Visa requirements for Australian citizens

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Visa requirements for Australian citizens are visa requirements imposed by other states on entry by Australian citizens who wish to enter into their country using an Australian passport.

In 2014 holders of an Australian passport can visit 168 countries and territories visa-free or with visa on arrival, and Australia is currently ranked 7th in terms of travel freedom, ranked behind Greece (6th placing, 169 countries) but above Malaysia and Malta (8th placing, 166 countries).[1]

Besides visa requirements, most countries specify other requirements which preclude the entry of Australian and other citizens into their country, for example a prospective entrant has a criminal history, or health issues, evidence of sufficient funds, evidence of ticket for exit, etc.

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Australian passport holders

Reciprocity issues[edit]

In 2014 Bulgaria, Cyprus and Romania notified the European Commission that they consider Australia requires a visa for their citizens.[2] Implications are that if the notification is accepted the EU may suspend the visa exemption for certain categories of Australian nationals and at the latest six months after publication of the regulation, the Commission may decide to suspend the visa-free access to all Australian citizens.[3]

Some countries regard the ETA as being equivalent to visa-free travel when deciding whether to grant the same to Australians wishing to enter their territory. The United States, for example, offers their Visa Waiver Program to Australian passport-holders,[4] and one of the conditions for joining this scheme is that "Governments provide reciprocal visa-free travel for U.S. citizens for 90 days for tourism or business purposes".[5] However, United States require from January 2009 similar ETA from citizens of Australia and some more countries. This system is not called visa, but Electronic System for Travel Authorization, therefore the USA still allows visa-free travel for Australians. As of December 1998, Japan has also granted visa-free access to Australians.[6] Other ETA eligible countries and territories Canada,[7] Hong Kong,[8] Malaysia,[9] Singapore[10] and South Korea (90 days)[11] and Taiwan (30 days)[12] also grant visa-free access to Australians while Brunei grants Australians a 30 day visa on arrival.[13]

Visa requirements[edit]

Each country has a multitude of visa types, each with its particular purpose and requirements. The basic tourist or visitor visas are as follows:

Africa[edit]

Country Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Algeria Visa required[14]
 Angola Visa required[15]
 Benin Visa required[16]
 Botswana Visa not required[17] 90 days per year
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[18] 1 month
 Burundi Visa on arrival[19] 30 days. Not available at all entry points.[20]
 Cameroon Visa required[21]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[22] Not available at all entry points.[23]
 Central African Republic Visa required[24]
 Chad Visa required[25]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[26]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[27]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[28]
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[29] 3 months; eVisa holders must arrive via Port Bouet Airport.
 Djibouti Visa on arrival[30] Not available at all entry points.[31]
 Egypt Visa on arrival[32] 30 days
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[33]
 Eritrea Visa required[34]
 Ethiopia Visa on arrival[35] Not available at all entry points.[36]
 Gabon Visa required[37]
 Gambia Visa not required[38] 90 days
 Ghana Visa required[39]
 Guinea Visa required[40]
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[41] 90 days
 Kenya Visa on arrival[42] 3 months
 Lesotho Visa not required[43] 14 days[44]
 Liberia Visa required[45]
 Libya Visa required[46]
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[47] 90 days
 Malawi Visa not required[48] up to 90 days
 Maldives Visa on arrival[49] 30 days[44]
 Mali Visa on arrival[50]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[51]
 Mauritius Visa not required[52] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[53] 3 months
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[54] 30 days, conditions apply[55]
 Namibia Visa not required[56] 3 months
 Niger Visa required[57]
 Nigeria Visa required[58]
 Rwanda eVisa[59] 90 days
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[60]
 Senegal eVisa[61] 90 days
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[62] 1 month[44]
 Sierra Leone Visa required[63]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[64] 30 days, provided an invitation letter issued by the sponsor has been submitted
to the Airport Immigration Department at least 2 days before arrival.
 South Africa Visa not required[65] 90 days
 South Sudan Visa required[66]
 Sudan Visa required[67]
 Swaziland Visa not required[68] 30 days[44]
 Tanzania Visa on arrival[69]
 Togo Visa on arrival[70] 7 days
 Tunisia Visa on arrival[71]
 Uganda Visa on arrival[72] Determined at the port of entry.
 Zambia Visa on arrival[73] up to 90 days
 Zimbabwe Visa on arrival[74] 90 days for Tourism or 30 days for Business purposes.

Americas[edit]

Country Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[75] 1 month
 Argentina Reciprocity fee in advance[76] 90 days. Reciprocity fee must be paid online in advance (valid for 10 years).[77]
 Bahamas Visa not required[78] 3 months
 Barbados Visa not required[79] 6 months
 Belize Visa not required[80] 1 month[44]
 Bolivia Visa not required[81] 90 days
 Brazil Visa required[82]
 Canada Visa not required[83] 6 months
 Chile Reciprocity fee on arrival[84] 90 days
 Colombia Visa not required[85] up to 180 days
 Costa Rica Visa not required[86] 90 days
 Cuba Tourist Card required[87]
 Dominica Visa not required[88] 6 months
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[89] 90 days (10 USD Tourist Card valid for 30 days must be purchased upon arrival)
 Ecuador Visa not required[90] 90 days[44]
 El Salvador Visa not required[91] 3 months
 Grenada Visa not required[92] 3 months[44]
 Guatemala Visa not required[93] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[94] 3 months
 Haiti Visa not required[95] 3 months
 Honduras Visa not required[96] 3 months
 Jamaica Visa not required[97]
 Mexico Visa not required[98] 180 days
 Nicaragua Visa not required[99] 90 days
 Panama Visa not required[100] 180 days
 Paraguay Visa on arrival[101] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[102] up to 183 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[103] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[104] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[105] 1 month
 Suriname Visa required[106]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa on arrival[107] 30 days
 United States Visa Waiver Program[108] 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years, ESTA required if arriving by air or cruise ship.[109]
 Uruguay Visa not required[110] 3 months
 Venezuela Visa not required[111] 90 days

