Visa policy of Russia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Government of the Russian Federation allows citizens or residents of specific countries/territories to enter Russia without having to obtain a visa, based on bilateral or multilateral agreements. Citizens of other countries must obtain a visa from a Russian embassy.

General Rules[edit]

The principal law pertaining to the visa policy or Russia is the Federal Law No.114-FZ On the Order of Exit from the Russian Federation and Entry to the Russian Federation. The law establishes that as a general rule all foreign citizens and stateless persons need visas for entry and exit from the territory of Russia. It also establishes a number of exceptions addressing certain groups of travelers.[1]

According to the Russian Constitution, international treaties of Russia override the domestic legislation. Russia has concluded a number of bilateral or multilateral treaties on visa abolishing or simplification and is seeking to negotiate new such treaties.

Visa policy map[edit]

Visa policy of Russia
  Russian Federation
  Visa-free entry (unlimited stay)
  Visa-free entry (90 days)
  Visa-free for non-commercial purposes (90 days)
  Visa-free for non-commercial purposes (60 days)
  Visa-free for non-commercial purposes (30 days)
  Visa-free for non-commercial purposes (14 days)

Visa[edit]

Russian visa

The Russian visa is a machine-readable document, which is placed in the passport. It contains a transcription of the name in the Cyrillic script and all fields are indicated in Russian and English. The indication of nationality and entry requirements however is only written in Russian. The machine-readable strip contains the name based on romanization of the Cyrillic name, and does not necessarily reflect the name as it was written in the Roman script (example in the figure: Christoph --> (Cyrillic) Kpиcтoф --> (transcription; roman) Kristof). Contrary to guidelines for machine-readable documents, the issuing country abbreviation (RUS) not is shown at the positions 2-4 (e.g. starting V>RUS), and the surname starts immediately in the second field: VSURNAME>>GIVENNAME. Photo must necessarily be in the Russian visa.

Types of visa[edit]

There are several types of Russian Visas:

  1. Tourist Visa - for people who want to visit Russia for tourism. This type of visa is valid for up to 30 days and can be for one or two entries.
  2. Business Visa - for people who plan to travel to Russia for a business trip. This type of visa can be valid for 30, 90, 180 or 360 days but the total stay during each 180 day-period cannot exceed 90 days. Business visas can be for single, double or multiple entries. (This visa is also often used by tourists who wish to travel around Russia for longer or to have multiple entries).
  3. Work Visa - for people who are invited and employed by a company based in Russia and issued along with a work permit. This type of visa has no limits such as those which apply for a business visa and are generally valid for a year but in some circumstances even longer. They are usually multi-entry and can be renewed without leaving the country.
  4. Private (Guest) Visa - for people who are visiting relatives or friends. To apply for this type of visa an invitation from a Russian citizen or a petition from a Russian legal entity is needed. The duration of stay is limited to 90 days. The visa can be single or double entry.
  5. Transit Visa - for people crossing the territory of the Russian Federation to travel to a third country. The duration of this visa is 72 hours.
  6. Student visa - for students studying in Russia. This type of visa can be only issued upon an invitation from an accredited Russian institute or university for people who intend to study or take a course in Russia. This type of visa can be valid for up to 360 days (with a duration of stay of 360 days).[2]

Applying for visa[edit]

All types of Russian entry visas are received through Russian embassies and consulates. Provided all the documents are ready, the process usually takes no more than 3-10 workdays for Russian travel visa.[3]

Russian Tourist Visa requirements:[4]

  • Original passport
  • One photo (colour, passport size photo)
  • Tourist invitation
  • Russian Consulate Application Form

The Russian Consulate requires the visa application form to be printed on A4 paper with right and bottom margins of 5mm. A failure to meet these requirements invalidates the form.

Costs for visa[edit]

Some Russian embassies and consulates, but not all, require visa applications to be submitted in person to visa processing centres instead of directly to the consular section. Costs differ per administration center.

