Viru Keemia Grupp

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Viru Keemia Grupp
Type Private
Industry Oil shale industry
Power generation
Predecessor(s) Riigi Põlevkivitööstus
AS Esimene Eesti Põlevkivitööstus
Slantsehim
RAS Kiviter
Headquarters Kohtla-Järve, Estonia
Key people Priit Rohumaa (CEO)[1]
Website www.vkg.ee

Viru Keemia Grupp (VKG) is an Estonian holding group of oil shale industry, power generation, and public utility companies.

Operations[edit]

VKG's two main areas of operations are shale oil extraction, and electricity and heat production and distribution.

Shale oil production[edit]

The subsidiary producing shale oil is VKG Oil. The company utilizes two different processes: Kiviter and Galoter.[2][3][4][5] The company also tested but rejected the Alberta Taciuk Process.[6] In total, VKG Oil processes 2 million tons of oil shale per year, producing 250,000 tons of shale oil.

The company operates several Kiviter retorts, the largest of them having a processing capacity of 40 tonnes per hour of oil shale feedstock.[7][8] In December 2009, VKG Oil opened a new Galoter retort called Petroter.[5][9] Engineering of the retort was done by Atomenergoproject of Saint Petersburg; engineering of the condensation and distillation plant was done by Rintekno of Finland.[10] The plant has a processing capacity of 1.1 million tonnes of oil shale per year and it produces 100,000 tonnes of shale oil, 30 million cubic metres (1.1×10^9 cu ft) of oil shale gas, and 150 GWh of steam per year.[5] The company started construction of the second Petroter plant in 2012 and plans to build also the third plant.[11][12]

In 2008, the company received a permit for developing the Boltysh oil shale deposit in Ukraine.[13]

Power generation and distribution[edit]

VKG's subsidiary VKG Energia, a power and heat generation company, was established in 2004 after VKG bought the Kohtla-Järve Power Plant and the Kohtla-Järve heat distribution system from Kohtla-Järve Soojus.[14] In 2005, it bought another power plant in Kohtla-Järve from Fortum Termest.[15] In 2006, VKG bought a 40,8% stake in Kohtla-Järve Soojus, an operator of the Ahtme Power Plant, and in 2010 it took a full control of the company, now VKG Soojus.[16][17] All generations capacities were transferred to VKG Energia while VKG Soojus is responsible for heat distribution.[17][18] All generations capacities were transferred to VKG Energia while VKG Soojus is responsible for heat distribution.[17] VKG Energia has installed electrical capacity of 80 MW and heat capacity of 700 MW.[19]

In July 2006, VKG acquired Narva Elektrivõrk, the second largest power distribution company in Estonia,[20] and renamed it VKG Elektrivõrgud.[21][22][23]

Other activities[edit]

In April 2011, VKG acquired assets of a bankrupt company Silbet Plokk that manufactured cinder blocks for construction from oil shale burning residue.[1][24][25] The company was renamed VKG Plokk.[25]

Subsidiaries[edit]

Main subsidiaries of VKG are:

  • VKG Oil - shale oil producer
  • Viru RMT – company producing, assembling and repairing metal structures, pipelines and pressure equipment
  • VKG Transport – transportation company
  • VKG Energia - heat and power generation company
  • VKG Soojus – heat distribution company
  • VKG Elektrivõrgud – electricity distribution company
  • VKG Elektriehitus – construction of power systems
  • VKG Kaevandused – oil shale mining
  • VKG Plokk – production of cinder blocks
  • OOO Slantsehim (73.4%) – developer of Boltysh oil shale deposit in Ukraine