Asia[edit]

Country Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[112]
 Armenia Visa on arrival[113] 120 days. Obtainable on arrival at Zvartnots International Airport or prior to travel online.[114]
 Azerbaijan Visa required[115]
 Bahrain Visa on arrival[116] 14 days
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[117] 30 days. Not available at all entry points.[118]
 Bhutan Visa required[119]
 Brunei Visa on arrival[120] 30 days
 Cambodia Visa on arrival[121] 30 days. Visa is also obtainable online.[122]
 China Visa required[123] 72-hours visa free visit when in transit at Beijing, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Shanghai, Shenyang and Xi'an.
 Georgia Visa not required[124] 90 days within 180 days
 India Visa required[125]
 Indonesia Visa on arrival[126] 30 days.[127] Not available at all entry points.[128]
 Iran Visa on arrival[129] 15 days
 Iraq Visa required[130]
 Israel Visa not required[131] 3 months
 Japan Visa not required[132] 90 days
 Jordan Visa on arrival[133] Conditions apply.[134] Not available at all entry points.[135]
 Kazakhstan Visa required[136]
 North Korea Visa required[137]
 South Korea Visa not required[138] 90 days
 Kuwait Visa on arrival[139] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[140] 60 days
 Laos Visa on arrival[141] 30 days.[44] Not available at all entry points.[142]
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[143] 3 months. Not available at all entry points.[144]
 Malaysia Visa not required[145] 3 months
 Mongolia Visa required[146]
 Myanmar eVisa[147] eVisa holders must arrive at Yangon International Airport. Also visa on arrival for 28 days, if arriving from Siem Reap, Guangzhou or Phnom Penh on MAI.[148]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[149] 90 days
 Oman Visa on arrival[150] 30 days[44]
 Pakistan Visa required[151] Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days. Conditions apply.[152]
 Philippines Visa not required[153] 30 days
 Qatar Visa on arrival[154] 1 month. Not available at all entry points.[155]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[156]
 Singapore Visa not required[157] 30 days
 Sri Lanka Electronic Travel Authorization[158] 30 days tourism visa via ETA, 30 day business visas available on arrival
 Syria Visa required[159]
 Tajikistan Visa on arrival[160] 45 days
 Thailand Visa not required[161] 30 days by air, 15 days by land
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[162] 30 days. Not available at all entry points.[163]
 Turkey eVisa[164] 3 months.[165]
 Turkmenistan Visa required[166]
 United Arab Emirates Visa on arrival[167] 30 days
 Uzbekistan Visa required[168]
 Vietnam Visa required[169] Pre-arranged visa obtained online through travel agencies available at Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City or Da Nang airports.
Phú Quốc without a visa for up to 30 days.[170]
 Yemen Visa required[171]

Europe[edit]

Country Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Albania Visa not required[172] 90 days
 Andorra Visa not required[173]
 Austria Visa not required[174] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Belarus Visa required[175] Visas are issued on arrival at the Minsk International Airport
if the support documents were submitted not later than 3 business days before expected date of arrival.[176]
 Belgium Visa not required[177] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[178] 90 days within 180 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[179] 90 days within 180 days
 Croatia Visa not required[180] 90 days within 180 days
 Cyprus Visa not required[181] 90 days within 180 days
 Czech Republic Visa not required[182] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Denmark and territories Visa not required[183] 90 days every six months, regardless of whether they have stayed in another Schengen area country (except the other Nordic countries) prior to entry into Denmark.[184] If visitors from Australia spend any amount of time in Denmark and/or the other Nordic countries in the first 90 days of their visa exempt period according to the Schengen agreement, they cannot claim the following 90 days visa exempt period for Denmark and the Nordic countries.[185]
 Estonia Visa not required[186] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Finland Visa not required[187] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 France and territories Visa not required[188] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area (in Regions of France)
 Germany Visa not required[189] 90 days outright, in order to re-enter for another 90 days visitors have to depart Germany for any other country and can come back even the same day, visitors need to be able to document how many days they have spent in Germany if they have entered through another Schengen country so it is recommended to enter and depart from a German airport in order to obtain the official entry and departure passport stamps. In addition 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area[190]
 Greece Visa not required[191] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Hungary Visa not required[192] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Iceland Visa not required[193] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Ireland Visa not required[194] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[195] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Latvia Visa not required[196] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[197] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Lithuania Visa not required[198] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Luxembourg Visa not required[199] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Macedonia Visa not required[200] 90 days within 180 days
 Malta Visa not required[201] 90 days within 180 days
 Moldova Visa not required[202] 90 days within 180 days
 Monaco Visa not required[203]
 Montenegro Visa not required[204] 90 days within 180 days
 Netherlands and territories Visa not required[205] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area (European Netherlands)
 Norway Visa not required[206] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Poland Visa not required[207] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Portugal Visa not required[208] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Romania Visa not required[209] 90 days within 180 days
 Russia Visa required[210] Cruise ship passengers do not require a visa for up to 72 hours.[211]
 San Marino Visa not required[212]
 Serbia Visa not required[213] 90 days within 180 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[214] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Slovenia Visa not required[215] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Spain Visa not required[216] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Sweden Visa not required[217] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
  Switzerland Visa not required[218] 90 days within 180 days in the Schengen area
 Ukraine Visa required[219] Invitation letter is not required for Australian citizens.[220]
 United Kingdom
excluding some Overseas territories
Visa not required[221] 6 months
  Vatican City Visa not required[222]

Oceania[edit]

Country Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Fiji Visa not required[223] 4 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[224] 30 days
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[225] 90 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[226] 30 days
 Nauru Visa on arrival[227]
 New Zealand Freedom of movement[228] Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement
 Palau Visa on arrival[229] 30 days
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[230][231]
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[232] 60 days
 Solomon Islands Visitor's permit on arrival[233] 3 months
 Tonga Visa on arrival[234] 31 days
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[235] 1 month[44]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[236] 30 days[44]

Territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Australian citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[237]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[238][239]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[240]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[241][242]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[243] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[244]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[245]
 Guernsey Visa not required[246]
 Isle of Man Visa not required[247]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[248] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[249]
 Jersey Visa not required[250]
 Kosovo Visa not required 90 days[251]
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Visa required[252][253] Travellers with Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[254]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[255]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[256][257]
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24h.[258][259]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[260]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[261]
 Ascension Island Entry Permit required Entry Permit must be obtained minimum 28 days in advance (3 months for 20/30 pounds sterling, single/double entry).[262]
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass required Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[263]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[264]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[265][266]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[267]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
China Hainan Visa not required 15 days[268]
 Hong Kong Visa not required 3 months[269]
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh.
Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[270][271][272][273][274][275]
 Iraqi Kurdistan Visa on arrival Visa on arrival for 15 days is available at Erbil and Sulaymaniyah airports.[276]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[277]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[278]
 Macao Visa not required 30 days[279]
Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[280]
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[281]
 Palestine Visa not required[282] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[283]
 Taiwan Visa not required 30 days[284]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[285][286][287]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[288][289][290]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
Vietnam Phú Quốc Visa not required 30 days[291]
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[292]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Anguilla Visa not required 3 months[293]
 Aruba Visa not required 30 days, extendable to 180 days[294][295]
 Bermuda Visa not required Up to 6 months, decided on arrival.[296]
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa not required 3 months[297][298]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required 30 days, extensions possible[299]
 Cayman Islands Visa not required 6 months[300]
 Curacao Visa not required 3 months[301]
France French Guiana Visa not required 3 months[302]
France French West Indies Visa not required 3 months (French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy)[303]
 Greenland Visa not required[244]
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa not required All visitors are fingerprinted.[304]
 Montserrat Visa not required 6 months[305][306]
 Sint Maarten Visa not required 30 days, extendable to 180 days[307][308]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required 30 days[309]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa not required Under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.[310]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Entry permit required Entry permit is required.[311]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[312]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[313]
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days[314]
 Guam Visa not required Under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.[315]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[316]
 French Polynesia Visa not required 90 days within 180 days[317]
 Niue Visa on arrival 30 days[318]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa not required[319] Visa not required under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[320][321][322]
 Puerto Rico Visa not required Under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.[323]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[324][325][326][327][328][329][330]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa not required Visa is not required.[331]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[332][333]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica,
Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands,
Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[334][335][336][337][338][339][340][341][342][343][344][345]

Additional rules[edit]

Visa exemptions for Schengen states[edit]

A stay in the Schengen Area as a whole of more than three months (but no more than three months in any individual member state)[edit]

The Australian Government has signed bilateral visa waiver agreements with a number of the individual countries who are Schengen signatories, which allow Australian citizens to spend up to three months in the relevant country, without reference to time spent in other Schengen signatory states. Since these agreements continue to remain valid despite the implementation of the Schengen agreement, the European Commission has confirmed that in practice if Australians visit Schengen countries which have signed these types of bilateral agreements with Australia, then the terms of these agreements override the conditions normally imposed as a result of the Schengen visa exemption agreement.

Australia has individual bilateral visa waiver agreements with the following Schengen signatories:

Consequently, Australian citizens can visit the above Schengen member states visa-free for periods of up to three months in each country. If, however, an Australian citizen then visits another Schengen state not included in the list above, the restriction of no more than three months out of a six-month period in the Schengen area as a whole applies. Therefore, if an Australian citizen has already spent three months in one or more of the above Schengen countries, any visits to another Schengen country without a bilateral visa waiver agreement with Australia may lead to difficulties with local law enforcement agencies (e.g. being accused of having overstayed upon leaving a Schengen country which is not in the list above).

A stay in the Schengen Area as a whole of up to three months[edit]

Australian citizens are classified as 'Annex II' foreign nationals, and so are permitted to stay visa-free in the 26 member states of the Schengen Area as a whole — rather than each country individually — for a period not exceeding 3 months every 6 months.

During the visa exemption period, Australian citizens are permitted to work in Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Slovenia and Sweden.[348] In addition, Australian citizens intending to stay and work in Estonia for up to 90 days can do so without a visa as long as the employer has completed a 'registration of short-term employment'.[349]

A stay in the Schengen Area as a whole of more than 3 months (and more than 3 months in an individual member state)[edit]

In general, any person who is not a European Union, European Economic Area or Swiss citizen and who wishes to stay in a Schengen member state for more than 3 months is required to obtain a national long-stay 'D' visa and/or a residence permit. Australian citizens aged 18–30 (or 18-35 in some cases) are able to obtain a national long-stay 'D' visa and/or a residence permit from some Schengen member states on the basis of a working holiday (see below). Schengen member states also issue national long-stay 'D' visas and residence permits for other reasons to those fulfilling criteria laid out in their national immigration policies (e.g. skilled workers, students, au pair).

In general, the national long-stay 'D' visa/residence permit needs to be obtained in advance through the member state's embassy/consulate. However, some Schengen member states offer exceptions for Australian citizens.