Visa-free Entry[edit]

The citizens of the following 37 countries and territories are eligible to visit Russia with a valid passport and without obtaining a visa in advance.[5] These rules generally apply to holders of ordinary passports, rules for holders of diplomatic passports and other travel documents may differ.

As of 2014, citizens of the countries, except Belarus, who have the right to a visa-free entry to Russia must not stay longer than 90 days per every 180 days. Resetting the allowed period by leaving and re-entering the country is no longer allowed. Overstaying is punishable by a three year entry ban.[6][7] The rule of "90 days per every 180 days" canceled for citizens of Ukraine until 1 Aug 2015.[8]

In parentheses are given the date of entry into force of the current agreement.

Unlimited period[edit]

90 days[edit]

1 – internal passport/national identification card accepted.

Stateless persons

Stateless persons who were citizens of the Soviet Union and now reside in the following countries are visa-exempt:[21]

Non-commercial purposes[edit]

Visa-free agreement was signed with  El Salvador in March 2015 but it is yet to be ratified.[37][38]

60 days for non-commercial purposes[edit]

30 days for non-commercial purposes[edit]

1 – if holding a letter of guarantee/invitation and a tourist voucher.

15 days for tourist groups[edit]

  •  China (Only for group tourism (from 5 to 50 persons) organized by accredited Chinese travel agencies)[49] (09 Nov 2000)

14 days for non-commercial purposes[edit]

Visa-free agreement allowing stays of up to 14 days was signed with  Nauru in September 2014, but it is yet to be ratified.[51][52]

Recent Developments[edit]

Russian government has instructed the Foreign Ministry to sign an agreement on visa-free regime with  Mauritius.[53]

Diplomatic and service/official passports[edit]

  Russian Federation
  Diplomatic and service/official passports
  Diplomatic passports only

Holders of diplomatic and service/official passports of the following countries may enter Russia without a visa:[54][55]

* - diplomatic passports only (excluding Hungary and Slovakia)

Agreement signed with  Congo and  Nauru, but it is yet to be ratified.[56]
Russian government has instructed the Foreign Ministry to sign an agreement on visa-free regime with  Bangladesh,  Kuwait,  Mauritius,  Oman,  Senegal,  Sri Lanka.[57][58][59][60][61][62]

Visa on arrival[edit]

3 days for Kaliningrad visits[edit]

Citizens of Schengen states, United Kingdom and Japan may visit the Kaliningrad region as tourists and obtain a 3-day visa at the border check points of Bagrationovsk, Mamonovo and Khrabrovo Airport if travelling through one of the approved travel agencies. This policy is effective until 31 December 2015.[63]

Cruise ship passengers[edit]

Since May 2009 international tourists have been able to stay in Russia visa-free up to 72 hours when entering Russia through the ports of Anadyr, Kaliningrad, Korsakov, Novorossiysk, Sevastopol,[64] Sochi, St.Petersburg, Vladivostok, Vyborg by ferry. This applies only to persons who travel within an organised group and do not intend to explore the cities on their own.[65] In 2014 it was proposed to extend the policy to tourists arriving by train.[66]

Visa-free transit[edit]

Direct airside transit[edit]

Passengers travelling through international airports do not need a visa for a transit of less than 24 hours, provided a confirmed onward ticket is held and the traveller remains in the international transit area (without clearing passport control).[citation needed]

Only five Russian airports have an international transit area:

Saimaa canal[edit]

In accordance with a treaty between Russia and Finland, though there are passport controls at borders, a visa is not required for just passing through the Russian part of the Saimaa canal without leaving the vessel.[67]

Visa-free zones[edit]

  •  Latvia — in the area within a radius of 50 kilometers on both sides of the border residents may travel to the other country without a visa.[68][69]
  •  Norway — in the area within a radius of 30 kilometers on both sides of the border residents may travel to the other country without a visa. A certificate of the border resident are issued for three years, and give the right to stay for 15 days.[70]
  •  Poland — there is a visa-free regime between Poland and Kaliningrad Oblast.[71]

There are talks on establishing a border area visa-free zone with Estonia.