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hõbemägi, Toomas (2011-04-12). "Viru Keemia Group buys bankrupt maker of cinder blocks". BNN. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  2. ^ Siirde, A.; Roos, I.; Martins, A. (2011). "Estimation of emission factors for the Estonian shale oil industry" (PDF). Oil Shale. A Scientific-Technical Journal (Estonian Academy Publishers) 28 (1S): 127–139. doi:10.3176/oil.2011.1S.05. ISSN 0208-189X. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  3. ^ Jaber, Jamel O.; Sladek, Thomas A.; Mernitz, Scott; Tarawneh, T. M. (2008). "Future Policies and Strategies for Oil Shale Development in Jordan" (PDF). Jordan Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering 2 (1): 31–44. ISSN 1995-6665. Retrieved 2008-11-22. 
  4. ^ Strategic significance of America’s oil shale resource. Volume II: Oil shale resources, technology and economics (PDF). Office of Deputy Assistant Secretary for Petroleum Reserves; Office of Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves; United States Department of Energy. 2004. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  5. ^ a b c Aleksandrov, Julia; Purga, Jaanus (2010). "Viru Keemia Grupp opened a new oil shale processing plant in Estonia" (PDF). Oil Shale. A Scientific-Technical Journal (Estonian Academy Publishers) 27 (1): 84–85. ISSN 0208-189X. Retrieved 2011-03-20. 
  6. ^ "Estonian oilshale group tests new technology in Canada". BNN. 2002-09-09. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  7. ^ Koel, Mihkel (1999). "Estonian oil shale". Oil Shale. A Scientific-Technical Journal (Estonian Academy Publishers) (Extra). ISSN 0208-189X. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  8. ^ An Assessment of Oil Shale Technologies (PDF). June 1980. NTIS order #PB80-210115. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  9. ^ Hõbemägi, Toomas (2009-12-22). "VKG opens Estonia's most modern oil refinery". BNN. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  10. ^ "New shale oil line for VKG Oil AS" (PDF). Rintekno Newsletter (Rintekno Oy) 20. 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-09-20. Retrieved 2008-12-13. 
  11. ^ Roman, Steve (2011-03-08). "VKG Preparing to Build Second Shale Oil Plant". ERR. Retrieved 2011-03-20. 
  12. ^ "VKG Takes Fresh Loan, Plans New Oil Shale Plant". ERR. 2013-11-14. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  13. ^ "Viru Keemia Grupp starts analysing Ukrainian oil shale". BNN. 2008-02-12. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  14. ^ Gamzejev, Erik (2004-06-01). "Järve linnaosa kütjaks võib saada Viru Keemia Grupp" [Viru Keemia Grupp may become a heat supplier of the Järve district]. Põhjarannik (in Estonian). Retrieved 2012-10-27. 
  15. ^ "Viru Keemia Grupp ostis Fortumilt soojuselektrijaama" [Viru Keemia Grupp acquired a thermal power plant from Fortum]. Äripäev (in Estonian). 2005-10-25. Retrieved 2012-10-27. 
  16. ^ Jaagant, Urmas (2010-10-20). "Viru Keemia Grupp soovib osta osalust Kohtla-Järve Soojuses" [Viru Keemia Grupp wants buy a stake in Kohtla-Järve Soojus]. Eesti Päevaleht (in Estonian). Retrieved 2012-10-27. 
  17. ^ a b c Tooman, Artur (2011-06-21). "Kohtla-Järve Soojus переименовали" [Kohtla-Järve Soojus was renamed]. Eesti Päevaleht (in Russian). Retrieved 2012-10-27. 
  18. ^ Räim, Veiko (2010-12-22). "Eesti Energia to sell 59.2% of Kohtla-Järve Soojus" (Press release). Eesti Energia. Retrieved 2012-10-28. 
  19. ^ "VKG Energia OÜ". Viru Keemia Grupp. Retrieved 2012-10-27. 
  20. ^ "Estonian Electricity and Gas Market Report" (PDF). Tallinn: Energy Market Inspectorate. 2007. Retrieved 2011-07-07. 
  21. ^ Reinap, Aivar (2006-07-01). "Viru Keemia Grupp ostis Narva Elektrivõrgud" [Viru Keemia Grupp bought Narva Elektrivõrgud]. Postimees (in Estonian). Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  22. ^ Kuimet, Peeter (2006-07-14). "VKG ja Narva Elektrivõrgu koondumisele anti roheline tuli" [Green light for the concentration of VKG and Narva Elektrivõrgud]. Postimees (in Estonian). Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  23. ^ "VKG ostis kaks Narva elektrifirmat" [VKG bought two electric companies in Narva]. Äripäev (in Estonian). 2006-07-03. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  24. ^ Roman, Steve (2011-04-12). "VKG Acquires Cinder Block Production Facility". ERR. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  25. ^ a b Teesalu, Ingrid (2011-10-17). "Factory in Ahtme Revives Production of Cinder Blocks". ERR. Retrieved 2011-10-19. 

External links[edit]