 Austria allows Australian citizens to enter the country without a visa and to apply for a temporary residence permit or a 'Red-White-Red Card' (issued to permanent immigrants) after arrival, rather than in advance through an Austrian embassy/consulate.[350][351]

The  Czech Republic allows Australian citizens to apply for a work visa under a special scheme known as a 'Green Card' (rather than a 'Blue Card' or work permit which is required by most non-EU citizens). The application for a Green Card can be lodged at any Czech embassy/consulate (or, in some circumstances, within the Czech Republic if the applicant is already resident there) and is usually processed within 60 days.[352]

 Germany permits Australian citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months to enter without a visa and to apply for a residence permit after arrival (whilst for many other non-EEA and Swiss citizens, a residence permit and visa for a stay over 3 months must be applied for in advance at a German foreign mission).[353][354]

 Estonia permits Australian citizens to stay and work in Estonia for more than 90 days but less than 6 months as long as they obtain a category 'D' long-stay visa at a cost of €80 in advance at an Estonian foreign mission after the employer has completed a 'registration of short-term employment'.[355] Australian citizens intending to stay and work in Estonia for more than 6 months can apply for a temporary residence permit for employment after arrival in the country.[356]

 Hungary allows Australian citizens who wish to stay for more than 90 days in the country to apply for a residence card from the regional directorate of the Office of Immigration and Nationality within 90 days of arrival and do not need to obtain a residence permit prior to arrival in Hungary (unlike most other non-EEA and Swiss foreign nationals).[357]

 Latvia permits Australian citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months as self-employed persons or as businesspersons to enter Latvia without a visa and to apply for a residence permit after arrival (whilst for many non-EEA and Swiss citizens, an application for a residence permit must be lodged in advance at a Latvian foreign mission).[358]

 Netherlands exempts Australian citizens from the requirement to obtain a Schengen category "D" visa (the visa issued for long term stays in The Netherlands of over 90 days, known in Dutch as the "MVV" visa) - an exemption which goes beyond the visa waiver afforded to most other non-EEA and non-Swiss foreign nationals who are usually only given a visa waiver of up to 90 days in a 180 day period.[359]

 Norway permits Australian citizens who have qualifications as a skilled worker to stay in the country without a visa for up to 6 months to seek employment as a skilled worker or a specialist (except as a religious leader/teacher or an ethnic cook), as long as they register with the police within 3 months of arriving in Norway.[360]

Visa exemptions and requirements for the United Kingdom[edit]

Australian citizens are able to visit the United Kingdom for up to 6 months (or 3 months if they enter from the Republic of Ireland) without the need to apply for a visa as long as they fulfil all of the following criteria:

  • they do not work during their stay in the UK
  • they must not register a marriage or register a civil partnership during their stay in the UK
  • they can present evidence of sufficient money to fund their stay in the UK (if requested by the border inspection officer)
  • they intend to leave the UK at the end of their visit and can meet the cost of the return/onward journey
  • they have completed a landing card and submitted it at passport control unless in direct transit to a destination outside the Common Travel Area[361]
  • if under the age of 18, they can demonstrate evidence of suitable care arrangements and parental (or guardian's) consent for their stay in the UK[362]

However, even though, strictly speaking, he or she is not required to apply for a visa if he or she satisfies all of the above criteria, an Australian citizen who falls into any of the following categories is strongly advised by the UK Border Agency to apply for a visa prior to travelling to the UK:

  • he/she has any unspent criminal convictions in any country
  • he/she has previously been refused or breached the terms of any entry to the UK, or been deported or otherwise removed from the UK
  • he/she has previously applied for a visa and been refused one
  • he/she has been warned by a UK official that he/she should obtain a visa before travelling to the UK

Australian citizens who were born before 1983 and qualify for the right of abode are able to live and work in the United Kingdom indefinitely.

Australian citizens with a grandparent born either in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands or Isle of Man at any time or in the Republic of Ireland on or before 31 March 1922 can apply for UK Ancestry Entry Clearance, which enables them to work in the UK for five years, after which they can apply to settle indefinitely.

Australian citizens aged 18 to 30 can apply for a Youth Mobility Scheme visa which allows them to pursue a working holiday in the UK for two years.

Visa exemption for New Zealand[edit]

By virtue of the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement, Australian citizens are exempt from the requirement to hold a permit on arrival in New Zealand and may reside or work for an indefinite period as long as:[363]

  • they present a valid Australian passport OR hold a foreign passport showing ther Australian Citizen Endorsement or Australian Citizen Declaratory Visa (either with a label or a confirmation letter) as evidence of their Australian citizenship
  • they have no criminal convictions
  • they have no untreated tuberculosis
  • they have not been deported, excluded or removed from any country

Vaccination[edit]

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination for Yellow Fever. Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area.[364]

Passport validity[edit]

Many countries require passport validity of no less than 6 months and one or two blank pages.[365]

Countries requiring passport validity of at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Bhutan, Botswana, Brunei, Cambodia, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Fiji, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq (except when arriving at Basra - 3 months and Erbil or Sulaimaniyah - on arrival), Israel, Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, countries requiring passport validity of at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia, Zambia, countries requiring passport validity of at least 3 months on arrival include European Union countries (except Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom), Georgia, Honduras, Iceland, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Moldova, Nauru, Panama, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates and countries requiring passport validity of at least 1 month on arrival include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Macao, South Africa.[366] Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or passport valid throughout the period of intended stay.

Israeli stamps[edit]

Visitors with passport stamp of Israel are not allowed to enter a number of countries because of the Arab League boycott of Israel. Israel have since stopped the usage of stamps on passports in general and is now using electronic ticketing system.

Fingerprinting[edit]

Several countries including Argentina, Cambodia, Japan, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, United States, South Korea demand all passengers to be fingerprinted on arrival.[367][368][369][370][371][372][373]

