Visa policy of Thailand
Visitors to Thailand must obtain a visa from one of the Thai diplomatic missions unless a) they come from a visa-exempt country or b) one of the countries whose citizens are eligible to obtain visas on arrival.
Thailand currently offers visa-free travel to nationals of 56 countries. With other countries, the Thai government has bilateral agreements on visa waivers. Most Western countries are eligible for visa-free travel, and also some countries from the eastern part of European Union, (Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Bulgaria), as well as Malta and Cyprus do need visas, but are granted a visa on arrival (if they arrive at one of the eligible entry points).
Thailand visa policy map
90 days visa-free (5 nations)
The governments of the following countries have concluded bilateral visa waiver agreements with Thailand. Nationals from either country pair may travel to each other without visa for a period of up to 90 days.
30/15 days visa-free (50 nations)
The following countries are granted visa-free travel to Thailand for a period of up to 30 days. Arriving by air gives a stay of 30 days. Arriving overland gives a stay of 15 days. (Except countries with special waivers)
† Citizens of countries that have bilateral agreements on visa waivers with Thailand are allowed to stay 30 days.
14 days (1 nation)
Visa on arrival (19 nations)
Nationals from the following countries may apply for Visa on Arrival at major entry points whether travel is by air or by land. The cost is THB1,000 and allows traveller to stay for 15 days. Visas on arrival may not be extended.
Eligible air entry points are Bangkok (BKK and DMK), Chiang Mai (CNX), Chiang Rai (CEI), Hat Yai (HDY), Krabi (KBV), Phuket (HKT), Samui (USM), Sukhothai (THS), Surat Thani (URT) and Utapao (UTP) airports. There are also several land and sea entry points.
General visa types
- Courtesy: Upon official request, the Royal Thai Embassy may grant courtesy visas/laissez-passer to diplomats/UN officials/others who wish to enter the Kingdom on official duty and/or other purposes
- Permanent resident: To qualify for this visa, you must have stayed in Thailand for 3 consecutive with the one-year visa extensions. If you are married to a Thai for 5 years, you must be earning 30,000 baht/month. If you are single, your monthly income must be 80,000 baht minimum.
- Tourist: If an individual wishes to remain in Thailand for more than 30 days, he/she may wish to obtain a tourist visa at a Royal Thai Embassy or Consulate prior to arriving in Thailand. The tourist visa must be used within 90 days from the date of issue and allows an initial stay of 60 days. After arrival in Thailand, a tourist visa may be extended twice, each time for an additional 30 days. There is a 1,900 baht fee for each extension.
- Transit: This type of visa is issued to applicants who wish to enter the Kingdom for the following purposes: to travel in transit through the Kingdom in order to proceed to the country of destination or to re-enter his/her own country (category "TS"); the person in charge of or crew of a conveyance coming to a port, station, or area in the Kingdom (category "C")
Non-Immigrant visa types
- Type B: to conduct business; work; attend business conferences; teach school; attend scuba diving, muay Thai, and massage courses
- Type D: diplomatic visa
- Type ED: to study; to come on a work study tour or observation tour; to participate in projects or seminars; to attend a conference or training course; to study as a foreign Buddhist monk
- Type EX: to undertake skilled work or to work as an expert or specialist
- Type F: to perform official duties, e.g., military exercises or governmental assignments
- Type IB: to invest or perform other activities relating to investment, subject to the provision of the established laws on investment promotion
- Type IM: to invest with the concurrence of the Thai ministries and governmental departments concerned
- Type M: to work as a film-producer, journalist, or reporter with permission from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Type O: to visit family; to perform duties for a state enterprise or social welfare organizations (NGOs); to receive medical treatment; to be a sports coach as required by the Thai government; to be a contestant; to be a witness in a judicial process
- Type O-A: retirement visa
- Type R: to perform missionary work or other religious activities with the concurrence of the Thai ministries or government departments concerned
- Type RS: to conduct scientific research or training or teaching in a research institute
- Type S:to participate in an officially recognised sports event.
For years, the only penalty for overstaying a visa in Thailand was a fine of THB500 per day, up to a maximum of 20,000 baht, and deportation. With the military takeover of 22 May 2014, policies are becoming stricter. Proposed new penalties may result in overstayers being refused entry to Thailand for periods ranging from 1 year to life.
The proposed new overstay penalties are:
If the overstayer surrenders voluntarily to authorities:
- Overstay <90 days: 500 baht per day fine, up to a maximum of 20,000 baht
- Overstay >90 days: Forbidden to re-enter Thailand for 1 year
- Overstay >1 year: Forbidden to re-enter Thailand for 3 years
- Overstay >3 years: Forbidden to re-enter Thailand for 5 years
- Overstay >5 years: Forbidden to re-enter Thailand for 10 years
- Overstay >10 years: Forbidden to re-enter Thailand for life
If the overstayer is apprehended by authorities:
- Overstay <1 year: Forbidden to re-enter Thailand for 5 years
- Overstay >1 year: Forbidden to re-enter Thailand for 10 years
The proposed new sanctions are projected to come into effect by the end of July 2014.
- Phuket: Strict new immigration regulations mean crackdown on visa runs
- "Thailand reinstates 30-day overland visa-free entries for select nationalities | The Thailand blog". Travelfish.org. 2013-11-01. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
- "Citizens of G7 Countries Offered 30 Days at Land Borders". Chiangmaicitynews.com. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
- Estonian tourists can visit Thailand visa-free
- List of Thailand’s Immigration Checkpoints which provide facilities for issuance of visa on arrival
- "Immigration Looks to Enforce Life Ban for Overstays Within Weeks". Phuket Gazette. 2014-07-08. Retrieved 2014-07-09.
- Download forms. Thailand Immigration Bureau
- Summary of Countries and Territories entitled for Visa Exemption and Visa on Arrival. Thailand Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Thailand Visa Information. Thailand Ministry of Foreign Affairs