Virudhachalam

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Virudhachalam
Thirumudhukundram
city
Virudhachalam is located in Tamil Nadu
Virudhachalam
Virudhachalam
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 11°30′N 79°20′E / 11.50°N 79.33°E / 11.50; 79.33Coordinates: 11°30′N 79°20′E / 11.50°N 79.33°E / 11.50; 79.33
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Cuddalore
Government
 • MLA B.V.B.Muthukumar
Elevation 45 m (148 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 73,585
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration TN-31

Vriddhachalam (also known as Virudhachalam) is a municipality and taluk headquarters in Cuddalore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The ancient name of this town is Thirumudhukundram. As of 2011, the town had a population of 73,585.

Etymology[edit]

The name Vriddhachalam is obtained from two Sanskrit words - Vriddham which means old and Achalam which means mountain. So, Vriddhachalam means 'old mountain'. It is also called by other name Thirumudhukundram which also means the same. (Thiru = holy, mudhu = old, kundram = hill). In pure Tamil Virudhachalam is called as Pazhamalai. it also means the same old mountain. It is one of the important railway destination and junction. The river flowing here(Manimuthar) is considered very spiritual. Vriddhachalam serves the midway between Salem, Trichy, Madurai, Chennai rail routes. Very near to Neyveli.

Geography[edit]

Vriddhachalam is located at 11°30′N 79°20′E / 11.50°N 79.33°E / 11.50; 79.33.[1] It has an average elevation of45 m (148 ft).[2]

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Virudhachalam had a population of 73,585 with a sex-ratio of 985 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[3] A total of 7,735 were under the age of six, constituting 4,041 males and 3,694 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 16.76% and .44% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 77.57%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[3] The town had a total of  18209 households. There were a total of 26,153 workers, comprising 609 cultivators, 2,257 main agricultural labourers, 644 in house hold industries, 18,988 other workers, 3,655 marginal workers, 77 marginal cultivators, 409 marginal agricultural labourers, 245 marginal workers in household industries and 2,924 other marginal workers.[4][5]

Places of interest[edit]

One of the oldest town in Cuddalore district. The ancient Lord Siva temple (Pazhamalai Nadhar Temple) is located in the heart of town. The temple was constructed by one of the chola empires. It has 5 big towers- one in the middle, the remaining represent the four directions. There is another famous temple - Thiru Kolanjiapper temple - located 5 km away from the town. Both of them are located near Cuddalore - Salem highway.[6]

Politics[edit]

MLA of Vriddhachalam assembly constituency is B.V.B.Muthukumar. During the 2009 general elections, Virudhachalam was a part of Cuddalore (Lok Sabha constituency)  that had the following six assembly segments. Tittakudi (SC), Vridhachalam, Neyveli, Cuddalore, Panruti and Kurinjipadi.[7] Before 2009, Cuddalore Lok Sabha constituency composed of the following assembly segments:Ulundurpet (SC), Nellikkuppam, Cuddalore, Panruti, Rishivandinam and Sankarapuram.[8] The Lok Sabha seat has been held by the Indian National Congress for eight terms during 1951–56,[9] 1971–77,[10] 1977–80.[11] 1980–84, 1984–1989,[12] 1989–91,[13] 1991–96,[14] and 2009–present,[15] Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam for four times during 1962–1967,[16] 1967–71,[17] 1999-04,[18] and 2004–09,[19] Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam once during 1998–99,[20] Tamil Maanila Congress once during 1996-2001 and an independent during 1957–62,[21] The current Member of Parliament from the constituency is A. Arunmozhithevan from AIADMK[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Vriddhachalam
  2. ^ "General information". Viruthachalam Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  3. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Virudhachalam". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Town population". Viruthachalam Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  6. ^ "Places of interest". Viruthachalam Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  7. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. p. 448. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  8. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. p. 3. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  9. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1952 to the First Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 158. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  10. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 71. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  11. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1977 to the Sixth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 80. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  12. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1984 to the Eighth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 73. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  13. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1989 to the Ninth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 81. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  14. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1991 to the Tenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 51. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  15. ^ Notification No. 308/2009/EPS (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 36. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  16. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1962 to the Third Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 49. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  17. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1967 to the Fourth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 67. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  18. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1999 to the Thirteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 85. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  19. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 94. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  20. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 85. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  21. ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1957 to the Second Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 17. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  22. ^ "Cuddalore MP". Wikipedia. 2014. 

full reference for Vriddhachalam Log onto: sites.google.com/site/vridhachalamtown