimaa (Vaderma), Vilkkilä, Virojoki, Yläpihlaja, Yläurpala* (now Torfjanovka).

Notable people born in Virolahti[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.1.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Virolahti at Wikimedia Commons