Furthermore, the UAE conducts retina scanning on visitors, however, that is normally for those who have to apply for a visa.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "International Visa Restrictions". Henley and partners. July 2014. Retrieved July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Information from the Commission about notifications by the Member States of cases of non-reciprocity in accordance with Article 1(4)(a) of Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 as amended by Regulation (EU) No 1289/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council". European Commission. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  3. ^ EU gives US six months to come clean on visa policy
  4. ^ "Visa Waiver Program (VWP)". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2007-08-31. 
  5. ^ "Visa Waiver Program - How a Country Qualifies". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2007-08-31. 
  6. ^ "Visa Free Entry to Japan for Short-term Visitors from Australia". Department of Immigration and Citizenship. 1998-11-05. Archived from the original on 2007-06-09. Retrieved 2007-08-31. 
  7. ^ "Countries and territories whose citizens do not need a visa (visa exemptions)". Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "Visit Visa / Entry Permit Requirements for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region". Immigration Department of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  9. ^ "Visa Requirement by Country". Immigration Department of Malaysia. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  10. ^ "Visa Requirements for Entry into Singapore". High Commission of The Republic of Singapore - London. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  11. ^ "Nationals of countries or regions allowed for visa-free entry". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  12. ^ "Visa-Exempt Entry". Bureau of Consular Affairs. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  13. ^ "Visa Information". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  14. ^ "Visa Information for Algeria: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "Visa Information for Angola: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "Visa Information for Benin: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  17. ^ "Visa Information for Botswana: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  18. ^ "Visa Information for Burkina Faso: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  19. ^ "Visa Information for Burundi: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  20. ^ Obtainable at Bujumbura International Airport.
  21. ^ "Visa Information for Cameroon: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  22. ^ "Visa Information for Cape Verde: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  23. ^ Obtainable at Nelson Mandela International Airport, Cesária Évora Airport, Amílcar Cabral International Airport and Aristides Pereira International Airport.
  24. ^ "Visa Information for Central African Republic: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  25. ^ "Visa Information for Chad: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  26. ^ "Visa Information for Comoros: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  27. ^ "Visa Information for Congo: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  28. ^ "Visa Information for Congo, the Democratic Republic of the: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  29. ^ Visa at International Airport Felix Houphouet Boigny in Abidjan
  30. ^ "Visa Information for Djibouti: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  31. ^ Obtainable at Djibouti–Ambouli International Airport.
  32. ^ "Visa Information for Egypt: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  33. ^ "Visa Information for Equatorial Guinea: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  34. ^ "Visa Information for Eritrea: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  35. ^ "Visa Information for Ethiopia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  36. ^ Obtainable at Addis Ababa Bole International Airport.
  37. ^ "Visa Information for Gabon: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  38. ^ "Visa Information for Gambia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  39. ^ "Visa Information for Ghana: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  40. ^ "Visa Information for Guinea: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  41. ^ "Visa Information for Guinea-Bissau: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  42. ^ "Visa Information for Kenya: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  43. ^ "Visa Information for Lesotho: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Extendable length of stay.
  45. ^ "Visa Information for Liberia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  46. ^ "Visa Information for Libyan Arab Jamahiriya: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  47. ^ "Visa Information for Madagascar: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  48. ^ "Visa Information for Malawi: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  49. ^ "Visa Information for Maldives: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  50. ^ "Visa Information for Mali: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  51. ^ "Visa Information for Mauritania: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  52. ^ "Visa Information for Mauritius: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  53. ^ "Visa Information for Morocco: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  54. ^ "Visa Information for Mozambique: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  55. ^ "Visa Information". Timatic. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  56. ^ "Visa Information for Namibia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  57. ^ "Visa Information for Niger: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  58. ^ "Visa Information for Nigeria: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  59. ^ [1]
  60. ^ http://www.smf.st/virtualvisa/
  61. ^ [2]
  62. ^ "Visa Information for Seychelles: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  63. ^ "Visa Information for Sierra Leone: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  64. ^ "Visa Information for Somalia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). 
  65. ^ "Visa Information for South Africa: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  66. ^ "Visa Information for South Sudan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  67. ^ "Visa Information for Sudan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  68. ^ "Visa Information for Swaziland: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  69. ^ "Visa Information for Tanzania, United Republic of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  70. ^ "Visa Information for Togo: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  71. ^ "Visa Information for Tunisia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  72. ^ "Visa Information for Uganda: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  73. ^ "Visa Information for Zambia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  74. ^ "Visa Information for Zimbabwe: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  75. ^ "Visa Information for Antigua and Barbuda: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  76. ^ "Visa Information for Argentina: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  77. ^ [3]
