Virovitica County

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This article is about the historical county of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. For the current Croatian county, see Virovitica-Podravina County.
Virovitica County
Virovitička županija
County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
12th century–1920

Coat of arms of Virovitica County

Coat of arms

Location of Virovitica County
Location of the County (yellow) within the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (green)
Capital Osijek
45°33′N 18°41′E / 45.550°N 18.683°E / 45.550; 18.683Coordinates: 45°33′N 18°41′E / 45.550°N 18.683°E / 45.550; 18.683
History
 -  Established 12th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon June 4 1920
Area
 -  1910 4,867 km2 (1,879 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 272,430 
Density 56 /km2  (145 /sq mi)
Today part of Croatia
Part of a series on the
History of Slavonia
Coat of Arms of Slavonia
Antiquity
Medieval
Ottoman Empire
Habsburg Monarchy
20th century
Croatian War of Independence
Old map of Virovitica County

Virovitica County (Croatian: Virovitička županija; Hungarian: Verőce vármegye) was a historic administrative subdivision (županija) of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. Croatia-Slavonia was an autonomous kingdom within the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen (Transleithania), the Hungarian part of the dual Austro-Hungarian Empire. Its territory is now in eastern Croatia. The name of the county comes from the town of Virovitica. The capital of the county moved from Virovitica to Osijek in the late 18th century

Geography[edit]

Virovitica County shared borders with the Hungarian counties of Somogy, Baranya (Baranja), Bács-Bodrog, and the Croatian-Slavonian counties of Srijem, Požega and Bjelovar-Križevci. The county stretched along the right (southern) bank of the river Drava, down to its confluence with the river Danube. Its area was 4867 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

The territory of Virovitica County was part of the Kingdom of Croatia when it entered into personal union with the Kingdom of Hungary in 1102, and with it became part of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1526. The County was re-established in 1718, after it was retaken from Ottoman rule. In 1918 (confirmed by the Treaty of Trianon 1920), the county became part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later Yugoslavia). Since 1991, when Croatia became independent from Yugoslavia, the county is part of Croatia.

Demographics[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 243,101 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

In 1910, the population of the county was 272,430.

Population by language (1910 census):

  • Croatian = 137,394 (50,4%)
  • Serbian = 46,658 (17,1%)
  • German = 40,766 (15,0%)
  • Hungarian = 37,656 (13,8%)
  • Slovak = 3,691

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Verőce county were:

Districts
District Capital
Donji Miholjac Donji Miholjac
Đakovo Đakovo
Osijek Osijek
Našice Našice
Slatina Slatina
Virovitica Virovitica
Urban counties
Osijek

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06.