Closed cities[edit]

Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[72]

Crimea[edit]

As of 2014 the disputed territory of Crimea is under Russian control and Russia enforces its visa policy there.[73] However, Ukraine requires that foreigners should comply with Ukrainian visa regime including obtaining a Ukrainian visa if one is necessary. Otherwise, it may entail sanctions for "support of the temporary occupation of the Ukrainian territory".[74]

In April 2014 Crimea’s Tourism Minister proposed a visa-free regime for foreign tourists staying at Crimean resorts for up to 12 days and a 72-hour visa-free stay for cruise passengers.[75] Visa-free access for Chinese citizens was proposed in June 2014.[76]

2018 World Cup[edit]

Russia plans to allow 2018 FIFA World Cup participants and fans to visit Russia without a visa right before and during the competition.[77]

Fingerprinting[edit]

From January 2015 visa applicants from the United Kingdom, Denmark, Myanmar and Namibia will be obliged to provide fingerprint scans. After a trial period it will be decided whether to expand this to other countries as well.[78]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Federal Law No. 114-FZ OF August 15, 1996 On the Procedure for Exiting and Entring the Russian Federation". Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  2. ^ http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?docbody=&nd=102081969
  3. ^ "Getting your Russian travel visa - tips and tricks". Moscow Russia Insider's Guide. 
  4. ^ "Russia Visa requirements". SSCvisa. 
  5. ^ "Visa Information - Russia". Timatic. IATA. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  6. ^ Russia brings in new travel rules for nationals of visa-free countries, including Armenia
  7. ^ Visa-free stay in Russia limited to 90 days during 6 months
  8. ^ http://www.fms.gov.ru/press/news/news_detail.php?ID=12181
  9. ^ "Russia Visa Policy for Belarus Citizens". Timaticweb. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  10. ^ Соглашение между Правительством Российской Федерации и Правительством Республики Абхазия "O взаимных безвизовых поездках граждан Российской Федерации и Республики Абхазия"
  11. ^ "Russia Visa Policy for Armenia Citizens". Timaticweb. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  12. ^ "Russia Visa Policy for Azerbaijan Citizens". Timaticweb. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  13. ^ "Russia Visa Policy for Kazakhstan Citizens". Timaticweb. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  14. ^ "Russia Visa Policy for Kyrgyzstan Citizens". Timaticweb. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  15. ^ "Russia Visa Policy for Moldova Citizens". Timaticweb. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  16. ^ Соглашение между Правительством Российской Федерации и Правительством Республики Южная Осетия "O взаимных безвизовых поездках граждан Российской Федерации и Республики Южная Осетия"
  17. ^ "Russia Visa Policy for Tajikistan Citizens". Timaticweb. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  18. ^ "Russia Visa Policy for Ukraine Citizens". Timaticweb. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  19. ^ http://ria.ru/society/20141126/1035237825.html
  20. ^ "Russia Visa Policy for Uzbekistan Citizens". Timaticweb. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  21. ^ "Указ Президента РФ от 17 июня 2008 г. N 977 "О порядке въезда в Российскую Федерацию и выезда из Российской Федерации лиц без гражданства, состоявших в гражданстве СССР и проживающих в Латвийской Республике или Эстонской Республике"" (in Russian). Garant.ru. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  22. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Argentinian Republic on visa-free trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Argentinian Republic (in Russian)
  23. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Federal Republic of Brazil on waiver of visa requirements for short-term trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Federal Republic of Brazil (in Russian)
  24. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Chile on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Chile (in Russian)
  25. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Colombia on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Colombia (in Russian)
  26. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Ecuador on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Ecuador (in Russian)
  27. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Fiji on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Fiji (in Russian)
  28. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Guatemala on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Guatemala (in Russian)
  29. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the State of Israel on waiver of visa requirements for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the State of Israel (in Russian)
  30. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Honduras on cancellation of visa requirements for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Honduras (in Russian)
  31. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Nicaragua on cancellation of visa requirements for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Nicaragua (in Russian)