  78. ^ "Visa Information for Bahamas: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  79. ^ "Visa Information for Barbados: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  80. ^ "Visa Information for Belize: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  81. ^ "Visa Information for Bolivia, Plurinational State of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  82. ^ "Visa Information for Brazil: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  83. ^ "Visa Information for Canada: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  84. ^ "Visa Information for Chile: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  85. ^ "Visa Information for Colombia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  86. ^ "Visa Information for Costa Rica: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  87. ^ "Visa Information for Cuba: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  88. ^ "Visa Information for Dominica: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  89. ^ "Visa Information for Dominican Republic: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  90. ^ "Visa Information for Ecuador: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  91. ^ "Visa Information for El Salvador: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  92. ^ "Visa Information for Grenada: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  93. ^ "Visa Information for Guatemala: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  94. ^ "Visa Information for Guyana: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  95. ^ "Visa Information for Haiti: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  96. ^ "Visa Information for Honduras: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  97. ^ "Visa Information for Jamaica: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  98. ^ "Visa Information for Mexico: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  99. ^ "Visa Information for Nicaragua: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  100. ^ "Visa Information for Panama: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  101. ^ "Visa Information for Paraguay: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  102. ^ "Visa Information for Peru: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  103. ^ "Visa Information for Saint Kitts and Nevis: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  104. ^ "Visa Information for Saint Lucia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  105. ^ "Visa Information for Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  106. ^ "Visa Information for Suriname: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  107. ^ "Visa Information for Trinidad and Tobago: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  108. ^ "Visa Information for United States: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  109. ^ [4]
  110. ^ "Visa Information for Uruguay: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  111. ^ "Visa Information for Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  112. ^ "Visa Information for Afghanistan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  113. ^ "Visa Information for Armenia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  114. ^ e-Visa - Republic of Armenia Electronic Visa System
  115. ^ "Visa Information for Azerbaijan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  116. ^ "Visa Information for Bahrain: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  117. ^ "Visa Information for Bangladesh: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  118. ^ Available at Shahjalal International Airport, Shah Amanat International Airport and Osmani International Airport only.
  119. ^ "Visa Information for Bhutan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  120. ^ "Visa Information for Brunei Darussalam: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  121. ^ "Visa Information for Cambodia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  122. ^ http://evisa.mfaic.gov.kh
  123. ^ "Visa Information for China: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  124. ^ "Visa Information for Georgia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  125. ^ "Visa Information for India: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  126. ^ "Visa Information for Indonesia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  127. ^ "Visa Information". Timatic. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  128. ^ Obtainable at the airports in Jakarta, Bali, Surabaya, Banda Aceh, Medan, Padang, Pekanbaru, Manado, Biak, Ambon, Balikpapan, Pontianak, Kupang, Batam, and South Sumatra, at Batam and Bintan ferry terminals and no land border crossing.
  129. ^ "Visa Information for Iran, Islamic Republic of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  130. ^ "Visa Information for Iraq: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  131. ^ "Visa Information for Israel: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  132. ^ "Visa Information for Japan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  133. ^ "Visa Information for Jordan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  134. ^ "Visa Information". Timatic. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  135. ^ Visa on arrival obtainable at most international ports of entry and at most international land border crossings (except King Hussein/Allenby Bridge crossing).
  136. ^ "Visa Information for Kazakhstan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  137. ^ "Visa Information for Korea, Democratic People's Republic of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  138. ^ "Visa Information for Korea, Republic of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  139. ^ "Visa Information for Kuwait: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  140. ^ "Visa Information for Kyrgyzstan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  141. ^ "Visa Information for Lao People's Democratic Republic: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  142. ^ Available at international airports Wattay Vientiane, Pakse Savannakhet and Luang Prabang, and at land borders Friendship Bridge, Vientiane and Savannakhet; Nam Heuang Friendship Bridge, Sayabouly Province; and border crossings at Boten-Mohan, Dansavan-Lao Bao, Houaysay-Chiang Khong, Thakhek-Nakhon Phanom, Nong Haet-Nam Kan, Nam Phao-Kao Cheo, Veun Kham-Dong Calor, and Vangtao-Chong Mek as well as Tha Naleng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkhai, Thailand. Entry points Napao-Chalo, Taichang-Sophoun, Pakxan-Bungkan, and Xiengkok are open only to visa holders.
  143. ^ "Visa Information for Lebanon: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  144. ^ Obtainable at the land border with Syria, the port of Beirut, or Beirut International Airport.
  145. ^ "Visa Information for Malaysia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  146. ^ "Visa Information for Mongolia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  147. ^ Myanmar eVisa
  148. ^ "Visa Information". Timatic. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  149. ^ "Visa Information for Nepal: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  150. ^ "Visa Information for Oman: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  151. ^ "Visa Information for Pakistan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  152. ^ [5]
  153. ^ "Visa Information for Philippines: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  154. ^ "Visa Information for Qatar: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  155. ^ Available only at Doha International Airport.
  156. ^ "Visa Information for Saudi Arabia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  157. ^ "Visa Information for Singapore: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  158. ^ "Visa Information for Sri Lanka: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  159. ^ "Visa Information for Syrian Arab Republic: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  160. ^ "Visa Information for Tajikistan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  161. ^ "Visa Information for Thailand: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  162. ^ "Visa Information for Timor-Leste: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  163. ^ Obtainable at the Presidente Nicolau Lobato International Airport or at the Dili Sea Port.
  164. ^ "Turkey e-visa". Republic of Turkey. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  165. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.tr/visa-applications-at-points-of-entry-to-the-republic-of-turkey-as-of-11-april-2014-and-measures-to-be-taken-during-the-transit.en.mfa
  166. ^ "Visa Information for Turkmenistan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  167. ^ "Visa Information for United Arab Emirates: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  168. ^ "Visa Information for Uzbekistan: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  169. ^ "Visa Information for Viet Nam: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  170. ^ http://www.vietseatourist.vn/News/category1/news-57/No-visa-required-for-tourists-to-Phu-Quoc-on-short-stay.html
  171. ^ "Visa Information for Yemen: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  172. ^ "Visa Information for Albania: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  173. ^ "Visa Information for Andorra: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  174. ^ "Visa Information for Austria: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  175. ^ "Visa Information for Belarus: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  176. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.by/en/visa/airport/
  177. ^ "Visa Information for Belgium: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  178. ^ "Visa Information for Bosnia and Herzegovina: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  179. ^ "Visa Information for Bulgaria: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  180. ^ "Visa Information for Croatia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  181. ^ "Visa Information for Cyprus: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  182. ^ "Visa Information for Czech Republic: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  183. ^ "Visa Information for Denmark: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  184. ^ Citizens of certain countries are entitled to stay in Denmark for 90 days, regardless of stays in other Schengen countries, The Danish Immigration Service
  185. ^ Bilateral Visa Agreements
  186. ^ "Visa Information for Estonia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  187. ^ "Visa Information for Finland: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  188. ^ "Visa Information for France: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  189. ^ "Visa Information for Germany: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  190. ^ German-Australian Agreement on the Exemption of Visa Requirements 1952. Deutsch-australisches Abkommen uber Sichtvenmerksbefreiung und Sichtvermerkserleichterunt VI. Offentliche Sicherheit - RDscher. d. BMI v. 22.12.1952 - 6228 A - 1134 1/53, An de Herren Innenminister (Sennatoren). der Bundeslander ind das Amt fur den Pabkontrolldieast, Koblenz, - Am Rhein 12. BMBL S.575, 1952
  191. ^ "Visa Information for Greece: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  192. ^ "Visa Information for Hungary: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  193. ^ "Visa Information for Iceland: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  194. ^ "Visa Information for Ireland: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  195. ^ "Visa Information for Italy: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  196. ^ "Visa Information for Latvia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  197. ^ "Visa Information for Liechtenstein: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  198. ^ "Visa Information for Lithuania: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  199. ^ "Visa Information for Luxembourg: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  200. ^ "Visa Information for Macedonia|name=Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  201. ^ "Visa Information for Malta: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  202. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.md/entry-visas-moldova/citizens-additional-checks/#link
  203. ^ "Visa Information for Monaco: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  204. ^ "Visa Information for Montenegro: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  205. ^ "Visa Information for Netherlands: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  206. ^ "Visa Information for Norway: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  207. ^ "Visa Information for Poland: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  208. ^ "Visa Information for Portugal: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  209. ^ "Visa Information for Romania: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  210. ^ "Visa Information for Russian Federation: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  211. ^ [6]
  212. ^ "Visa Information for San Marino: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  213. ^ "Visa Information for Serbia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  214. ^ "Visa Information for Slovakia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  215. ^ "Visa Information for Slovenia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  216. ^ "Visa Information for Spain: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  217. ^ "Visa Information for Sweden: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  218. ^ "Visa Information for Switzerland: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  219. ^ "Visa Information for Ukraine: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  220. ^ [7]
  221. ^ "Visa Information for United Kingdom: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  222. ^ "Visa Information for Holy See (Vatican City State): Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  223. ^ "Visa Information for Fiji: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  224. ^ "Visa Information for Kiribati: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  225. ^ "Visa Information for Marshall Islands: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  226. ^ "Visa Information for Micronesia, Federated States of: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  227. ^ "Visa Information for Nauru: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  228. ^ "Visa Information for New Zealand: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  229. ^ "Visa Information for Palau: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  230. ^ "Visa Information for Papua New Guinea: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  231. ^ Public notice - Ban on visa on arrival facility for Australian passport holders
  232. ^ "Visa Information for Samoa: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  233. ^ "Visa Information for Solomon Islands: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  234. ^ "Visa Information for Tonga: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  235. ^ "Visa Information for Tuvalu: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  236. ^ "Visa Information for Vanuatu: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  237. ^ http://mfaapsny.org/aps/council/visa.php
  238. ^ http://www.athosfriends.org/PilgrimsGuide/planning/
  239. ^ http://www.mountathosinfos.gr/pages/agionoros/pilgrims_info.en.html
  240. ^ Foreigners Now Need Russian Visa to Visit Crimea
  241. ^ http://www.korinia.com/living-north-cyprus.php
  242. ^ http://www.cypnet.co.uk/ncyprus/tourism/tourist.html
  243. ^ http://www.unficyp.org/nqcontent.cfm?a_id=1608&tt=graphic&lang=l1
  244. ^ a b [8]
  245. ^ "Visa Information for Gibraltar: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  246. ^ Do I require an entry clearance/ VISA
  247. ^ An overview of Immigration in the Isle of Man
  248. ^ http://www.jan-mayen.no/visit.htm
  249. ^ http://www.lovdata.no/for/sf/jd/xd-19620601-0001.html
  250. ^ Visa and passport requirements for visitors
  251. ^ http://www.mfa-ks.net/?page=2,158
  252. ^ http://www.nkr.am/en/the-procedure-of-foreign-citizens-entry-to-the-nkr/92/
  253. ^ http://www.nkrusa.org/nkr_office/visa_travel.shtml
  254. ^ http://mfa.gov.az/index.php?options=content&id=587
  255. ^ "Russian Federation Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  256. ^ http://mfa-rso.su/node/55
  257. ^ http://mfa-rso.su/en/node/406
  258. ^ http://www.luxlana.net/Transdniestr.html
  259. ^ http://transnistria-tour.com/en/rules-and-tipps
  260. ^ http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/travel-and-living-abroad/travel-advice-by-country/asia-oceania/british-indian-ocean-territory?ta=entryRequirements&pg=4
  261. ^ http://www.eritrea.be/MoT.htm
  262. ^ http://www.ascension-island.gov.ac/services/entry-permits/
  263. ^ http://www.sthelenatourism.com/the-island/useful-info/
  264. ^ http://www.tristandc.com/visitsadmin.php
  265. ^ http://www.lonelyplanet.com/somaliland-puntland-and-somalia/practical-information/visas
  266. ^ http://www.somalilandgov.com/Visa%20Application.htm