  32. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Panama on cancellation of visa requirements for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Panama (in Russian)
  33. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Paraguay on cancellation of visa requirements for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Paraguay (in Russian)
  34. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Peru on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Peru (in Russian)
  35. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Eastern Republic of Uruguay on the conditions visa exemption for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay (in Russian)
  36. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela on waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the two states (in Russian)
  37. ^ http://mid.ru/brp_4.nsf/newsline/E4FC14D4FFA3DF4B43257E150025E0CE
  38. ^ Russia inks visa-free agreement with El Salvador: Tass
  39. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Korea on cancellation of visa requirements for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Korea (in Russian)
  40. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Council of Ministers of the Bosnia and Herzegovina on terms of mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Bosnia and Herzegovina (in Russian)
  41. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Cuba on terms of mutual trips of citizens of both states (in Russian)
  42. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China on mutual abolition of visa requirements (in Russian)
  43. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Macedonia on terms of mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Macedonia (in Russian)
  44. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Mongolia on terms of mutual trips of the citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Mongolia (in Russian)
  45. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Montenegro on terms of mutual trips of the citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Montenegro (In Russian)
  46. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Serbia on terms of mutual trips of the citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of the Serbia (in Russian)
  47. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Kingdom of the Thailand on the terms of visa exemption for mutual visits of the Nationals of the Russian Federation and of the Kingdom of Thailand (in Russian)
  48. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Turkey on terms of mutual trips of the citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Turkey (in Russian)
  49. ^ About the Group Tourism Visa-free Agreement between China and Russia (in Chinese)
  50. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China on mutual exemption of visa requirements for nationals of the Russian Federation and permanent residents of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (in Russian)
  51. ^ http://www.mid.ru/bdomp/brp_4.nsf/e78a48070f128a7b43256999005bcbb3/5cdd89a6448a2c6e44257d5e0059a7ee!OpenDocument
  52. ^ <http://pravo.gov.ru/laws/acts/55/49505750451088.html
  53. ^ http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201502090005?index=1&rangeSize=1&back=False
  54. ^ [1]
  55. ^ http://www.kdmid.ru/docs.aspx
  56. ^ http://ria.ru/world/20141219/1039265260.html
  57. ^ http://ips.pravo.gov.ru/?docbody=3&nd=102163012
  58. ^ http://ips.pravo.gov.ru/?docbody=5&nd=102153757
  59. ^ http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201502090005?index=1&rangeSize=1&back=False
  60. ^ http://ips.pravo.gov.ru/?docbody=6&nd=102146380
  61. ^ http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201407140026?filtercode=government&filterid=8005d8c9-4b6d-48d3-861a-2a37e69fccb3
  62. ^ http://ips.pravo.gov.ru/?docbody=4&nd=102159816
  63. ^ http://kaliningrad.mid.ru/-/prekrasaetsa-vydaca-kratkosrocnyh-turisticeskih-viz-eksperiment-prodlen?redirect=
  64. ^ http://en.portnews.ru/news/187193/
  65. ^ "New window to Russia: tourists could spend three days in St Petersburg without a visa". Telegraph.co.uk. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  66. ^ Russia Considers Waiving Tourist Visas for Train Passengers
  67. ^ Treaty between the Russian Federation and the Finnish Republic on leasing to the Finnish Republic of the Russian part of Saimaa canal and adjoining territory and on the conditions of navigation through Saimaa canal, article 6, paragraph 3.
  68. ^ More visa-free traveling in the Baltic
  69. ^ [2]
  70. ^ Visa-free zone between Norway and Russia
  71. ^ EU makes visa exception for Kaliningrad
  72. ^ "Russian Federation Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  73. ^ Foreigners need visas to travel to Crimea
  74. ^ Ukraine insists on right of issuing Crimean visa
  75. ^ Crimea proposes lifting visas for tourists
  76. ^ Crimea visits to be visa-free for Chinese travellers — Russia tourism chief
  77. ^ Russia to ease visa regime for World Cup fans in 2018
  78. ^ Russia to introduce fingerprint scanning for visa applicants in UK, Denmark, Myanmar, Namibia

External links[edit]