  267. ^ "Republic of South Sudan Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  268. ^ Hainan Regulated Visa Waiver Policy, Hainan Tourism Development Commission
  269. ^ "Visa Information for Hong Kong: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  270. ^ [9]
  271. ^ http://as.and.nic.in/TourismAND/TCorner/ForeignersNew.htm
  272. ^ http://arunachaltourism.com/entry_formalities.php
  273. ^ http://manipurbhawan.nic.in/entryformalities.htm
  274. ^ http://manipurhub.com/news/manipur/protected-area-permit-requirement-lifted-from-manipur-for-one-year/
  275. ^ http://lakshadweeptourism.nic.in/web9.htm
  276. ^ "Visa Information for Iraq: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  277. ^ "Kazakhstan Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  278. ^ "Iran Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  279. ^ "Visa Information for Macao: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  280. ^ "Malaysia Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  281. ^ "Maldives Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  282. ^ "Visa Information for State of Palestine: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  283. ^ "Israel Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  284. ^ "Visa Information for Taiwan, Province of China: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  285. ^ http://www.pamirs.org/visas.htm
  286. ^ http://www.traveltajikistan.com/visas/gbao.html
  287. ^ http://tajiktourism.com/tajikistan-visa/
  288. ^ http://www.xzta.gov.cn/yww/Essential/Notice/4719.shtml
  289. ^ http://www.tibettravel.org/tibet-travel-permit/tibet-permits.html
  290. ^ http://www.tibettravelplanner.com/travel_permit.htm
  291. ^ http://www.vietseatourist.vn/News/category1/news-57/No-visa-required-for-tourists-to-Phu-Quoc-on-short-stay.html
  292. ^ "Yemen Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  293. ^ "Visa Information for Anguilla: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  294. ^ "Visa Information for Aruba: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  295. ^ "Aruba Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  296. ^ "Visa Information for Bermuda: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  297. ^ "Visa Information for Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  298. ^ "Bonaire, St. Eustatius, and Saba (BES) Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  299. ^ "Visa Information for Virgin Islands, British: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  300. ^ "Visa Information for Cayman Islands: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  301. ^ "Visa Information for Curaçao: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  302. ^ "Visa Information for French Guiana: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  303. ^ "Visa Information for Guadeloupe: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  304. ^ "Vietnam Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  305. ^ [10]
  306. ^ "Visa Information for Montserrat: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  307. ^ "Visa Information for Sint Maarten: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  308. ^ "Sint Maarten Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  309. ^ "Visa Information for Turks and Caicos Islands: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  310. ^ "Visa Information for Virgin Islands, U.S.: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  311. ^ "Visa Information for American Samoa: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  312. ^ http://www.environment.gov.au/coasts/mpa/ashmore/activities.html
  313. ^ http://www.clipperton.fr/incagen.html?geopolitique.htm~main
  314. ^ http://www.cook-islands.gov.ck/faq.php
  315. ^ "Visa Information for Guam: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  316. ^ "Fiji Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  317. ^ "Visa Information for French Polynesia: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  318. ^ http://www.niueisland.com/getting-niue
  319. ^ "Visa Information for Northern Mariana Islands: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). 
  320. ^ http://www.visitpitcairn.pn/visitpitcairn/visaslegalinfo/touristinfo/index.html
  321. ^ http://www.government.pn/visaInfo.php
  322. ^ http://www.government.pn/immigration%20ordinance.pdf
  323. ^ "Visa Information for Puerto Rico: Holders of Normal Passports from Australia". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  324. ^ http://www.fws.gov/bakerisland/visit.html
  325. ^ http://www.fws.gov/howlandisland/visit.html
  326. ^ http://www.fws.gov/jarvisisland/
  327. ^ http://www.fws.gov/johnstonisland/visit.html
  328. ^ http://www.fws.gov/kingmanreef/visit.html
  329. ^ http://www.fws.gov/midway/visit.html
  330. ^ http://www.fws.gov/palmyraatoll/visit.html
  331. ^ http://www.falklandislands.com/product.php/35/17/entry_and_exit_requirements/abce58e896311945651c12e01c7562dc
  332. ^ http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/travel-and-living-abroad/travel-advice-by-country/south-america/south-georgia-south-sandwich#entryRequirements
  333. ^ http://www.sgisland.gs/index.php/(v)Information_for_Visitors_to_South_Georgia?useskin=vis
  334. ^ http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/about_antarctica/tourism/index.php
  335. ^ http://www.fco.gov.uk/content/en/travel-advice/north-central-south-america/12940285/fco_trv_ca_britishantarcticterr?ta=travelSummary&pg=1
  336. ^ http://britishantarcticterritory.fco.gov.uk/en/tourism/
  337. ^ http://www.taaf.fr/Acces-a-l-Antarctique
  338. ^ http://www.taaf.fr/Acces-aux-iles-australes
  339. ^ http://www.taaf.fr/Acces-aux-iles-Eparses
  340. ^ http://www.dna.gov.ar/DIVULGAC/INDEX.HTM
  341. ^ http://www.antarctica.gov.au/living-and-working/predeparture/expeditioner-engagement-information
  342. ^ http://www.heardisland.aq/about/frequently-asked-questions#visit_heard_island
  343. ^ http://www.npolar.no/en/antarctica/peter-I-oy.html
  344. ^ http://www.npolar.no/en/antarctica/dronning-maud-land.html
  345. ^ http://www.mfat.govt.nz/Foreign-Relations/Antarctica/3-New-Zealand-Procedures-for-Visitors-to-Antarctica/index.php
  346. ^ http://www.nyidanmark.dk/en-us/coming_to_dk/visa/Visa_free_travel.htm
  347. ^ http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/EN/EinreiseUndAufenthalt/StaatenlisteVisumpflicht_node.html
  348. ^ Information pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 listing the third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders and those whose nationals are exempt from that requirement
  349. ^ http://www.politsei.ee/en/teenused/working-in-estonia/registration-of-short-term-employment/
  350. ^ http://www.migration.gv.at/en/types-of-immigration/temporary-residence.html
  351. ^ http://www.migration.gv.at/en/types-of-immigration/permanent-immigration-red-white-red-card/very-highly-qualified-workers.html
  352. ^ http://portal.mpsv.cz/sz/zahr_zam/zelka/ciz#jakziskat
  353. ^ Table of countries whose citizens require/do not require visas to enter Germany
  354. ^ Studying and working in Germany
  355. ^ http://www.vm.ee/?q=en/node/9232
  356. ^ http://www.politsei.ee/en/teenused/residence-permit/tahtajaline-elamisluba/tootamiseks/oluline-info-tootamiseks-elamisloa-taotlejale.dot#erand
  357. ^ [11]
  358. ^ http://www.pmlp.gov.lv/en/pakalpojumi/residence/documents_submitted.html
  359. ^ [12]
  360. ^ http://www.udi.no/Norwegian-Directorate-of-Immigration/Central-topics/Work-and-residence/Do-I-need-a-residence-permit/#skilled
  361. ^ UK Border Agency: Arriving at the UK border (If one is not a citizen of the EU, EEA or Switzerland)
  362. ^ UK Border Agency: Child visitors
  363. ^ http://www.nzembassy.com/australia/going-new-zealand/visas
  364. ^ Country list - Yellow fever vaccination requirements and recommendations; and malaria situation
  365. ^ "International Travel Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  366. ^ Timatic
  367. ^ Argentina strengthens migratory control
  368. ^ Japan fingerprints foreigners as anti-terror move
  369. ^ S Korea to scan fingerprints of suspicious foreign visitors
  370. ^ Cambodia Country Specific Information
  371. ^ Malaysia Country Specific Information
  372. ^ Saudi Arabia mandates fingerprints and biometrics for foreigners
  373. ^ Office of Biometric Identity Management